Index
in Female imperialism and national identity

Index

Abyssinian Crisis 79
adoption 21
of military bases 97
of ships 978
Advisory Committee on Reconstruction 104
Africa 150, 155
African Americans 38, 63
airports 136
Alberta Royal Commission on Child Welfare (1948–49) 21
see also IODE Study of Welfare in Alberta (1947)
Alert Service 1389
alerts pamphlets 138, 140
Alessio, Dominic 36, 81
Altrusa International 140
Amery, Leo 55, 75, 79, 92
Anderson, Benedict 4, 15
Anderson, Kay 4, 37
Angas, Edith 103
Annapolis Valley 83
anti-Catholicism 27, 114
Anti-German League 467
see also Germany
Apex Hill 156
Argyle IVth Chapter 32
Arnoldi, Joan 79
Art Gallery of Ontario Volunteers’ Committee 30
Asians 38, 63, 173
assimilation 3, 32, 33, 3642, 5471, 93, 115, 160, 174, 177
of indigenous peoples 149, 150, 157
Atlantic National Exhibition (ANE) 174
atomic weapons 130, 132, 141
Atwood, Margaret 175
Australia 17, 133, 178
child migration to 57
Bacchi, Carol Lee 39, 48
Baker Lake 154, 156
Banff 83
Barber, Marilyn 39, 41, 57, 62
barn dances 157
beauty
contests 23
and health of schoolgirls 82
see also fashion
Beaverbrook Hotel, Fredericton 24
Bell, Morag 39, 82
Bennett, R. B. 92
Berger, Carl 5, 16
Bhabha, Homi 3
biculturalism 172
see also bilingualism; French Canada
Bidder, Betty 78, 81, 83, 84
bilingualism 94, 172
see also biculturalism; French Canada
bingo 175
Blitz, the 99, 103
Bollert, Mary 20, 27, 105, 117, 177
Bollingbrooke bomber 101, 102
Bolshevik Revolution 65
Bonaventure Station, Montreal 63
books 136
for the north 160
for troops 99101
see also education
Borden, Robert 49
Boulton, Constance 56, 67
Boulton, D’Arcy 18
Boulton, James 18
Boy Scouts 16, 168
British democratic values 85, 129, 141, 143, 144
British Museum 116
British North America Act 67
British Oversea League 92
‘British stock’ 60, 78, 81, 88, 133
see also climate; race
British Women’s Emigration Association 22, 60
British Women’s Patriotic League 61
Brown, C. L. 143
Brown, Muriel 86
Buckner, Phillip 5
Burnham, Mary 59
bursaries for children of war dead 11011
see also IODE, Second War Memorial; War Memorial Scholarships
Burton, Antoinette 10
Bush, Julia 16, 22, 48, 60
Butcher, Pamela 85
Cambridge University 115, 116, 118
Canada
human rights 150
on the world stage 129, 133, 150, 151
canadiana 8, 100
Canadian Association of Scientific Workers 130
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) 140, 141
Canadian Chamber of Commerce 122
Canadian Civil Defence College, Arnprior, Ontario 142, 143
Canadian Club 23, 30
Canadian Communist Federation (CCF) 100
Canadian Constitution 7
repatriation of 171
Canadian Council for the Immigration of Women (CCIW) 59
Canadian Council on Child Welfare 21, 57
Canadian Federation of University Women (CFUW) 1, 20, 117, 118
Canadian flag 7, 157, 171, 174
Canadian House of Commons 105
Canadian immigration laws 38, 54, 75
canadianization 5, 11, 40, 5474, 132, 134, 169, 177
Canadian Multiculturalism Act (1988) 160
Canadian National Exhibition (CNE) 76, 85
Canadian north 11, 14964
economic and resource potential of 1535, 157
Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) 4, 94
Canadian Peace Congress 132
Canadian Scene 135
Canadian Scottish Chapter 32
Canadian Suffrage Association 49
Canuck, Janey 70
Captain Cook Chapter 32
Carr, Emily 32
Carrothers, W. A. 62
Carter, Phyllis 85
Catholicism see Roman Catholicism
Cavell, Edith 47
child migration 57
Children’s Aid Society, Toronto 18
Chilliwack, British Columbia 87
Chinese 7
immigration 64
see also Asians
Christ’s Hospital 84
Christianity 129, 140, 161, 173, 174
Christmas 64, 160, 175
Church of England Council of Empire Settlement 79
cigarettes 94, 102
citizenship 4, 8, 70, 81, 100, 135, 155, 173, 174, 177, 178
courts 137, 163
naturalization greeting cards and certificates 138, 139, 152
civil defence 140, 1424, 176
class 27, 41, 60, 78, 834, 158, 179
within membership 30, 32, 173
Cleverdon, Catherine 49
climate 39, 42, 82, 83, 155
see also race
clothing 97, 98, 136, 156, 173
see also fashion; fur; gloves
Cold War 12248
Colonial Intelligence League 60
comics and cartoons 122, 129, 141
Commonwealth, British 142, 151, 152, 169, 177
devolution 123, 125
Communism 11, 66, 12248, 177
and the Church 132
compulsory military service 46
Connaught, Duchess of 44
conscientious objectors 49
conscription 49
conservatism 8, 122, 123, 126, 142, 143, 177
and feminism 48, 177
Constantine, Stephen 55
constitutional monarchy 125, 126, 138, 170
see also monarchy
contact zone 10, 83
Conway, John 126
Cook, Captain James 32
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 38
Council of Canadian-Soviet Friendship 131
counter-Reformation Catholicism 125
Craw, Ethel 65
Crerar, Mrs P. D. 46
cult of domesticity 9, 21, 70
see also spheres, public and private
Currie, Arthur (General/Sir) 46, 67
Darwin, Charles 38
Daughters of the American Revolution 2, 22
Daughters of the British Empire (USA) 18
Daughters of the Empire Historical Library 112
Davin, Anna 10, 36, 81
Dawson, Michael 4
democracy 85, 122, 123, 125, 126
see also citizenship
Denmark 151
Department of Citizenship and Immigration 136
Department of Immigration and Colonization 63
Department of National Defence 99
Depression, the Great 79, 88, 91, 92
Diefenbaker, John 150
displaced persons 1325
Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line 153, 154, 156
domestic labour 11, 57, 58, 62, 85, 132
see also women’s work
Dominions 55, 168, 179
see also white settler societies
dominion status 3
Doukhobors 66
Drummond, Lady 43
Dubinsky, Karen 4, 9, 83
Duncan, British Columbia 84
Eaton family 25, 27
Echoes 7, 19, 256, 80
Edinburgh University 115, 116
Edmonton Journal 140
education 67, 789, 87, 934, 11119, 159, 164, 176
egalitarianism 31, 179
Elizabeth Tudor Chapter 32, 59, 110
Elshtain, Jean Bethke 46
Emily Carr Chapter 32
Empire Club 30
Empire Settlement Act (1922) 55, 56, 57, 58, 62, 92
empire unity 16, 17, 19, 45, 61, 85, 7880, 88, 175
English
language 66, 134
lessons 94, 137, 163
equipment 157, 158, 160
eugenics 37, 39, 62, 63, 82
Euston Station 75
Fairclough, Ellen 27, 151
family values 123, 125, 142, 174
fascism 130, 138
fashion 23, 26, 82, 83, 175, 179
see also clothing
feminism 58, 176, 177
and patriotism 105
see also conservatism
Finns 65, 132
First World War 4250, 85, 95, 127, 176
Fitzgibbon, Agnes 41
Fitzgibbon Chapter 41
Fletcher, Audrey 83
food 83, 84, 136, 160, 163, 169, 175
Fort Champlain 86
Francis, Daniel 4, 112
Franklin, M. 61, 92
French Canada 34, 49, 67, 152, 172, 177
see also biculturalism; bilingualism
Frobisher Bay 154, 155, 156
fur 98, 138, 156
see also clothing; fashion
Fussell, Paul 108
Galt, M. 82
Galton, Frederick 39
garden parties 179
geography 3, 789
Germany 46, 47, 151
see also Anti-German League
Gibson, Lady 43
Gill, Alan 57
Gillett, Margaret 18
Girl Guides 16, 23, 159, 168
Girls’ Friendly Society 1, 22, 58, 92
gloves 156, 168, 173
see also clothing; fashion
Gooderham, Mrs A. E. 27, 43, 44, 45, 49
Gooderham family 27
Gordon, Wilhelmina 26, 27, 105, 111, 114, 116, 117, 118
Gothard, Janice 62
Gouzenko, Igor 130
Gouzenko Affair 130
Gramsci, Antonio 4
Gray, Mrs C. E. 137
Great Depression see Depression
Greenhill, Pauline 37, 38
Grenfell, W. 150
grief 45, 96
Grier, Margaret 58, 59
Guild of Loyal Women of South Africa (GLWSA) 2, 16, 109
Hall, Catherine 37
Halstead, M. 137
Hamilton, Constance 48, 49
Hamilton, Mrs G. L. 136
Happy Valley–Goose Bay 159
Hargreaves, M. 92
Harney, Robert 133
harvest thanksgiving 86
Hawkins, Freda 150, 151
health 82, 176
hegemonic identity 37, 168, 169, 173, 177
hegemony 3, 4, 5, 88, 178
heritage 23, 30, 91, 134, 141
Hill, C. Bruce 122
Hitler, Adolf 103, 128
Hobsbawn, Eric 4
Hodgson, Stuart M. 158
home
and canadianization 6970
concepts of 68, 103, 127, 143, 153
homosexual persecution 130
Hong Kong 119
Horkins, M. 96, 97, 103
hostels 41, 58, 59
Hotel Georgia, Vancouver 20
Hotel Vancouver 20, 24
Hudson’s Bay Company 87
Hungarian immigrants 32, 134
Hungarian Uprising 134
Huntington, Ellsworth 39
Iacovetta, Franca 132
immigrants 32, 56, 92, 132, 151, 169
and communism 1325
immigration 11, 3642, 5471, 88, 915, 1328, 14952, 1624, 177
Immigration Act (1947), 133
imperial curriculum 20, 66, 93, 11517, 179
see also education
Imperial Oil Limited 30
Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC) 110
India 18, 19, 150, 151, 155, 173
indigenous
art 161
autonomy 164
peoples 149, 15262
International Council of Women 47
internment, of Aliens and Japanese during the Second World War 1012
IODE
calendar 94, 106 (n.14)
outside of Canada 17, 18, 61
Second War Memorial 11219
Study of Welfare in Alberta (1947) 21
Ireland 133
Italian 7
Jasper Park 83
Jennings, M. 135
Jesus Christ 129
Jews 32, 38, 173
Johnson, Hewlett 131
Johnson, Pauline 32
Jon Sigurdsson Chapter 32
Kaiser-I-Hind Chapter 18
Keane, Sheila 83
Kennedy, Dane 92
Kertland, May 25
King, Beatrice 78, 80, 84, 87
King, Mackenzie 133
knitting 45, 98, 159, 160, 162
Korea 150
Kreem, Robert 136
labour
agricultural 62, 133
unskilled 65
see also immigration; women’s work
Labrador 15862
Labrador Voluntary Education League 150
Ladies’ Club of Toronto 30
Lake Louise 83
Lamb, Marjorie 138, 140
Lee, Gregory 131
Leggett, M. 157
Light, Alison 82
Livingstone, David 39
Lloyd, Genevieve 42, 43
London School of Economics 115, 116, 118
Lord Beaverbrook Aircraft Fund 101
MacKenzie, John 19, 23, 80
MacLaren, Angus 39, 40
Macmillan, Cyrus 87
MacPhail, Agnes 105
Maddrell, Avril 78, 79
Mangan, John 66
Manitoba College 119
Martell, James Stuart 116
masculinity 85, 175, 179
maternal
identity 19, 21, 36, 42, 43, 46, 68, 88, 91, 956, 170, 178, 179
politics 124, 127, 128
sacrifice 96, 97, 105
see also sacrifice
matrons 63
May, Elaine Tyler 123, 142
McClintock, Anne 9, 109
McCurdy, P. 124
McGibbon, Pauline 27, 30
McGill University ix, 15, 87, 113, 118
McKinney, Louise 105
media 68, 80, 140, 141
membership 2333, 167
within family 30, 31, 33
memorialization 11, 10821, 169, 177
Memorial Silver Cross Chapter 32
Mennonites 66
Michener, M. 158
Miller, Bertha (Mrs F. L.) 141
Miller, Carman 16, 33 (n.5)
Mills, Sara 10
Milner, Alfred 92
Ministry of Labour (UK) 60
Minto, Lady 18, 44
Misener, Geneva 117
Mitchie, M. 144
modernity 82, 868
modernization 157, 169, 170
Molson, Mrs Herbert 43
monarchy, 6, 7, 16, 64, 67, 85, 93, 170, 175, 177
see also constitutional monarchy
Morgan, Cecilia 9, 30
Morocco 119
Mosley fascist group 131
motherhood 81, 96, 105, 127
see also maternal, identity
Mud Lake 161
multiculturalism 7, 94, 163
Murray, Margaret Clark 15, 16, 17, 18, 24, 31, 178
national anthem 20, 85, 174
National Council of Women 1, 23, 47, 49
National Federation of Labour Youth 127
national headquarters 25, 98, 99
Native Chapter 32
native peoples 87
see also indigenous, peoples
nature 803, 103
Navy League 16, 58, 59, 63, 67, 92, 98
Nazism 130, 132
Nelson, Cicely M. 84, 87
Netherlands 151
New, M. 140
New Zealand 17, 119, 133, 178
Niagara Falls 4, 9, 77, 83
Nickel, W. F. 111
Nordheimer, Edith 18
Nordheimer, Samuel 18
Norman, Herbert 130
north 14964
descriptions of the landscape 149, 161, 162
Northwest Territories Court of Record 157
nuclear
shelter 142
war 128, 142
Nunavit 160
nursing 18, 44, 45, 47, 59
Oakes, Guy 140, 142
Okanagan Valley 86
Operation Lifesaver 144
Osler, M. 135, 143
Oversea League 22, 58
Oversea Settlement Committee of the Colonial Office 79
Oxford University 115, 116, 118
Pacific National Exhibition (PNE) 174
pageants 19, 20, 67
Pakistan 151
Palmer, Howard 38, 65
Parr, Joy 57
Passamaquoddy Chapter 137
Pateman, Carol 8
patriarchy 176, 177
patriotic
literature and citizenship 136, 137
pictures, lectures and libraries 67, 97
patriotic clubs 16, 22, 23, 62
patriotism 19, 66, 111, 174, 1769
Pauline Johnson Chapter 32
peace activism 129, 130
Peace Congress 131
peace tower, Parliament Buildings, Ottawa 85
Pease, Agnes Mary 25
Perry, Adele 9, 41
Person’s Case (1929) 105
Pierson, Ruth Roach 46, 104
population and fertility fears 62
pornography 100
ports 36, 63, 136
post-colonialism 35, 170
Pratt, Mary Louise 10
Primrose League 22
Prince Edward Island Chapter 20
Princess Alexandra Chapter, New Brunswick 68
Princess Patricia 44
professional women 97
protection of women 40, 59, 134
Protestant Federation of Patriotic Women 27
Protestantism 25, 27, 114
public and private spheres see cult of domesticity; spheres
PWSC Winnipeg 98
Queen’s University 27, 87, 111, 113, 118
Queen Elizabeth II 26, 85, 170
Queen Mary Coronation Hostel, Vancouver 41
Queen Victoria 15, 17, 20
race 11, 82, 93
and immigration 40, 1501
see also climate; eugenics
Ranger, Terence 4
RCMP Scarlets Chapter 32
Reagan, Ronald 171
Red Bay 160
Red Cross 1, 18, 49, 63, 67, 134
Red Glove reviews 20
refreshments 137, 163
refugees 133, 134
religious diversity 173
Remembrance Day 170
residential schools 159
Returned Servicemen’s Scheme 56
Rhodes Scholarship 115
Richmond, Anthony 138
Riley, Denise 9
Roberts, Barbara 56
Roberts, Wayne 43
Robinson, M. 156
Rocky Mountains 83
Roman Catholicism 27, 32, 173
Ross Rifles Chapter 32
Royal Bank of Canada 136
Royal Canadian Airforce 101, 102
Royal Canadian Legion 183
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) 4, 130
Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts (1951) 140
Royal Commonwealth Society 23, 168
Royal King George and Queen Mary Maple Leaf Club, London 44
Ruddick, Sara 46
Rupert Brooke Chapter 137
Ruskin, John 32
Ruskin Chapter 32
Rutherdale, Myra 9
sacrifice 55, 110
and heroism 109, 112
see also maternal, sacrifice
Said, Edward 4, 31, 65, 81, 112
Saint George Chapter 136
Saint Margaret of Scotland Chapter 32, 134
saints 3, 68, 175
Salvation Army 1, 22, 58, 59, 92
Samuel, Raphael 4
Save the Children Fund 25
Scandinavia 133
see also Finns
school
curriculum 789, 176
libraries 140
prizes for essays 175, 176
prizes in arts and literature 140
see also education; patriotic
schoolboy tours (1927–39) 79
schoolgirl tour (1928) 7580, 912, 104, 179
schoolgirl tours (1928–38) 79
Seaman’s mission, Saint John, 98
Second World War 91, 95106, 127, 143, 176
Secord, Laura 9, 30
secularization of society 168
segregation 65, 66
Semmel, Bernard 55
sense of power 5, 16, 169
Shakespeare, William 87
Sherbourne House Club, Toronto 20
Sherbrooke Municipal Chapter 152
Sifton, Clifford 40
Silver Cross Chapter, Ottawa 110
Smith, Denis 130
Smith, Mrs George H. 65, 66
snowmobiles 157
socialism 65
social purity 68
Society for the Oversea Settlement of British Women (SOSBW) 1, 17, 18, 59, 60, 61, 75, 78, 79, 80, 82
relationship with the IODE 912
Somalia 95
Sorabji, Susie 18
Sorbonne 140
South Africa 133, 178
South African Colonization Society 60
South Africa War 15, 38, 42, 44, 50, 109, 111, 167, 176
Spain 119
Special Joint Committee of the Senate and the House of Commons on the Constitution (1968) 170
spheres, public and private 8, 21, 46, 58, 70, 75, 85, 123, 124, 142, 155, 176, 178
see also cult of domesticity
sport 175
Stanley Cup 175
St Catharine’s Standard 131
St George Chapter 40
St Helena’s School 18
St Laurent, Louis 131
St Peter’s Anglican Church, Ottawa 131
Strong-Boag, Veronica 21, 82
substance abuse 159, 162
suffrage, women’s 489, 105, 107 (n.57), 1234, 177
‘surplus’ British women 5761
Talbot, Meriel 61
Taylor, Griffith 39
tea cups, 137
tea parties 767, 137, 179
see also refreshments
Tester F. and P. Kulchyski 155
Thompson, Edith 79, 80, 82, 84, 86
Thompson, Laura (Mrs Graeme) 61, 62
Toronto Peace Council 131
Toronto Star 157
trade union movement 129, 130
train stations 63, 75, 136
transportation 84, 136
travel 1011
Travellers’ Aid Society 63
travel literature 10
tuberculosis 6, 19, 137
Tuktoyaktuk 154, 156
Ukrainians 7, 67
Union Jack 7, 16, 93, 136, 137, 157, 175
United Empire Loyalists 22, 26
United Nations 132, 151
United Nations Universal
Declaration of Human Rights 151
United States of America 91, 122, 126, 129, 13845, 171
University of Aberystwyth 115
University of Alberta 67, 118
University of British Columbia (UBC) 20, 27
University of Liverpool 115
University of London 115, 116, 118
University of Toronto 30, 87, 113, 118
Unknown Warrior Chapter 32
Upcher, Rosamund 85
Valverde, Mariana 37, 39, 59
Vance, Jonathan 109, 112
Vancouver News Herald 131
Vancouver Province 128
Van Horne, Lady 43
Victoria League 2, 16, 17, 22, 23, 61, 79, 92, 109, 168, 178
relationship with IODE 17, 18, 92, 178
Victorian Order of Nurses 18
war brides 1034
Ware, Vron 9, 19
war guests 103
War Memorial pictures 112
see also education; patriotism
War Memorial Scholarships 27, 67, 177
see also IODE, Second War Memorial
War Records Office, London 112
Wartime Elections Act (1917) 49
wedding dresses 1034
Weisbord, Merrily 129
welfare 176
West, Benjamin 112
West Indies 151
Whitaker, R. and Marcuse G. 129, 131, 141
white settler societies 4, 15, 19, 168, 169, 170, 178, 179
see also Dominions
Whitton, Charlotte 20, 21, 27, 57, 58, 59, 97, 105, 117
Williams, Raymond 5
Winter, Jay 108
Wolfe, General 86
women’s auxiliaries 105
Women’s Branch of the Oversea Settlement Department of the Colonial Office 60
see also Society for the Oversea Settlement of British Women (SOSBW)
Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) 22, 49, 92, 136
Women’s Division of the Department of Immigration 58, 59
women’s place in society 82, 95, 105, 144, 168, 170
Women’s Press Club 23
Women’s Travelling Scholarship (CFUW) 118
Women’s Welcome Hostel, Toronto 41
women’s work 45, 97, 142
charitable 176, 178, 179
with government 155
voluntary 58, 63, 136, 168
see also domestic labour; labour
Women Strike for Peace 128
Woodsworth, J. S. 38
Working Boys’ Home, Toronto, 18
world disarmament 132
world peace 123
Worthington, Major-General 143
wreaths, for war memorials 85, 109, 171
York Hotel, Toronto 24
Young, Iris Marion 7, 112
Young, Robert 37
Young Australian League 79
Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) 1, 22, 49, 58, 59, 67, 92, 136, 159, 183
youth 128
and communism 127
programmes in schools 141

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Female imperialism and national identity

The Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire

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