This chapter introduces Kosovo as a case study for exploring attempts by the DSI to transform a war economy. It is shown that the value of exploring the case of Kosovo over several years of international intervention, is that it provides an assessment of policy implementation as it was occurring, and not simply a post-facto assessment. The chapter then provides a thorough discussion of the many facets of the war economy, looking at the varied actors involved and their diverse motivations. It also discusses the economic, criminal and political legacies of the war economy in the post conflict phase. Through this, detailed frameworks for exploring other examples of war economies and their legacies are provided. A brief introduction to the DSI’s role in the Kosovo conflict and war economy transformation is given.
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