Thomas J.Butko is a sessional instructor at the University
of Alberta. His dissertation, focused on Islamic fundamentalism in
Palestine, was titled ‘Revelation or Revolution: A Gramscian Approach
to the Rise of Political Islam in Palestine’. His areas of interest
include Islamic fundamentalism, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and
Middle East politics.
Jonathan B.Isacoff is Visiting Assistant Professor at St.
Joseph’s University. He teaches and conducts research on
international security, historiography, the Arab–Israeli conflict,
and the global environment. He is currently working on a book project
examining historical interpretation and international relations theory.
Tami AmandaJacoby is a research fellow at the Centre for
Defence and Security Studies and assistant professor in the Department of
Political Studies at the University of Manitoba. She has published articles
on the Arab–Israeli conflict, women’s movements in the Middle
East, ethnic civil conflict, and Canadian foreign policy. A forthcoming book
deals with women’s organizing in zones of conflict.
Lenore G.Martin is professor and chair of the Department of
Political Science at Emmanuel College and Associate at the Weatherhead
Centre for International Affairs at Harvard University where she co-chairs
the Middle East Seminar. She is the author of The Unstable Gulf: Threats
from Within (Lexington Books, 1984) and the editor of New
Frontiers in Middle East Security (Palgrave, 2001). Her forthcoming
co-edited book, The Future of Turkish Foreign Policy, is being
published by MIT Press.
Brent E.Sasley is a doctoral candidate in political
science at McGill University. His research includes Middle East security
issues, Caspian Sea energy politics and international politics and
JeffreySosland has taught at Georgetown University,
George Washington University and the University of Missouri. He was also a
research and postdoctoral Fellow of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
BassamTibi is professor of international relations at
Georgia–Augusta University in Göttingen, Germany. His recent
books include Challenge of Fundamentalism (University of California
Press, 1998) and Islam Between Culture and Politics (Palgrave and St.
Martin’s Press, 2001).
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book considers security in relation to the political sector in terms of processes of democratization in the region and demands of new groups for wider and more meaningful access to political decision making. It establishes a theoretical context for redefining security in the Middle East by considering a range of concepts, debates and theories that have traditionally been absent from the field. The book provides an analytical model for redefining national security as a theory and as a practice in the post-Cold War era. It explores fundamental issues related to Islamophobia and the West, the relationship between Islam and democracy, and circumstances for groups and parties to gain political power and effect social change through indigenous tools and symbols.