Index
in Balancing the self

Index

A Way of Life (film) 106–10, 117–18
Abi-Rached, Joelle 330
Aboriginal people 236–7
Abrahams, Adolphe 193
adaptational studies 235–7, 240, 242
advice literature 17–19, 50, 97–100, 104, 106, 115, 118, 135–6, 143, 162–3, 263, 268, 274
Advisory Committee on Alcoholism (ACA) 80–5
age, consciousness of 253
ageing 254–7, 262, 274
ageing population 286
agency 13–14, 133, 142–3, 148, 167, 181, 229, 329
AIDS 106
air crashes, bad year for (1972) 200
Air Navigation Orders (ANOs) 192, 195, 199–200, 203, 206, 209
Air Operators’ Certificate 203
airline pilots
hours worked by 190–2, 195
working practices of 192, 201
airline schedules, control and regulation of 193, 199–200, 209–10
Albala, Ken 132
alcohol consumption 17, 64–88, 115
per capita reduction in 81
setting limits to 76–7, 81–2, 86
wider consequences of 76
Alcohol Education Centre 71
alcohol policy network 69
alcohol pricing 81–4, 87–8
Alcoholics Anonymous 179
alcoholism 68–9, 81
alternative therapies 6
altitude physiology 223–8, 232, 234
American Medical Association (AMA) 134, 141
amphetamines 230–1, 241
‘Andean man’ 220
Antarctica 220, 236, 239–40
anthropology 315–16, 319–28
antidepressants 6
Apple, Rima 132, 136
Armstrong, David 34
artistic work 295, 296, 302–5
astronauts, recruitment of and support for 220, 228
Atkins, Robert (and the Atkins diet) 131, 138–42, 146–9
audio recordings 164–5
audio-visual forms of education 116–17
Australia 237
autonomic nervous system 166
Babbitt, Alan 303
Bader Committee 202–7
balance
between the interests of the individual, the family and the state 11–12, 104, 275
between public and private interests 87–8
between safety and commercial concerns 210
conceptions of 2–4, 8, 10, 13–16, 21–2, 34, 54, 110, 145–6, 149, 159, 241–2, 274, 315, 326, 334
and fatigue 192
in health education 64, 70, 77, 97, 104–6
and homeostatic regulation 231
in the human body 137
individualisation of responsibility for 325
link with relaxation and stress 159
in medical treatments 4–7
in micro and macro worlds 221
of nature 8–9
as the pathway to health 127–9, 150
physiological and psychological 5, 6, 7–8, 13, 35–8, 40, 45, 48, 52–4, 149, 174, 251–2, 258–9, 276, 290
pursuit of 10–11, 17–20
research on 219–20, 235
in research 229, 237–8
of risk 118
as a scientific calculation 103
in terms of both diet and exercise 97, 117–18
therapeutic 37, 299–300, 304–5
within and between duty cycles 205–8
for women 239–40, 263
Balance (journal) 5, 48
‘balanced self’ concept 314–15
Beck, Ulrich 129, 264, 267, 273
Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth 264, 267, 273
Bernard, Claude 222
Berridge, Virginia 40, 96
biofeedback technology 165–6, 177, 180
biology, new understandings of 328
Black Report (1980) 112
blood circulation 232
blood doping 227
blood packing and blood transfusions 231
Boas, Franz 23, 315, 317, 320–1, 324
body image 96
Bowhill Working Party 195–204
Bradford Hill, Austin 66
British Airline Pilots Association (BALPA) 197–9, 208
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 163–4
British Diabetic Association (BDA) 17, 33, 38, 47–50, 53–4
British Medical Journal 113, 173–4
‘burnout’ 20, 193, 204
Canguilhem, Georges 7
Cannon, Walter 5, 10, 129, 159, 324
Carlsson, Arvid 289–90, 296–7
cassette tapes 165
Central Office of Information (COI) 106–9
Charcot, Jean Martin 288–9, 293
childhood as a key period 113–14
China 2
circadian rhythms 201–2, 205, 242
citizenship, social 104
Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) 200–1, 206–8
civil aviation industry 20, 191–3, 200–2, 206–7
economic considerations in 196–9
class divisions 44, 52, 177–8
‘climatic aggression’ 234
cold, adaptation to 235–7, 240
collectivism 198, 209
commercialisation of the language of balance 6
Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (COMA) 98–9, 107
commodification of health 146, 150
compensatory mechanisms of the body 232–3
Confidential Human Factors Incident Reporting Programme (CHIRP) 208–9
Conservative Party 111–12, 198
consumerism 96–7, 100, 128
coronary heart disease (CHD) 98–9, 107–8, 116
correspondence courses 169
creativity and creative artists 296, 300–4
culture
anthropological concept of 316–17
construction of 327
and nature 329–30
Denning Committee (1946) 265–6
Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) 78–86, 99, 106, 116
Department of Trade 84
determinants of ill-health 67–8, 76, 118
diabetes, its treatment and management 16, 33–40, 45–8, 51–3, 148
diet 97–100, 104, 107, 115–17, 237–8
Dimbleby, Jonathan 112–14
divorce 264–8
documentaries 97, 106–7, 110
Doll, Richard 66
dopamine treatments 286–304
drink driving 68
early childhood experiences 320–1
eating patterns 128
ecological stability 9–10
emotional balance 5, 22, 34, 49–54, 174, 182, 260, 262, 271, 294
emotional health 204
emotional stress 239
‘empty nest syndrome’ 257
environmental pressures 8–9, 221
epidemiology 69, 95–8, 115, 176
epigenetics 330–2
erectile dysfunction 73
Erikson, Erik 257
Everest (mountain) 225, 227, 240
expeditionary fieldwork 222, 229
expert committees 98–9
extreme environments 20–1, 219–20, 224–6, 229, 233, 237–42
extreme physiology 222, 225, 232–5, 238–40
family relationships 264–7, 271–3
fatigue
acute or cumulative 199–200, 207, 210, 224
affecting airline crew 190–7, 202–5, 209
assessment of 201–2
definition of 192–3
medication against 230
responsibility for management of 196–200, 209–10
social consequences of 210
at work 194–5
fats, saturated and unsaturated 99–100
feminism 12, 252–3
film 97, 106–8, 117, 175
flight time limitation 192, 195–210
Flight Time Limitations Board (FTLB) 206–7
Food and Drug Agency (FDA) 148
food preferences and beliefs 104
foodways 130
‘forty-phobia’ 255–6
Foucault, Michel 11, 14, 65, 142, 181, 321, 328
Framingham Heart Study 98
Freud, Sigmund (and Freudian theory) 6, 13, 250, 320–1
Gaia hypothesis 9–10
Galen and Galenic tradition 64, 129, 138
gendered constructions 43–4, 96–7, 100, 108, 241, 253, 255, 257, 262–3
genomics 331
geriatrics 251
governmentality 12–13, 132, 142, 160–1
group relaxation classes 167, 177
Gullette, Margaret Morganroth 255, 257
Hacking, Ian 14, 321
haemodilution 231
Haldane, J. S. and J. B. S. 230, 240
harmony 128
Hauser, Gayelord 131–5, 139, 144, 147–9, 262, 274–5
The Health Divide (1987) 112
health education 64–71, 79–84, 87, 95–100, 110–11, 116–18, 162–3, 176–7
Health Education Council (HEC) 17, 66, 70–3, 76, 79–80, 86, 95–111, 112, 117–18
health education campaigns in North East England (1974–81) 70–9
‘Look After Your Heart’ campaign (1987) 111, 114
‘Look After Yourself’ campaign (1978) 95, 99–110, 114, 117–18
health warnings on packaging 82–3
‘healthism’ 67
healthy eating and healthy living 18–19, 97, 107, 127–8, 132–3, 146–7, 177
Hippocratic tradition 8, 129
Hobsbawm, Eric 1–2, 128
homeostasis 3, 9, 10, 129, 145, 159, 221–2, 226, 231–6
research on 224, 229, 235
Human Genome Project 331
hunger 145
ideologies 97
imbalances and their impacts 16
immersive fieldwork 317–18
imperial hierarchies and imperialism 1, 11, 43–4, 229, 318, 334
individualism and individualisation 3, 106, 117, 149, 264, 267, 274, 325–6, 335
individuals’ responsibility for their healthcare 7, 10–12, 18–19, 40, 41–3, 54, 65, 67, 96, 110, 114–18, 128, 141–4, 149, 167, 181, 198, 210, 241, 325–6
individuation, Jung's concept of 251
inequalities in health 110–15, 118
insulin and insulin therapy 36–41, 46, 49
International Physiological Expedition to Antarctica (INPHEXAN) 220, 236, 240
Inuit people 241–2
investigative journalism 110–11
Jacobson, Edmund 159, 165–7, 170, 177, 180
Japan 257–8
Jaques, Elliott 250–7, 264, 270–5
‘jet lag’ 205
Jung, Carl 251, 257
‘junk food’ 115
Kallang Airport crash (1954) 190–2
ketosis and ketonuria 34, 36, 38, 41, 57n.30, 139, 148–9
Labour Party 12
L-DOPA 286–304
Ledermann, Sully (and Ledermann thesis) 69, 80–2
‘life begins at 40’ 260–1
life expectancy 253, 255
liver cirrhosis 68–9
Lock, Margaret 255, 257
low-cost airlines 207–8
‘McDonaldization of culture’ 128
‘malleable humanity’ 23, 315–30
marathon running 221, 225
Marmot, Michael 174
marriage guidance 253, 258, 266–74
masculinity 43–5, 52, 104, 140, 198, 240
Mead, Margaret 23, 315–21, 326, 331
media techniques 96, 116–17
Medical Council on Alcoholism 71
Medical Officer of Health (MOH) 69
medication against fatigue 230
menopause 253, 257, 263–4, 268
mental illness 6–8
midlife crisis 21–2, 250–75
as a social event 273
milieu intérieur and milieu extérieur 222–4, 242
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) 80, 84, 144
mood disorders and mood stabilisers 6–7
Morris, Jerry 66–7
mortality rates 103, 108, 113–16
narcissism 269–70, 274
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), US 228
National Health Service (NHS), UK 40, 46, 69, 99, 111–12, 118, 173, 267
National Marriage Guidance Council, UK 268–71
Nationwide (television programme) 163
‘natural laboratories’ 224, 236, 242
Nazi concentration camps 228–9
neo-liberalism 3, 15, 54, 142, 209
neuroscience 329–32
New Historicism 322–3
New Right 112, 200
nutrition and nutritional policy 97–100
‘nutritionism’ 133
obesity 18–19, 67, 95–100, 106–10, 117, 130–1, 143
in childhood 113–14
on film 106–7
overwork 194
oxygen deficiency 222–3, 230–1
Parkinson's Disease 14, 22, 286–305
‘Parkinson's personality’ 22, 290–3, 304
Pauling, Linus 131, 136–8, 144–9
performance-enhancing substances 230
physiological perspectives on clinical medicine 35, 38, 40, 45, 48, 52–4
Pitkin, Walter B. and Walter Jr 260–3
polycythaemia 226–7, 232
population growth 9
postmodernism 323–4
preventive medicine 99, 104, 107, 116
psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory 250–1, 320–1
psychological management 45–8, 51–4
public discussion, need for 82–6
public health policy 64–70, 87–8, 95–7, 100–1, 104–6, 115–17, 234
population-level approaches to 96
public information films 97, 106, 117
race 12, 30n.72, 43–4, 233–7, 241–2, 247n.62, 255, 319, 320–1, 327
radio broadcasts 163
rational decision-making 13, 14, 30n.72, 67, 79, 81, 143–4, 145, 240
Redlands (advertising agency) 76, 78
regulation 7, 10, 13–14, 20
in civil aviation 201, 204–10
relaxation
role in achieving equanimity 262
Relaxation for Living (charity) 165–72, 179
relaxation techniques 19–20, 158–69, 174, 177–8, 181–2
differential 177
for men 168
wider benefits from 164–5
relaxation therapy 170, 172, 175
relaxation training 169–73, 176–82
main aim of 180
research into the efficacy of 173
‘relaxometer’ device 166–7
risk 18, 96–7, 103–6, 115–18, 129–30
Royal College of Physicians 99
Royal College of Psychiatrists 77, 86–7
Royal Commission on Marriage and Divorce (1956) 265–6, 271
Royal Geographical Society 238–9
Russia 182
Saatchi & Saatchi (advertising agency) 71–6, 101
schizophrenia 2, 290
self-care 33–5, 39–44, 48–9, 52–4, 148–9, 167, 326
self-experiments 239–40
self-help literature 8, 16–19, 127–33, 141–50, 164, 169, 175, 251, 253, 258–63, 270, 274
in Russia 182
societal benefits from 145
selfhood 11–16, 23, 66, 87–8, 96–7, 110, 118, 127, 130, 133, 149, 181, 324, 327–9, 334
plastic 318
self-regulation 7, 11–12, 43, 87–8, 96, 99–100, 115–17, 129, 133, 166, 176, 241, 325, 335
in civil aviation 200, 206, 209–10
Selye, Hans 10, 129, 159–60, 176, 221
‘sensible drinker’ policy 65–6, 77–9, 83–8
Sheffield 111–13
Sherpa people 221, 226, 229–30, 240–1
smoking 114–16
Sno-Cats 238
social construction 320, 327
social determinants of health 67–8, 76
Staines air crash (1972) 201
state, the
intervention by 12, 54, 136, 176–7, 193, 194, 198, 208–10, 213n.42
role and interests of 3, 7, 11–12, 12–13, 40, 67, 82, 96, 104–6, 117, 142
welfare 7, 40, 43–4, 99, 111, 129, 141–2, 326
sterilisation, forced 331
Stopes, Marie 268–70
stress and stress management 7–8, 10, 145, 159–62, 168, 173, 176–7, 182, 204, 220–1, 228, 239
target groups 79
Tavistock Clinic 252, 267, 271–2
Tavistock Institute of Human Relations 250
taxation 69–70, 83–5
‘technologies of the self’ (Foucault) 11, 142, 181, 328
television 110, 163
temperance movement 68
thalidomide 174
Thatcher, Margaret 8, 88, 193
Thatcherism 111, 209
Thomson, Mathew 13
tranquillisers 174–5
Treasury, the 84
Truslow Adams, James 260
twentieth-century extremes 1, 3
Understanding Stresses and Strains (film) 158, 160, 176
United States 15, 19–22, 194–5, 239, 252, 265–6, 273–4, 286
vaccination 65
Valium 174, 180
visual images 71–6, 96–7, 100–5, 110, 113, 117, 158, 295, 303
vitamin C 136–8, 145–9
white adult male (taken as the norm) 43, 219–22, 226, 240–1
Woman's Hour (radio programme) 163
women
denied access to extreme spaces 220
extreme physiology 225–6
participation in expeditions 239
research on and by 239–41
work 38, 40, 45, 46, 48, 49, 112, 114, 177–8, 192–3, 194–5, 200, 204, 234, 242, 253, 259, 261, 262, 263, 270, 273, 290
working days, length of 190–2, 198, 201
working hours, regulation of 194–5
work‒life balance 3, 7, 203–4, 205, 254, 262
World Health Organization 67, 180
You and Yours (radio programme) 163–4
Zellweger, Renée 140
‘zero balancing’ 5–6

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Balancing the self

Medicine, politics and the regulation of health in the twentieth century

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