This chapter confirms that the limitations of war economy agenda can be explained by examining the ideological foundations of the liberal peacebuilding project, conceptual lenses through which the problem is understood and the degree to which this is implemented in programming, as well as the operational characteristics of the Development-Security Industry. However, comparative analysis reveals that there is also a degree of heterogeneity in the responses of actors within the DSI. This chapter explores how some actors have manoeuvred within and around the typical liberal modes of intervention and attempted to integrate more context specific, politically aware modes of programming with the aim contributing to the wider aims of positive transformation. It highlights that progress can be made there is where negotiation with local actors, integration of a range of contextual issues is privileged and the goals of justice are more effectively balanced with those of stability and growth.
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