Index
in Science at the end of empire

INDEX

acetone 3840, 164
Africa 5, 7, 8, 11, 50, 159, 190
development programmes 2, 6
research institutions 51, 60, 61
African Research Survey 5
Agricultural Research Council (ARC) 7, 9, 5356, 64, 156, 183
agriculture 45, 24, 5154, 6061, 109, 190
alcohol 3641, 65, 106, 107, 108, 146, 164, 172173
Amani, Tanganyika 51, 109, 123
American bases 80, 132133
An African Survey 53
Anglo-American Caribbean Commission
Anglo-Iranian Oil Company 164
antibiotics 65, 111, 119, 121, 125, 171
Argus Chemical Corporation 114, 163, 168
Aspro-Nicholas Ltd 176
aviation fuel 32, 37, 42–43, 133, 164
Bacteriological Research Advisory Board (BRAB) 65
bagasse 114, 173174
bananas 13, 25, 119, 121, 137
Barbados 1213, 15, 23, 27, 92
1937 riots 2830
sugar breeding 2425
sugar cane wax factory 115, 118, 146, 168, 170, 172, 175
Barclays Bank 93
Barlow Report 59, 64
Best, Lloyd 149
Birmingham University 4142, 6467, 111, 116, 162163, 176, 186
blood plasma 163164
Booker Bros 26, 115, 117
British West Indies Sugar Association (BWISA) 110114, 118, 126, 168170
Burgess, C. J. 9596, 140143
businessmen 62, 76, 88, 93, 105, 139, 143147
Butler, Uriah 2829, 132134
Caine, Sydney 25, 3536, 41, 62, 7679, 8589, 159, 171, 188, 191192
Caribbean
exports 12, 1314, 25, 35, 133
independence 14, 21, 90, 95, 148, 158, 160, 169, 172
political reform 3, 14, 82, 90, 131
Caribbean Commission 1516, 7984, 8997, 118, 131, 140141, 147149, 155, 181, 187189
Caribbean Development Corporation 92, 13
Caribbean Economic Review 81, 97, 140
Caroni 172174, 186
Carrington, Edwin 134, 148149
Carstairs, Charles 55, 123, 157158
Chamberlain, Joseph 4, 24, 190
chemical industry 16, 3644, 6566, 107, 110, 171, 173
chemurgy 37
Clauson, Gerald 37, 41, 65, 123
Clifford, Bede 88
coal 37, 41, 65, 67, 107, 178
cocoa 1314, 25, 28, 69, 109, 119, 125, 135, 168
Colonial Agricultural Service 53, 60, 109
colonial development 3334, 4957, 60, 119, 156, 159, 182, 185, 189
Colonial Development Act (1929) 5, 33, 5051
Colonial Development Corporation (CDC) 83, 92, 93, 172, 175, 186
Colonial Development and Welfare Act (1940, 1945 CDW Act) 3, 7, 911, 26, 3234, 41, 44, 4952, 5556, 62, 7071, 7678, 84, 110111, 117, 122123, 131, 154, 160, 166167, 174, 189191
Colonial Development and Welfare Organisation (CDW Org) 34, 84, 9496, 121, 132, 146
Colonial Economic Advisory Committee (CEAC) 7879, 8487, 97, 113
Colonial Food Yeast Company 120, 125, 174
Colonial Medical Research Committee 57, 158
Colonial Microbiological Research Institute (CMRI) 104105, 119126, 154, 167171, 175
Colonial Office
advisors 53, 5660, 64, 8487
Economics Department 32, 3437, 40, 44, 55, 87, 101, 113, 173, 182
Research Department 55, 123, 157, 158, 185
Colonial Products Laboratory 154, 165, 168
Colonial Products Research Council (CPRC) 41, 43, 6270, 104126, 146, 154158, 161167, 171, 183, 184, 186
colonial services 8, 5357, 5961, 63
Colonial Research Committee (CRC) 5562, 78, 159
comirin 125, 170
commonwealth 90, 95, 122, 124, 158159
communists 27, 31
cordite 38
cortisone 69, 161
Cramer, Lawrence 94, 97, 141
Creech Jones, Arthur 132, 158, 159, 172
customs union 91, 98, 142
Daily Gleaner 174, 175
decolonisation 76, 166162, 167
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) 9, 37, 5356, 59, 6469, 110113, 120, 126, 156, 165166, 169, 174, 178, 183185
development
history 26
planning in Trinidad 130132
dextran 162164
Discol 40, 174
Distillers Company Limited (DCL) 36, 4041, 106107, 118, 164, 173174
diversification 83, 101, 105106, 126, 132, 147, 181, 190
Dodds, Charles 162, 165, 170
Durbin, Evan 7879, 8589
economists 7879, 8589, 9294, 9699, 130132, 135143, 148149
emancipation 23
Empire Marketing Board (EMB) 63
Ethiopia 28, 29
Ethylene40, 107, 108, 162, 171
eugenol 67, 162
Fauvel, Luc 9294
Federation 14, 9091, 98, 142, 150
fermentation 3739, 67, 108, 119122
First World War 5, 25, 27, 29, 3638, 4344, 59, 177
food yeast 120, 121, 125, 161, 168, 174175
forest products 69, 162
France 37, 81, 90, 92
Fuel Research Board (FRB) 3739
fuels 15, 4044
fundamental research 910, 1617, 50, 5864, 6770, 104105, 112115, 125126, 155158, 167, 176178, 184186
furfural 66, 114, 168, 177
Galletti, Robert 93
Galley, R. A. E. 162, 170
Germany 24, 31, 34, 51
Glaxo 161, 164, 176
Gomes, Albert 131149
Great Depression 12, 22, 2527, 33, 36, 37, 51, 77, 90, 99, 109
Griffith, James 136
Hailey, Malcolm 5256
Hankey, Maurice 43, 56, 6465, 112, 119120, 125, 158, 162163
Haworth, Norman 4143, 6466, 111, 162163, 171, 176, 186
Heesterman, J. E. 94
Heilbron I. 64, 65, 67, 162
Hibbert, J. G. 157165
Hilditch, T. P. 68
Hobson, Patrick 147148
housing 3031, 81, 133, 148
ICI 36, 40, 6566, 69, 106107, 144, 164
Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture (ICTA) 109118, 121, 167170
Imperial Department of Agriculture, Barbados 24
Imperial Institute 62–63, 65, 68, 157, 166
imperial preference 25, 63, 9192
Inconvenience Allowance 36, 38, 41, 107108, 164
industrial development bank 81, 83, 89, 9293, 99, 126, 141143, 182183
Industrial Development Conference, Puerto Rico, (February 1952) 97, 140143
industrial development corporation 9899, 139, 142, 144, 147
industrial estates 86, 98, 136, 142144, 148, 187
industrial survey
British business leaders 143146
Caribbean Commission 9294
W. Arthur Lewis 9699, 140143
Trinidad 130136
industrialisation-by-invitation 97, 148, 181
industry
cement 8889, 92, 136
Colonial Office policy 7679, 8489
debate at Caribbean Commission 8999
Trinidad policy 135140, 147149
Puerto Rico 8183, 140141
International Sugar Agreement 26, 34, 111
Jamaica
1938 riots 31
anhydrous alcohol factory 146, 172175
Industrial Development Corporation 139, 144, 147
universal franchise 14, 80
laboratories 3, 9, 60, 104105, 111125, 167171, 178, 182183
laissez-faire economics 2, 6, 79, 8789, 98, 101, 113, 159, 183, 192
levulinic acid 66, 111, 118, 162163, 168, 170, 175
Lewis, W. A.
at the Colonial Office 7879, 8587
Caribbean Commission 9697, 9899, 140143
‘The industrialisation of the British West Indies’ 9899, 140143
MacDonald, Malcolm 21, 3334, 5253
Medical Research Council (MRC) 7, 9, 5158, 156, 158, 161166, 171, 183, 185
Mellanby, Edward 5456, 178, 184
microbiology 3839, 104, 119125
Ministry of Food 34, 108, 172, 174
Ministry of Supply 163, 164
modernisation theory 2, 76, 181
molasses 36, 3941, 43, 67, 80, 106108, 114, 116, 120, 146, 164165, 168, 172174
Morris, Daniel 25
Moscoso, Teodoro 8184, 9192, 97, 187
Moyne Commission 15, 2122, 3236, 4344, 80, 129
nationalisation 149, 172
Navigation Acts 23
Netherlands 81, 92, 124
New Commonwealth 138
New Deal 7982, 99
New World Group 149
Norman Commission 24
Northern Regional Research Laboratory, Peoria 38, 109, 114, 120122
oil 12, 21, 27, 28, 30, 3637, 4043, 65, 107109, 116, 132136, 149, 164, 171, 174, 178
Olivier, Sydney 2526, 35
Operation Bootstrap 82, 96, 97, 140150
Panama Canal 12, 27
Payne, Clement 2830
Peoples’ National Movement (PNM) 147149
penicillin 38, 114, 119, 121
Pioneer Industries 98, 115, 118, 129131, 136149, 168, 173174, 191
planning 34, 16, 50, 55, 62, 7879, 87, 90, 93, 105, 132, 135, 158, 183184, 189, 192
plastics 16, 36, 22, 36, 40, 49, 64, 6566, 106, 111, 114, 121, 163, 173, 182
Point Four 76, 95
Porton Down 65, 120
power alcohol 3640, 168, 172173
PRIDCO 8183, 97, 137, 141
Privy Council 54, 64
Puerto Rico 8083, 9192, 9699, 117, 130, 137, 140150, 168, 187190
quotas 26, 110111, 133, 149, 137, 144, 164
Rance, Hubert 139
raw materials 22, 32, 36, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 64, 65, 107, 110, 112, 118, 146, 148, 163164, 171175, 177, 182, 191
research council 7, 910, 5456, 57, 61, 183185
Research Fund 7, 41, 44, 49, 5256, 6064, 7071, 110111, 122, 166
riots 2434, 80, 123, 133, 139
Robinson, Robert 6466, 83, 109110, 121, 125
Roosevelt, F. D. R. 79, 81, 90
rum 13, 24, 8182, 119, 125
Safeguarding of Industries Act (1921) 41
Science in Africa 51, 60
Scientific Advisory Committee 56, 64
Scientific Committee for Examining Alternative Uses of Colonial Raw Materials (SCEAURM) 4243
scientists
committees at the Colonial Office 5562, 64, 157158
criticisms of 157160, 162, 165166
independence of 7, 50, 5961, 115, 119, 156, 167, 177178
status 89, 54, 5864, 119, 123
Second World War 5, 11, 3135, 37, 51, 58, 66, 106108, 131, 164165, 178
Shenfield, A. A. 130, 135140, 149, 188
Simonsen, John 43, 6469, 83, 106113, 119, 121124, 157158, 162, 171, 173
St Kitts 23, 24, 26, 110, 172
Stacey, Maurice 163, 176177
Stanley, Oliver 64, 69, 7778, 84, 8687
Stockdale, Frank 25, 32, 34, 37, 3944, 79, 84, 91, 110, 171, 177
sugar
consumption 33
oversupply 2223, 2526, 3536, 42, 174, 177
preference 25, 26, 35, 44
price 2226
rationing 163
research 41, 68, 93, 104, 109119, 155, 162, 169171, 176, 186
sugar beet 24
sugar cane wax 114118, 146, 168170, 172
sugar estates 2728, 3031, 132134, 172
Sugar Foundation 116, 155, 170
Sugar Technology Laboratory 111125, 154, 167171, 176178
sugar workers 2629, 30, 111, 133
synthetics 41, 6470
Taft, Robert 82
tariffs 23, 41, 63, 77, 81, 88, 89, 92, 126, 137, 140, 144, 183
Tate & Lyle 26, 31, 41, 117, 172175
Taussig, Charles 7981, 91, 94
tax relief 81, 99, 115, 142, 175, 187
Thaysen, A. C. 39, 120125, 161, 168, 174175
trade unions 27, 133138
Trinidad and Tobago
economic problems 132135
labour unrest 26, 28
oil industry14, 28, 30, 32, 40, 107108, 132134, 136, 149
Pioneer Industries 136143, 145149
political reform 130, 132, 147
sugar industry 12, 2226, 30, 32, 34, 132133, 135
Trinidad Guardian 112, 119, 124, 134135
Trinidad Leaseholds 28, 32, 69, 109, 133, 136
Tropical Products Institute 165
Tugwell, Rex 8182
unemployment 1, 56, 27, 3233, 75, 77, 80, 138, 148149, 172, 189, 191
United Molasses Company 40, 106
United Nations 95
United States
anti-imperialism 32, 34, 51
domestic security 80, 90
free trade 8992
wages 30
Weizmann, Chaim 3839, 4243
West India Royal Commission see Moyne Commission
West Indian Conference, Barbados (March 1944) 7984
West Indies Federation see Federation
Wiggins, Leslie 6566, 111, 114123, 146, 169170, 176177
Williams, Eric 81, 9596, 130, 140, 147149, 190
Worthington, E. B. 5060

Science at the end of empire

Experts and the development of the British Caribbean, 1940–62

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