Federalism and political asymmetry
Executive versus legislative power
in Federalism and democratisation in Russia

This chapter examines the struggle between executive and legislative bodies of power. One of the major problems with presidential systems is that they are, ‘prone to creating two opposing centres of power’, and often ‘legislative paralysis can set in when neither parliament nor president are strong enough to break the deadlocks which ensue’. In Russia, deadlock at the national level led to outright physical violence and the dissolution of the Russian Parliament in October 1993. And this struggle between parliament and president also gravitated downwards to the local level with similar battles occurring between regional assemblies and executive bodies of power.

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