The European Union matters
Structuring self-made offers and demands
in Fifteen into one?

The evolution of European integration since 1950 has been considerable. The European Union (EU) has gained in stature, taking on and aspiring to new functions across the policy spectrum and challenging the conceptualisation of the evolving structure for joint problem-solving, deliberation and decision-making. This chapter investigates the legal output of the Council of Ministers, the European Parliament (EP) and the European Commission (EC) as dependent variables. It identifies fundamental trends in the 'demands' made by political actors to use or to refrain from using the EU's para-constitutional resources and opportunities. The chapter explores the long-term trends of the EC/EU system and the respective impacts on EC/EU policy-making in the Member States. It looks at the effective use of treaty provisions and also explores the real 'demand' for different procedural 'offers' or opportunity structures at hand.

Fifteen into one?

The European Union and its member states


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