France
The European transformation of the French model
in Fifteen into one?

Many political scientists still like to switch to French studies today, because the case of France serves as an excellent ideal type. Indeed, France is often cited as an example when it comes to clashes of 'state-centric' national political systems with the pluralistic multi-level system that is the European Union. The characteristics of the 'French model' are: the centrality of the state in mediation procedures; specific forms of interest representation and a privileged place for the central state level to enforce and implement policies. Regarding the process of 'Europeanisation' at the politico-institutional level, today's France is an example of a quite successful transformation of governance. But if subsequent societal and cultural processes operate at the same speed, this may still be open to debate.

Fifteen into one?

The European Union and its member states

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