When the modern was too new
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology

This chapter discusses the Swedish reception of two articles that Rydh wrote after contact with French international research. We meet Hanna Rydh in the 1920s when she was establishing her position as an archaeologist. She had to navigate a male-oriented discipline, even though the archaeological scene was not explicitly homogeneous. Other Nordic countries, and to some extent Mediterranean and other European countries, were linked by scholarly discussions. However, few thematic meetings took place between Scandinavians and non-Scandinavians and few Scandinavians developed theoretical approaches, except for theories about culture and people. In these articles Rydh used Durkheimian ideas, for example that manifestations of group or community life may be connected to a more general social order, and that social structure and organisation can be observed and maintained on different levels in social life. At that time, such thinking was unusual within Swedish archaeology, and Rydh probably got her inspiration at St-Germain-en-Laye. The harsh reception of the articles is discussed from perspectives of intersecting axes of power such as profession, gender and economy, relating these to various social clusters of which Rydh was a part.

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