Index
in Global humanitarianism and media culture

Index

activism 228
humanitarian 217
online 209, 226, 230
see also clicktivism
advertising 46, 59, 61, 74, 96, 194, 224, 228
campaigns 128, 131, 135, 155, 237, 2536, 262
advocacy 132, 136, 193, 1967
Agamben, Giorgio 23, 109, 147
see also ‘bare life’
agency 52, 87, 107, 115, 152, 190, 211, 237
agency (noun) 18, 39, 61, 63, 70, 131, 136, 1489, 168, 172, 1756, 213
aid 2, 5, 6, 8, 18, 3943, 47, 52, 59, 60, 62, 73, 74, 83
agencies 6, 89, 129, 132, 1345, 16786
and journalists 16786
journalists 168
operations 168
workers 6, 88, 98, 126, 167, 169, 171, 176, 180
Al-Arabiya (TV station) 176
Amazing Mrs Holliday, The (Renoir/Danning, 1942) 15, 19, 20, 247, 32
American Red Cross 2
Amnesty International 111, 160n27
appeal 18, 106, 115, 127, 12836, 235
Arab Spring 209
archive 7, 41, 44, 45, 71, 73, 112, 233, 238
Arendt, Hannah 112
asylum-seekers 146, 154, 157, 248, 250, 252, 255, 258, 2603
audiences 1, 4, 8, 18, 205, 27, 29, 30, 32, 402, 59, 60, 6870, 735, 85, 88, 92, 105, 107, 112, 122, 125, 1268, 155, 171, 180, 187, 188, 190, 1918, 225, 227, 2312, 2358, 247, 253
Australia 127, 161n55
Austria 41, 43, 52
authenticity 5, 17, 21, 22, 24, 30, 32, 83, 97, 228, 232
awareness 1, 3, 4, 83, 131, 133, 136, 153, 168, 171, 172, 17880, 1946, 214, 233, 234
Bakhtin, Mikhail 238, 246, 249, 250, 251
Band Aid 123, 135
Banker to the Poor (Muhammad Yunus) 86, 927
‘bare life’ 23, 109, 147, 157
Bauman, Zygmunt 210
Bazin, André 21
BBC 107, 108, 10910, 123, 128, 137n3, 1745
Belafonte, Harry 61
Belgium 19, 127
Bentham, Jeremy 229
Berger, John 108
biopolitics 147
Bonney, Therese 23
Border Street (Ford, 1948) 20
borders 7, 20, 146, 151, 152, 167, 196
control of 5, 146, 147, 148, 151, 156
domestic 218
European 145, 148, 149, 156, 157
international 47
militarisation of 146, 156
sea 109, 114
Bourdieu, Pierre 210
Boy with Green Hair, The (Losey, 1948) 15, 19, 20, 2932, 30, 31
branding 3, 7, 221, 225, 226, 233, 246, 247
corporate 147, 227, 228, 246, 248, 251, 252, 262, 263
cosmopolitan 208
emotional 208
British Documentary Film Movement 43, 44, 47
British Red Cross 128, 131
British Government 123, 132, 133, 236
broadcaster 5, 105, 123, 124, 128, 129, 137n3
Butler, Judith 16, 18
Buzzfeed 173, 178
CAFOD see Catholic Fund for Overseas Development
campaigners 113, 232, 237, 238
campaigns 4, 7, 19, 155, 156, 2278, 233, 234, 236, 249
advocacy 136
awareness 179
humanitarian 32, 188, 225, 226, 232, 238
media 5, 6, 39, 148, 194
protest 235
Capra, Frank 35, 40, 41
care 3, 5, 6, 15, 17, 18, 20, 22, 23, 30, 45, 126, 145, 147, 148, 150, 151, 156, 207, 208, 212, 217, 226
CARE see Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere
carnival/esque 238, 2467, 24950, 251, 252, 263
Catholic Fund for Overseas Development (CAFOD) 128, 131
CBS 61, 109
celebrity 6, 61, 62, 88, 136, 153, 167, 169, 211, 237, 238, 246, 248, 256, 258, 260
censorship 106
charity 6, 19, 29, 84, 135, 136, 167, 174, 187, 1924, 196, 233, 236, 247
events 187
childhood 4, 6, 115, 168, 169, 172, 173, 180, 20912, 21323
see also children
children 4, 68, 1538, 4953, 69, 71, 86, 103, 105, 107, 125, 126, 130, 151, 152, 153, 16786, 187, 207, 21021, 224, 237, 238, 256, 260, 263
‘African’ 237
distant 6, 18, 122, 207, 217, 218
Ethiopian 135
foreign 6, 17, 18
iconography of 106, 236
images of 47, 129, 131, 136
international 18, 25, 47
Palestinian 105, 106, 116n8
representation of 15, 18, 32, 224
Syrian 1703, 179, 180
China Girl (Hathaway, 1942) 245
Chouliaraki, Lilie 3, 16, 36n63, 150, 152, 193, 2301, 234, 235
Christian Aid 128, 131, 133, 225
Christian Relief and Development Association (CRDA) (Ethiopia) 124
chronotope 2501, 257, 260, 261, 263
cinema 5, 40, 424, 52, 10321, 153
American 21
European 20, 21
Hollywood 4, 1538, 61, 62, 68, 110, 151
popular 4, 16
citizen 218
ethical 208, 209, 214, 217, 219n1
global 209
political 6, 207, 208, 215, 216, 218
sustainable 211, 212
citizenship 17, 157, 191, 238, 260
global 212
national 215
clicktivism 226
see also activism, online
CNN 104, 173, 175
Cold War 2, 42, 46, 50, 53, 5960, 61, 62, 66, 72, 834, 124, 200n33
collective risk 188, 197
colonialism 5, 110, 116, 124, 130, 132, 133, 159n12, 216
Comic Relief 235
common sense humanitarianism (Tester) 231
communications 1, 3, 46, 61, 71, 110, 130, 132, 133, 135, 136, 178, 225, 22838, 251
community 2, 16, 17, 71, 72, 87, 108, 113, 116, 129, 174, 178, 179, 188, 196, 247, 248, 251, 256, 25860, 2623
aid 123, 131, 136
‘imagined community’ 151
moral 212
compassion 15, 21, 83, 111, 112, 113, 129, 147, 14951, 157, 195
compassion fatigue (Moeller) 193, 234
compassionate repression (Fassin) 157
complicity 96, 106, 112, 149, 172
conflict 10321
consumer action 209
consumer citizen 218
consumerism 62, 106, 171, 20723, 227, 228, 230, 261
ethical 208, 209, 214, 217, 219n1
global 209
political 6, 207, 208, 215, 216, 218
sustainable 211, 212
Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE) 97n4, 97n5
corporate agenda 227, 228
corporate sponsor 247, 262, 263
cosmopolitanism (Kant) 154
CRDA see Christian Relief and Development Association
crisis 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 62, 83, 106, 108, 123, 124, 128, 132, 4, 157, 167, 169, 178, 180, 190, 192, 5, 197, 198, 209, 249
crisis management 147
migration crisis 145, 147, 148, 152, 153, 154
refugee crisis 167, 177, 179, 180, 196, 216
Syrian 171, 172, 173, 177, 179, 180
culture 14, 7, 8, 32, 39, 44, 604, 74, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89, 91, 96, 97, 123, 150, 187, 196, 207, 217, 231, 232, 238, 246, 247, 251, 260
national 43
popular 4, 17, 59, 60, 6870, 73, 74, 246
cuteness 17, 21, 24, 28, 29, 32
Daily Telegraph 175, 197
Danish Red Cross 252
De Certeau, Michel 230
De Sica, Vittorio 20, 21
death 25, 45, 46, 52, 104, 105, 106, 111, 124, 125, 131, 145, 147, 150, 153, 154, 156, 157, 195, 249
Debord, Guy 187
DEC see Disasters Emergency Committee
democracy 41, 46, 60, 108, 124, 146, 147, 154, 191
Denmark 127, 148, 155, 247, 256, 257, 258
Department for International Development (DfID) 132
detachment 187, 191, 193, 195, 260
development 88, 91, 92, 95, 96, 124, 128, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 210, 213
developing nations 65, 66, 70, 73, 89, 94, 134, 193
DfID see Department for International Development
Diary for Timothy, A (Jennings) 51
Dimbleby, Jonathan 1223, 1245, 128, 134
Disaster Unit (within ODM) 134
disasters 1, 5, 7, 104, 107, 122, 123, 124, 125, 12738, 169, 171, 193, 195, 237
Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) 106, 128, 35
discourse 5, 6, 7, 17, 25, 40, 41, 43, 44, 47, 49, 50, 52, 65, 73, 84, 85, 108, 130, 132, 136, 145, 51, 155, 156, 158n1, 16974, 179, 180, 195, 215, 216, 225, 232, 233, 234, 246
distant other/s 1, 3, 16, 30, 208, 215, 231
documentary 4, 5, 8, 31, 32, 40, 438, 113, 1225, 1279, 132, 156, 173
Dunant, Henri 83, 87, 99n24
Durbin, Deanna 19, 24
Eastwood, Clint 61
education 6, 83, 86, 88, 90, 91, 123, 132, 135, 136, 168, 1724, 179, 180, 226, 235, 236, 237
emergency 2, 5, 8, 48, 84, 86, 87, 91, 12840, 145, 146, 150, 151, 157, 168, 176, 179
emotions 176, 187, 196, 207, 209
moral 215, 218
empathy 112, 122, 133, 176, 187, 190, 191, 195, 196, 208, 227
empowerment 51, 83
engagement 3, 92, 103, 111, 131, 136, 193, 225, 229, 232, 233, 247
political 190, 226
public 59, 135, 187, 191, 231, 235, 237, 238
Enlightenment, The 44, 52, 154, 196, 198
Enough Food IF (UK) 153, 225, 227, 228, 229, 2301, 233, 235, 236, 2378
entertainment 17, 21, 24, 25, 32, 61, 68, 74, 187, 210
environment 3, 73, 92, 135, 136, 168, 170, 188, 197, 207, 213, 216, 226, 229, 231, 232, 236, 247, 248, 259
Eritrea 154
ERP see European Recovery Programme
ethics 2, 3, 8, 16, 89, 168, 178, 180, 190, 192, 198, 211, 215, 217, 218
Ethiopia 123, 124, 125, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133
Ethiopian Government 125, 126, 129
Ethiopian Famine (1973–5) 122, 124, 131, 132, 135
Ethiopian Famine (1984–5) 123, 135
Ethiopian Government 125, 126, 129
Europe’s Children (Bonney, 1943) 23
European Commission 98n10, 148
European Film Unit 40, 46
European Recovery Programme (ERP) 39, 41, 47
see also Marshall Plan
European Union 145, 1467, 148, 149, 154, 155, 156, 1578, 160n28
Europol 148
everyday life 93, 113, 125, 158, 226, 230, 232, 259, 260
extremism 88, 146
Facebook 2, 153, 209, 22445, 247, 249
family 15, 17, 25, 27, 46, 110, 115, 125, 175, 177, 208
famine 5, 7, 93, 12242, 193, 208
fantasy 4, 15, 30, 31, 32, 95, 96
Fassin, Didier 10n10, 85, 107, 157
fear 22, 25, 41, 62, 109, 110, 114, 125, 145, 153, 155, 156, 175, 178, 156, 161, 188, 192, 195, 196, 213, 214, 219
of the other 171, 180
feminism 62
Ferno, John 31, 43
festival 1, 2, 6, 7, 41, 46, 113, 156, 24667
film 16, 18, 45, 56, 113, 156
Fire at Sea (Rosi, 2016) 156
First World War 2
Folman, Ari 103, 112
Fondazione Rava 150
Ford, Aleksander 20
foreigner 157, 172
Foucault, Michel 147, 229
Four Hundred Million, The (Joris Ivens and John Ferno, 1939) 31
Fox News 197
frameworks 44, 45, 56, 84, 112, 131, 134, 190, 191, 193, 238
Frissell, Toni 78
Frontex 147, 1489, 150, 156
GAME (Denmark) 248, 256, 257, 259, 260, 261
games 59, 74, 171, 225, 232, 237, 246, 248, 249, 253, 254, 259, 260
online 7, 246
Gandhi, Mahatma 248
gaze 21, 25, 27, 115
colonial 224
gender 60, 64, 177, 208, 216, 230, 252
Geneva Convention 83
geopolitics 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 52, 146, 152, 156
Germany, Year Zero (Rossellini, 1948) 20, 21
Giddens, Anthony 192
global warming 197
Good Life, The (Humphrey Jennings and Graham Wallace) 43, 445, 4653
government 5, 7, 18, 41, 46, 50, 60, 72, 73, 105, 106, 112, 123, 124, 134, 158, 176, 178, 193, 197, 214, 225, 234
Grameen Bank 912, 95, 96, 97, 100n30
Gramsci, Antonio 231
Greece 19, 3958, 145, 157
Greek Civil War (1945–9) 412, 43, 47, 49, 51, 52
Greek War Relief Association 29
Grierson, John 46
Guardian, The 178
guilt 67, 112, 130
Hamas 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 117n27
Haslemere Declaration, The (1968) 131
Heavenly Days (Estabrook, 1944) 15, 19, 20, 279, 32
Hobbes, Thomas 237
Hollywood 61, 62, 68, 151
cinema 1538, 110
see also cinema, Hollywood
Honourable Woman, The (BBC) 110
hospitality 7, 22, 23, 155
House of Commons 123, 127, 133
human rights 160n28, 209
discourse 156
humanitarian campaigns 4, 29, 30, 32, 188, 226
humanitarian events 247, 249, 251, 253
humanitarian movements 16
humanitarianism 110, 15, 18, 39, 41, 42, 47, 84, 86, 88, 89, 96, 107, 12242, 149, 178, 207, 209, 217, 224, 229, 231, 234, 246, 261, 263
and action 3, 6, 18, 31, 146, 149, 209, 234, 236
and activism 217
and assistance 131, 134, 149, 157, 172, 194
British 5, 122, 123, 135
crisis in 1, 2, 5, 146, 167, 190, 194, 197, 198
and duty 156
and emergency 2, 8, 145
global 1, 4, 6, 15, 39, 96, 97, 129, 135, 168, 207, 209, 217, 218, 219
and narratives 4, 6, 3958, 83, 86, 97, 148, 151, 156, 157, 191
and news 191, 194
and NGO campaigns 225
politics 230
and rhetoric 157
and risk 194, 195, 197
and self-perception 156
and sentiment 4, 15, 16, 21, 23
humour 224, 226, 235, 237, 238
Hungary 20, 72, 148, 155
ICRC see International Committee of the Red Cross
ideology 42, 50, 52, 96, 226, 238
IHL see International Humanitarian Law
imaginary 3, 32, 95, 103, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153
immigrants 145, 154
impartiality 168
inequality 91, 95, 136, 153, 197, 217, 250
injustice 7, 83, 112, 114, 189, 238
innocence 21, 96, 209, 211, 215
Instagram 153, 228, 247, 249, 261
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) 2, 83
international development 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 70, 74, 75, 86, 87, 88, 91, 92, 96, 132
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) 11012
International Organization for Migration (IOM) 153, 155
International Red Cross 135
international relations 17, 23, 41, 68
internationalism 4, 16, 17, 18, 24, 47, 52
IOM see International Organization for Migration
Iraq 170
Ireland 41, 127, 128
Israel 72, 10321
Italian Neorealism 20
Italian Red Cross 150
Italy 41
ITV 122, 123, 127, 128, 129, 134, 137n3
Ivens, Joris 31
Izzard, Eddie 153
Jennings, Humphrey 43, 447, 50, 51, 52
see also Good Life, The
Jolie, Angelina 170
Jordan 6, 19, 155, 16786
journalism 1, 6, 188204
journalists 169, 175
justice 6, 7, 83, 108, 112, 113, 114, 116, 135, 188, 189, 190, 192, 196, 207, 219, 238
Kant, Immanuel 154, 1912
Kennedy, John F. (President) 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 68, 71
Kerry, John 55n31, 170
Ki-moon, Ban 155
Kosovo 200n33
Kurdi, Alan 158, 21617
Lamprecht, Gerhard 20
Laqueur, Thomas 47
Lebanon 155, 170, 256
Lebanon War (1982) 103
Libya 145, 147, 154, 200n33
life-writing 5, 83, 85, 96
Live Aid 123, 172, 187
Make Poverty History 153, 235, 236
Mare Nostrum 149, 150, 151, 152
Marshall, George, General 39, 40
Marshall Plan (MP) 3941
Marshall Plan Films 3958
Mbembe, Achille 147
McDowall, Roddy 19, 21, 22
Mead, Margaret 61
media
campaigns 5, 39, 40, 41, 148, 152, 156, 194
consumers 106
coverage 6, 65, 70, 74, 107, 123, 146, 167, 168, 170, 173, 175, 177, 179, 193
events 187
producers 171
Mediterranean Sea 146, 151, 153, 156
Memory of Solferino, A (Dunant) 83
Middle East 64, 146, 169
military 7, 40, 41, 42, 48, 67, 72, 84, 87, 88, 104, 111, 114, 115, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153
Ministry for Overseas Development (ODM) 134
Missionaries 124, 130, 234
Moeller, Susan 107, 193
moral panic 196, 197
Mortenson, Greg 86, 967
Mother Teresa 89
Mussolini 151
MySpace 228
NASA 84
nationalism 4, 16, 17, 18, 24, 47, 52, 208, 214
necropolitics 147
neo-humanitarianism 42, 52
neoliberalism 212
Netanyahu, Binyamin 104, 105, 106, 111
neutrality 48, 190, 191, 193
news 5, 46, 61, 107, 108, 109, 115, 129, 135, 136, 151, 152, 154, 167, 168, 170, 173, 175, 177, 178, 179, 188, 190, 191, 194
coverage 103, 111, 112, 113, 114, 187, 195
media 103, 105, 110, 193, 197
newspapers 2, 22, 39, 59, 69, 155, 169, 229
newsreels 40, 43
reports 128, 130, 133, 180
NGOs see Non-Governmental Organisations
Nigeria 70, 154
Nigerian Civil War (1968) 128, 1301, 132
No Lost Generation (initiative) 1723, 180
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) 5, 6, 84, 92, 110, 122, 123, 124, 1279, 130, 1312, 134, 135, 136, 149, 153, 193, 217, 22438
O’Brien, Margaret 21, 24
ODA see Overseas Development Administration
ODM see Ministry for Overseas Development
Overseas Development Administration (ODA) 1323, 134
Oxfam 46, 52, 124, 127, 128, 130, 131, 132, 136, 225
parenting 20723
participation 27, 83, 150, 208, 226, 232, 233, 238, 256, 261
patriotism 4
Patty Duke Show, The 6970
peace 16, 17, 18, 30, 32, 39, 42, 59, 85, 88, 91, 109, 260
perception management 10321
personality 5, 89, 91, 97, 193
Phan Thi Kim Phuc 105
philanthropy 130, 246
photography 7, 23, 32, 40, 47, 63, 64, 65, 103, 105, 124, 127, 151, 174, 176, 178, 216, 230, 252
Pichel, Irving 15
see also Pied Piper, The
Pied Piper, The (Pichel, 1942) 15, 1819, 224, 25, 27, 28, 32
pity 103, 113, 131, 151, 187, 188, 190, 193, 195, 196
policy 5, 39, 42, 44, 52, 59, 60, 72, 74, 75, 122, 123, 132, 133, 134, 145, 147, 149, 154, 188
politics 1, 2, 5, 43, 44, 52, 53, 60, 62, 68, 72, 108, 129, 130, 136, 147, 148, 150, 157, 207, 209, 210, 215, 217, 226, 230, 231, 232
Pope Francis 151
poverty 39, 63, 75, 86, 91, 92, 93, 95, 108, 124, 130, 131, 133, 136, 153, 172, 178, 188, 197, 22445
power 46, 47, 50, 51, 52, 72, 83, 85, 86, 88, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 97, 104, 105, 107, 109, 111, 115, 116, 123, 124, 125, 128, 130, 147, 152, 188, 196, 207, 210, 212, 216, 218, 225, 229, 237, 246
power relations 7, 16, 40, 187, 229, 250, 251, 252
prejudice 153, 224
propaganda 32, 35n41, 40, 41, 45, 46, 48, 61, 145, 150, 151, 196
public relations 4, 5979, 84, 104, 107, 193, 247
publicity 4, 32, 39, 41, 46, 5979, 124, 128, 132, 135
Qishta, Fida 112, 113, 114, 115
radio 59, 61, 62, 63, 68, 70, 73, 109
Radvanyi, Geza 20
Rawls, John 188, 189, 191, 192, 198
Red Crescent Movement 135
Red Cross 7, 47, 48, 49
refugee 19, 22, 35n41, 89, 108, 145, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158n1, 169, 178, 179, 196, 221n53, 258, 261
camp 6, 112, 167, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 179
crisis 147, 167, 177, 216
Palestinian 107
Syrian 6, 170, 177, 178, 179, 180, 216, 217
relief 122, 123, 124, 125, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 134
Renoir, Jean 15, 24
Renzi, Matteo 1556
Reporters without Borders 170
rescue 25, 106, 150, 151, 152, 154, 193
narratives 20, 218
responsibility 3, 6, 22, 25, 27, 59, 106, 107, 108, 113, 147, 150, 153, 154, 155, 156, 216, 217
corporate social responsibility (CSR) 246
moral 190
political 196
risk 5, 6, 20, 94, 95, 146, 148, 149, 158, 171, 187204, 211, 213, 215, 216, 217, 238, 250, 251
‘poverty risk’ 197
‘risk society’ 192, 212
Rosi, Gianfranco 156
Roskilde Festival 24667
Rossellini, Roberto 20, 21
Rotha, Paul 46
Rwanda 200n33
satire 249
Save the Children 128, 131, 150, 173, 174, 178, 225, 231, 236
Schengen 1456, 148, 157
Search, The (Zinnemann, 1948) 21
Seaton, George 21
Second World War 1, 2, 4, 17, 39, 42, 46, 52, 61, 84
security 39, 94, 109, 146, 149, 150, 156, 157, 175
Selassie, Haile 123, 124
sentiment 4, 6, 1538, 50, 151, 158n1, 175, 208, 209, 218, 228, 234, 238, 246
cosmopolitan 208
Serbia 155
Shoeshine (De Sica, 1946) 20
Shute, Nevil 22, 35n54
Singer, Peter 208
Smith, Adam 208
Snow, Jon (Channel 4) 103, 105, 106
social media 1, 2, 5, 11, 105, 106, 207, 209, 224, 225, 228, 229, 230, 231
see also Facebook; YouTube
social network 147, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 230, 231, 233, 234, 236
see also Facebook; YouTube
solidarity 2, 5, 6, 22, 23, 32, 95, 109, 113, 147, 156, 157, 187, 190, 191, 192, 196, 231, 247, 263
Somewhere in Berlin (Lamprecht, 1946) 20
Somewhere in Europe (Radvanyi, 1947) 20
Sontag, Susan 106, 138n36
Spanish Civil War 41
spectacle 16, 20, 32, 148, 150, 153
see also Debord, Guy
spectators 20, 150, 151, 187, 260
stereotype 18, 70, 130, 136, 237, 238, 252
strangers 3, 153, 173, 209, 212, 233, 261
distant 209, 212
Sudan 98n14, 154
Lost Boys of Sudan 85
suffering 193
distant 3, 133, 150, 192, 193, 194, 208
surveillance 146, 147, 149, 229
sympathy 2, 17, 106, 107, 110, 112, 116, 151, 195, 196, 208
Syria 6, 16786, 195, 216
see also refugee
television 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 59, 61, 68, 69, 70, 74, 167, 12242, 152, 212, 224
Temple, Shirley 21, 23, 24
terror 31, 88, 91, 107, 108, 109, 145, 146, 158n4, 171, 180, 193, 195
Tester, Keith 1, 231
Three Cups of Tea (Mortenson and Relin, 2006) 8691
torture 22, 111, 167
tradition 2, 3, 17, 43, 48, 51, 63, 88, 93, 95, 96, 105, 113, 154, 175, 180, 189, 191, 192, 193, 217, 228, 229, 233, 234, 235, 236, 246, 250
trauma 20, 103, 112, 113, 116, 172, 180
Truman, Harry (President) 39, 41, 42
Turkey 73, 145, 157, 170
Twibbon 233
Twitter 153, 209, 224, 225, 228, 233, 247
UN see United Nations
United Nations (UN) 167, 178
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 46, 52
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (UNFAO) 133
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) 18, 29, 33n1, 47, 124, 177, 178
United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) 176
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) 16, 18, 34n22, 40, 48
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 60, 84
United States Peace Corps 4, 5979, 83, 85
universalism 48, 52
Unknown Famine, The 12242, 126, 127
USAID see United States Agency for International Development
utility 189
average 188, 191, 194, 196, 198n9, 199
video blog 103, 106, 115
Vietnam 19, 62, 130
Vietnam war 67, 105, 130
violence 5, 6, 16, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 115, 116, 147, 153, 154, 170, 172, 173, 177
Virilio, Paul 104
visibility 3, 40, 148, 224, 225, 229, 230, 233, 234, 238
volunteer 4, 7, 25, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 85, 234, 235, 263
vulnerability 5, 6, 18, 114, 146, 151, 176, 188, 192
Waltz with Bashir (Folman, 2008) 103, 112, 113, 114, 116
war
‘war on terror’ 180
War on Want 128, 1312
Warner, Michael 233
Weizman, Eyal 109, 111, 112, 118n39
Where Should the Birds Fly (Qishta, 2013) 103, 11316
WHO see World Health Organization
Why We Fight (Capra, 1942–5) 40
Williams, Raymond 1516
witness 74, 106, 110, 116, 126, 134, 151, 217, 237
World Health Organization (WHO) 47
Wright, Basil 46
xenophobia 153
Yousafzai, Malala 173, 174, 174
YouTube 2, 106, 153, 225, 228, 231, 233, 236, 258, 260
Yunus, Muhammad 86, 91

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