This chapter argues that the Third World in general, and Africa in particular, are becoming more and more important components in the European Union's (EU) efforts to develop into a significant international player. It includes a separate discussion of the role of the mass media because the media is supposed to play a unique role in encouraging political reactions to humanitarian emergencies. The chapter deals with aspects of the foreign and security policy that relate to development and crisis management. It describes the external actions of the Union as the outcome of a number of bargaining and decision-making processes, which take place both in the individual member states and in Brussels. The chapter assumes that a thorough understanding of Europe's Africa policy has to be founded on an analysis of the national interests of individual member states.
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualised. The question of individual liberty and collective needs raises an equally important anarchist principle: equating the means of an action with its ends. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements. It assesses the viability of libertarian education, a century on from the life and work of Spanish writer and activist Francisco Ferrer and finds considerable evidence for the endurance of these ideals.
This chapter illustrates the importance of broadening the understanding of social anarchism. Social anarchism has shifted its ground as it has embraced some elements of poststructuralist philosophy. This shift in territory from social to poststructuralist anarchism is most noticeable and particularly important at two levels of theory. The first, and the one that underscores the others, is the poststructuralist denunciation of foundationalist discourses or narratives. The second shift in theoretical territory is less pronounced but nonetheless real. The chapter suggests that, when situated alongside the practices of new social movements associated with the anticapitalist protests, the poststructuralist perspective affords insight into how new modes of anarchist practice are emerging. It also highlights how anarchist theory and practice is evolving into something distinct and is, at the same time, nurturing contemporary modes of resistance against traditional social, political and economic forms of oppression.