For over five decades, the Cold War security agenda was distinguished by the principal strategic balance, that of a structure of bipolarity, between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This book seeks to draw from current developments in critical security studies in order to establish a new framework of inquiry for security in the Middle East. It addresses the need to redefine security in the Middle East. The focus is squarely on the Arab-Israeli context in general, and the Palestinian-Israeli context in particular. The character of Arab-Israeli relations are measured by the Israeli foreign policy debate from the 1950s to the 1990s. A dialogue between Islam and Islamism as a means to broaden the terrain on which conflict resolution and post-bipolar security in the Middle East is to be understood is presented. The Middle East peace process (MEPP) was an additional factor in problematizing the military-strategic concept of security in the Middle East. The shift in analysis from national security to human security reflects the transformations of the post-Cold War era by combining military with non-military concerns such as environmental damage, social unrest, economic mismanagement, cultural conflict, gender inequity and radical fundamentalism. By way of contrast to realist international relations (IR) theory, developing-world theorists have proposed a different set of variables to explain the unique challenges facing developing states. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East.
Atul Bhardwaj is a former Indian naval officer and an Honorary Research Fellow at City, University of London. He is also an Adjunct Fellow at the Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi. He holds a PhD in History from Ambedkar University, Delhi. He is the author of India-America Relations (1942–62): Rooted in the Liberal International Order (Routledge, 2019).
Nick Bisley is the Head of Humanities and Social Sciences and Professor of International Relations at La Trobe University, Australia.
Christopher K. Colley is an Assistant Professor at the National Defense College of the United Arab Emirates. His research focuses on the international relations and security of the Indo-Pacific with a particular focus on China and India. He holds a PhD in Political Science from Indiana University Bloomington and an MA in Chinese studies from Renmin University of China in Beijing.
Malcolm Cook is a Senior Fellow at the ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute in Singapore. Malcolm has worked in Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia and Singapore with a focus on regional security in East Asia.
Bruce Cumings is Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor in History, at the University of Chicago. He is the author of numerable books and articles, including The Origins of the Korean War, volumes one and two (Princeton University Press, 1981 and 1990) and Dominion from Sea to Sea: Pacific Ascendancy and American Power (Yale University Press, 2009).
Matteo Dian is an Assistant Professor at the University of Bologna, Italy. His work on US foreign policy in East Asia and Japanese and Chinese foreign policies appears in Pacific Review, International Relations and International Politics, among others. His most recent monograph is New Regional Initiatives in Chinese Foreign Policy: The Incoming Pluralism of Global Governance (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, with Silvia Menegazzi).
Sumit Ganguly is a Distinguished Professor of Political Science and holds the Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations at Indiana University, Bloomington. Professor Ganguly is also a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Peter Gries is the Lee Kai Hung Chair and founding Director of the Manchester China Institute, and Professor of Chinese politics at the University of Manchester. He is author of The Politics of American Foreign Policy: How Ideology Divides Liberals and Conservatives over Foreign Affairs (Stanford University Press, 2014) and China’s New Nationalism: Pride, Politics, and Diplomacy (University of California Press, 2004). He is also co-editor of State and Society in 21st Century China (Routledge, 2004) and Chinese Politics: State, Society and the Market (Routledge, 2010).
Christian Hansmeyer is one of the founding members of Greater Pacific Capital and a senior investment manager based in Shanghai. Previously, he worked in the investment banking division of Goldman Sachs.
Maryanne Kelton is Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the Jeff Bleich Centre for the US Alliance in Digital Technology, Security, and Governance at Flinders University of South Australia.
Börje Ljunggren is former Swedish Ambassador to China and Vietnam, and former Head of the Asia Department of the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Swedish International Development Agency. He is an Associate of the Asia Center at Harvard University and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs, and author of Den Kinesiska Drömmen – Xi, Makten Och Utmaningarna (The Chinese Dream – Xi, Power and Challenges, Hjalmarson & Högberg, 2017).
Michael Mastanduno is Nelson Rockefeller Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His recent work on international relations theory and US foreign policy has appeared in Security Studies and British Journal of Politics and International Relations.
Prashanth Parameswaran is a Fellow at the Wilson Center’s Asia Program and senior editor at The Diplomat magazine based in Washington, DC. His work on Southeast Asia, Asian security issues, and US foreign policy in the Asia Pacific has appeared in a range of publications in the United States and in Asia.
Inderjeet Parmar is Professor of International Politics and Head of the Department of International Politics at City, University of London. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FAcSS) and a former president of the British International Studies Association. His latest book is Foundations of the American Century: Ford, Carnegie, and Rockefeller Foundations in the Rise of American Power (Columbia University Press, 2012).
Ketan Patel is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Greater Pacific Capital and was previously a Managing Director at Goldman Sachs. His career spans industry, consulting and investment banking. He is the author of The Master Strategist (Arrow Books, 2011).
Zac Rogers is Research Lead at the Jeff Bleich Centre for the US Alliance in Digital Technology, Security, and Governance at Flinders University of South Australia. His research combines a traditional grounding in national security, intelligence, and defence with emerging fields of social cyber security, digital anthropology and democratic resilience.
Robert Sutter is Professor of Practice of International Affairs at the Elliott School of George Washington University. He has published 22 books, over 300 articles and several hundred government reports dealing with contemporary East Asia and relations with the United States.
Oliver Turner is a Lecturer of International Relations at the University of Edinburgh, UK. His work on US and wider Western power and policies in Asia appears in his monograph, American Images of China: Identity, Power, Policy (Routledge, 2014), and peer-reviewed journals including European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies, Third World Quarterly and Geopolitics.