Finland
Smooth adaptation to European values and institutions
in Fifteen into one?

Finland joined the European Union (EU) together with Austria and Sweden at the beginning of 1995. During the first years of membership the proper political and administrative machinery was created in Finland for the national handling and co-ordination of EU issues. The 'Europeanisation' of the Finnish political system has reinforced the political pressures towards a change in the division of powers at the highest political level. The prime minister, as the leader of Finnish EU policy, was given a new role in Finnish foreign policy on a par with the president. The 'Europeanisation' of administration and the huge increase in its international tasks is reflected in an increase of staff and the establishment of new administrative organs. This process has, somewhat surprisingly, been far more modest as far as other social and political actors are concerned.

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Fifteen into one?

The European Union and its member states

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