Bibliography
in The international politics of the Middle East

Bibliography

Aarts, Paul (1994), ‘The New Oil Order: built on sand?’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 16:2, 1–12.

——(1999), ‘The Middle East: A region without regionalism or the end of exceptionalism?’, Third World Quarterly, 20:5, 911–25.

Abdalla, Ahmad (1991), ‘Mubarak’s gamble’, Middle East Report, 21:1, no. 168, January–February, 18–21.

Abdel-Fadil, Mahmoud (1997), ‘Macroeconomic tendencies and policy options in the Arab region’, in Laura Guazzone, ed., The Middle East in Global Change, London, Macmillan Press, 119–34.

Ahmad, Feroz (1993), The Making of Modern Turkey, London, Routledge.

Ajami, Fouad (1977–78), ‘Stress in the Arab Triangle’, Foreign Policy, 29, 90–108.

——(1981), The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice since 1967, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Allison, Graham and Morton Halperin (1972), ‘Bureaucratic politics: a paradigm and some policy implications’, World Politics, 24 (Supplement), 40–79.

Alnasrawi, Abbas (1991), Arab Nationalism, Oil and the Political Economy of Dependency, New York and London, Greenwood Press.

Amin, Samir (1978), The Arab Nation: Nationalism and Class Struggles, London, Zed Press.

Anderson, Lisa (1986), The State and Social Transformation in Tunisia and Libya, 1830–1980, Princeton, N J, Princeton University Press.

——(1987), ‘The state in the Middle East and North Africa’, Comparative Politics, 20:1.

——(1991), ‘Legitimacy, identity and the writing of history in Libya’, in E. Davis and N. Gavrielides, eds, Statecraft in the Middle East, Miami, Florida International University Press.

Aronoff, Myron J. and Yael S. Aronoff (1998), ‘Domestic determinants of Israeli foreign policy’, in Robert O. Freedman, ed., The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords, Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 11–34.

Ayoob, Mohammed (1995), The Third World Security Predicament, State Making, Regional Conflict and the International System, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press.

Ayubi, Nazih (1988), ‘Arab bureaucracies: expanding size, changing roles’, in A. Dawisha and I. W. Zartman, eds, Beyond Coercion: The Durability of the Arab State, London, Croom Helm, 14–34.

——(1995), Overstating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East, London, I. B. Taurus.

Ayubi, Shaheen (1994), Nasser and Sadat: Decision-Making and Foreign Policy, 1970–1972, Lanham, Maryland, NY, London, University Press of America.

Bahbah, Bishara (1991), ‘The crisis in the Gulf: why Iraq invaded Kuwait’, in Phyllis Bennis and Michel Moushabeck, eds, Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, New York, Olive Branch Press, 50–4.

Barber, Benjamin (1992), ‘Jihad v. McWorld’, Atlantic Monthly, March, 53–63.

Barnett, Michael (1993), ‘Institutions, roles and disorder: the case of the Arab states system’, International Studies Quarterly, 37:3, 271–96.

——(1995), ‘Nationalism, sovereignty, and regional order in the Arab states system’, International Organization, 49:3, 479–510.

——(1996–97), ‘Regional security after the Gulf war’, Political Science Quarterly, 111:4, 597–617.

——(1998), Dialogues in Arab Politics: Negotiations in Regional Order, New York, Columbia University Press.

Batatu, Hanna (1978), The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

——(1981), ‘Some observations on the social roots of Syria’s ruling military group and the causes of its dominance’, Middle East Journal, 35:3, 331–44.

——(1982), ‘Syria’s Muslim Brethren’, MERIP Reports, 12:9, no. 110, November–December, 12–20.

Battah, Abdullah and Yehuda Lukas (1988), eds, The Arab–Israeli Conflict: Two Decades of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Beblawi, Hazem and Giacomo Luciani (1987), The Rentier State, London, Croom Helm.

Berberoglu, Berch (1989), Power and Stability in the Middle East, London, Zed Books.

Bina, Cyrus (1993), ‘The rhetoric of oil and the dilemma of war and American hegemony’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 15:3, 1–20.

Brand, Laurie (1995), Jordan’s Inter-Arab Relations: The Political Economy of Alliance Making, New York, Columbia University Press.

Brecher, Michael (1972), The Foreign Policy System of Israel, London, Oxford University Press.

Brinton, Crane (1938), An Anatomy of Revolution, New York, Norton.

Bromley, Simon (1990), American Hegemony and World Oil: The Industry, the State System and the World Economy, Oxford, Polity Press.

——(1994), Rethinking Middle East Politics, Oxford, Polity Press.

Brown, L. Carl (1984), International Politics and the Middle East: Old Rules, Dangerous Game, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

——(1988), ‘The June 1967 war: a turning point?’, in Yehuda Lukas and Abdalla M. Battah, eds, The Arab–Israeli Conflict, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 133–46.

——, ed. (2001), Diplomacy in the Middle East: The International Relations of Regional and Outside Powers, London and New York, I. B. Tauris, 2001.

Bull, Hedley (1995), The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, Second edition, London, Macmillan Press.

Buzan, Barry (1991), ‘New patterns of global security in the twenty-first century’, International Affairs, 67:3, 246–7.

Calabrese, John (1994), Revolutionary Horizons: Regional Foreign Policy in Post-Khomeini Iran, New York and London, St. Martins/Macmillan.

Calvert, Peter (1986), The Foreign Policies of New States, Sussex, Wheatshift Books.

Cantori, Louis J. and Steven L. Spiegel (1970), The International Politics of Regions: A Comparative Approach, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 192–207.

Carley, Patricia (1995), Turkey’s Role in the Middle East, Washington, DC, US Institute of Peace.

Chatelus, Michel (1993), ‘From the mirage of rent to the burden of debt: adjustment and insecurity in Arab economies’, in B. Korany, P. Noble and R. Brynen, eds, The Many Faces of National Security in the Middle East, New York, Macmillan, 145–68.

Chaudhry, Kiren Aziz (1991), ‘On the way to the market: economic liberalization and Iraq’s invasion’, Middle East Report, 21:3, no. 170, 14–23.

——(1997) The Price of Wealth, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Chubin, Shahram (1994), Iran’s National Security Policy, Capabilities, Intentions, Impact, Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Clapham, Christopher (1977), Foreign Policymaking in Developing States, Westmead, Farnborough, Hants, Saxon House.

Clark, David, ‘The brilliant offer Israel never made; Guardian, 10 April, 2002.

Clawson, Patrick (1989), Unaffordable Ambitions: Syria’s Military Build-up and Economic Crisis, Washington, DC, Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Cobban, Helena (1991), The Superpowers and the Syrian–Israeli Conflict, New York, Praeger, The Washington Papers, no. 149.

Cordesman, Anthony H. (1984), The Gulf and the Search for Strategic Stability, Boulder, CO and London, Westview Press and Mansell Publishing.

Cottam, Richard (1979), Nationalism in Iran, Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press.

Cremeans, Charles (1963), The Arabs and the World: Nasser’s Arab Nationalist Policy, New York, Praeger.

Crystal, Jill (1991), Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar, New York and London, Cambridge University Press.

Darnovsky, Marcy, L. A. Kauffman and Billy Robinson (1991), ‘Warring stories: reading and contesting the New Order’, Socialist Review, 91:1

David, Steven (1991), ‘Explaining Third World alignment’, World Politics, 43:2, 233–56.

Dawisha, Adeed (1976), Egypt in the Arab World: The Elements of Foreign Policy, New York, Wiley.

——(1978a), ‘Syria Under Asad, 1970–1978: the centres of power’, Government and Opposition, 13:3, 341–54.

——(1978b), ‘Syria’s intervention in Lebanon, 1975–1976’, Jerusalem Journal of International Relations, 3:2–3, 245–64.

——(1979), Saudi Arabia’s Search for Security, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, Adelphi Papers, no. 158.

——(1990), ‘Arab regimes: legitimacy and foreign policy’, in Giacomo Luciani, ed., The Arab State, London, Routledge.

Dawisha, Adeed and I. William Zartman (1988), Beyond Coercion: The Durability of the Arab State, London, Croom Helm.

Dekmejian, R. Hrair (1971), Egypt under Nasir: A Study in Political Dynamics, Albany, State University of New York Press, 105–8.

Dessouki, Ali ad-Din Hillal (1982), ‘The new Arab political order: implications for the eighties’, in Malcolm Kerr and El Sayed Yassin, eds, Rich and Poor States in the Middle East, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 319–47.

——(1991) ‘The primacy of economics: the foreign policy of Egypt’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki, eds, The Foreign Policies of Arab States: The Challenge of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 156–85.

Devlin, John (1976), The Ba`th Party: A History from its Origins to 1966, Stanford, Hoover Institution Press.

——(1992), ‘Leadership style and oil policy: Syria and Iraq’, Energy Policy, November 1992, 1048–54.

Diab, Zuheir (1994), ‘Have Syria and Israel opted for peace?’, Middle East Policy, 3:2, 77–90.

Dorraj, Manochehr (1993), ‘Will OPEC survive?’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 15:4, 19–32.

Doyle, Michael (1995), ‘On the democratic peace’, International Security, 19:4.

Drysdale, Alasdair (1979), ‘Ethnicity in the Syrian officer corps: a conceptualization’, Civilisations, 29:3–4, 359–73.

Ehteshami, Anoushiravan (1995), After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic, London, Routledge.

——(1997), ‘Security structures in the Middle East: an overview’, in Haifaa Jawad, ed., The Middle East in the New World Order, London, Macmillan, 97–109.

Ehteshami, Anoushiravan and Raymond A. Hinnebusch (1997), Syria and Iran: Middle Powers in a Penetrated Regional System, London, Routledge.

Eickelman, Dale F. (1998), ‘From here to modernity: Ernest Gellner on nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism’, in John A. Hall, ed., The State of the Nation: Ernest Gellner and the Theory of Nationalism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 258–71.

El-Shazly, Nadia and Raymond Hinnebusch (2001), ‘The challenge of security in the post-Gulf war “Middle East System,”’ in Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami, eds, The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press, 71–90.

Evron, Yair (1973), Nations, Superpowers and Wars, London, Elek Books.

——(1987), War and Intervention in Lebanon: The Syrian–Israeli Deterrence Dialogue, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Fahmy, Ismail (1983), Negotiating for Peace in the Middle East, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Faour, Muhammed (1993), The Arab World after Desert Storm, Washington, DC, US Institute of Peace Press.

Farah, Tawfiq and Feisal Salam (1980), ‘Group affiliations of children in the Arab Middle East (Kuwait)’, Journal of Social Psychology, 111.

Farsoun, Samih (1991), ‘A new balance of forces’, Middle East Report, 21:1, 4–7.

Farsoun, Samih and Christina Zacharia (1995), ‘Class, economic change, and political liberalization in the Arab World’, in Rex Brynen, Bahgat Korany and Paul Noble, eds, Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab world, v. 1, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press, 261–80.

Frankel, Glenn (1991), ‘Lines in the sand’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 16–29.

Fuller, Graham (1997), ‘Turkey and the Middle East northern tier’, in Laura Guazzone, ed., The Middle East in Global Change, London, Macmillan Press, 43–57.

Galtung, Johan (1971), ‘A structural theory of imperialism’, Journal of Peace Research, 8:2, 81–98.

Gause, F. Gregory III (1991), ‘Revolutionary fevers and regional contagion: domestic structures and the export of revolution in the Middle East’, Journal of South Asian and Middle East Studies, 14:3, 1–23.

——(1992)’, Sovereignty, statecraft and stability in the Middle East’, Journal of International Affairs, 45:2, 441–67.

——(1994), Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States, New York, Council on Foreign Relations Press.

——(1997), ‘Arms supplies and military spending in the Gulf’, Middle East Report, 27:3, no. 204, July–September, 12–14.

George, David (1996), ‘Pax-Islamica: an alternative New World Order?’, in A. Sidahmad and A. Ehteshami, eds, Islamic Fundamentalism, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 71–90.

Gerges, Fawaz (1994), The Superpowers and the Middle East: Regional and International politics, 1955–1967, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Gerner, Deborah (1991), One Land, Two Peoples: The Conflict over Palestine, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Ghali, Boutrus Boutrus (1963), ‘The foreign policy of Egypt’, in J. E. Black and K. W. Thompson, eds, Foreign Policy in a World of Change, New York, Harper and Row.

Goldgeier, James M. and Michael McFaul (1992), ‘A tale of two worlds: core and periphery in the post-Cold War era’, International Organization, 46:2.

Graham-Brown, Sarah (1999), Sanctioning Saddam: The Politics of Intervention in Iraq, London, I. B. Taurus.

Green, Jerrold (1982), Revolution in Iran: The Politics of Countermobilization, New York, Praeger Publishers.

Guazzone, Laura (1997), The Middle East in Global Change: The Politics and Economics of Interdependence versus Fragmentation, London, Macmillan Press.

Guerrieri, Paulo (1997), ‘Globalism and regionalism in the world economy and the Middle East’, in Laura Guazzone, ed., The Middle East in Global Change, London, Macmillan Press, 153–73.

Hagopian, Elaine (1997), ‘Is the peace process a process for peace? A retrospective analysis of Oslo’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 19:3, 1–28.

Halliday, Fred (1988), ‘The great powers and the Middle East’, Middle East Report, 18:2, no. 151, March–April, 3–6.

——(1991), ‘The crisis of the Arab world’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 395–401.

——(1994), Rethinking International Relations, London, Macmillan.

——(1996), Islam and the Myth of Confrontation, London and New York, I. B. Taurus.

Halpern, Manfred (1963), The Politics of Social Change in the Middle East and North Africa, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

Harik, Iliya (1987), ‘The origins of the Arab state system’, in Ghassan Salame, The Foundations of the Arab State, London, Croom Helm.

Harknett, Richard J. and Jeffrey A. VanDenBerg (1997), ‘Alignment theory and interrelated threats: Jordan and the Persian Gulf crisis’, Security Studies, 6:3, 112–53.

Harrop, William Scott (1991), ‘Iran’s emerging World Order’, Middle East Insight 8:2, September–October, 46–9.

Haseeb, Dina and Malek Rouchdy (1991), ‘Egypt’s speculations in the Gulf crisis: the government’s policies and the opposition movements’, in Haim Bresheeth and Nira Yuval-Davis, eds, The Gulf War and the New World Order, London, Zed Books, 1991, 70–6.

Heikal, Muhammed Hassanein (1975), The Road to Ramadan, New York, Reader’s Digest Press.

——(1978a), The Sphinx and the Commissar: The Rise and Fall of Soviet influence in the Middle East, London, Collins.

——(1978b), ‘Egyptian Foreign Policy’, Foreign Affairs, 56:4.

——(1983), The Autumn of Fury: The Assassination of Sadat, London, Corgi Books.

Hetata, Sherif (1991), ‘What choice did Egypt have?’, in Phillis Bennis and Michel Moushabeck, eds, Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, New York, Olive Branch Press, 241–7.

Hinnebusch, Raymond (1982), ‘Children of the elite: political attitudes of the westernized bourgeoisie in contemporary Egypt’, Middle East Journal, 36:4, 535–61.

——(1985), Egyptian Politics under Sadat, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

——(1993), ‘Revisionist dreams, realist strategies: the foreign policy of Syria’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki, eds, The Foreign Policies of Arab States: The Challenge of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 374–409.

——(1997), ‘Syria’s role in the Gulf war coalition’, in Andrew Bennett, Joseph Lepgold and Danny Unger, Friends in Need: Burden Sharing in the Gulf War, New York, St. Martin’s Press, 219–40.

——(2001), Syria: Revolution from Above, London, Routledge.

Hinnebusch, Raymond and Anoushiravan Ehteshami (2001), The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Hiro, Dilip (1991a), The Longest War: The Iran–Iraq Military Conflict, London and New York, Routledge.

——(1991b), ‘A few of our favorite kings’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 408–11.

——(1992), Desert Shield to Desert Storm: The Second Gulf War, New York, Routledge.

Hitchins, Christopher (1991), ‘Realpolitik in the Gulf’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 107–18.

Holsti, Kal (1970), ‘National role conception in the study of foreign policy’, International Studies Quarterly, 14, 233–309.

Hooglund, Eric (1987a), ‘The search for Iran’s moderates’, Middle East Report, January–February, 17:1, 5–6.

——(1987b), ‘Iran and the Gulf War’, Middle East Report, September–October, no. 148, 17:5, 12–18.

——(1989), ‘The Islamic Republic at war and peace’, Middle East Report, January–February, no. 156, 19:1, 4–12.

Hourani, Albert (1970), Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939, London, Oxford University Press.

Hudson, Michael (1977), Arab Politics: The Search for Legitimacy, New Haven, Yale University Press.

——(1999), Middle East Dilemmas: The Politics and Economics of Arab Integration, London and New York, I. B. Taurus.

Hunter, Shireen (1987), ‘Islamic Iran and the Arab World’, Middle East Insight, 5:3, 17–25.

——(1988), ‘Islam in power: the case of Iran’, in Shireen Hunter, ed., The Politics of Islamic Revivalism, Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 265–80.

Huntington, Samuel (1968), Political Order in Changing Societies, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press.

——(1993), ‘The clash of civilizations’, Foreign Affairs, 72:3, 22–49.

Hussein, Ahmad (1973), Class Conflict in Egypt, 1945–70, New York, Monthly Review Press.

Ibrahim, Saad ad-Din (1997), ‘From Taliban to Erbakan: The case of Islam’, in Civil Society and Democracy in the Muslim World, Elizabeth Ozdalga and Sune Persson, eds, Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, Transactions, vol. 7, distributed by Curzon Press, 33–44.

Ionides, Michael (1960), Divide and Lose: The Arab Revolt of 1955–1958, London, Geoffrey Bles.

Ismael, Jacqueline (1993), Kuwait: Dependency and Class in a Rentier State, Gainsville, University Press of Florida.

Ismael, Tareq Y. (1986), International Relations of the Contemporary Middle East: A Study in World Politics, Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press.

Issawi, Charles (1982), An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa, New York, Columbia University Press.

Joffe, George (1999), ed., Perspectives on Development: The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, London, Frank Cass.

Jones, Clive (2001), ‘The foreign policy of Israel’, in Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami, The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press, 115–39.

Jourjati, Murhaf (1998), ‘Syrian foreign policy: an institutional perspective on why Asad did not emulate Sadat’, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Utah.

Karasapan, Omar (1986), ‘Turkey’s super-rich’, Middle East Report, no. 142, September–October, 16:5, 30–4.

Karawan, Ibrahim (1994), ‘Sadat and the Egyptian–Israeli peace revisited’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 26:2, 249–66.

Karmi, Ghada (1999), ‘A binational state in Palestine’, Middle East International, 7 May, 20–2.

Keohane, Robert and Joseph Nye (1977), Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, Boston, Little, Brown.

Kerr, Malcolm (1971), The Arab Cold War: Jamal Abd al-Nasir and his Rivals, 1958–1970, London, Oxford University Press.

——(1975), ‘Hafiz al-Asad and the changing patterns of Syrian politics’, International Journal, 28:4, 689–707.

Keyder, Caglar (1987), State and Class in Turkey, London: Verso.

Khadduri, Majid (1970), Political Trends in the Arab World, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Khalidi, Walid (1991a), ‘Why some Arabs support Saddam’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 161–71.

——(1991b), ‘Iraq vs. Kuwait: claims and counterclaims’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books.

Khalil, Samir (1989), The Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq, London, Radius.

Khouri, Rami (1998), ‘Tyranny, dependence, power and the rule of law’, A View from the Arab World, 29 December, RamiKhouri@nets.com.jo

Kienle, Eberhard (1990), Ba’th vs. Ba’th: The Conflict between Syria and Iraq, London, I. B. Taurus.

Kimsche, David and Dan Bawly (1968), The Sandstorm: The Arab Israeli War of June 1967: Prelude and Aftermath, New York.

Kirisci, Kemal (1997), ‘Post Cold-War Turkish security and the Middle East’, MERIA Journal Issue 2, posting 6, June, Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, Bar-Ilan University.

Klare, Michael (1991), ‘The Pentagon’s new paradigm’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War, New York, Times Books, 466–79.

Knightly, Philip (1991), ‘Imperial legacy’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 3–15.

Korany, Bahgat (1987), ‘Alien and besieged yet here to stay: the contradictions of the Arab territorial state’, in Ghassan Salame, The Foundations of the Arab State, London, Croom Helm 1987, 47–74.

——(1988), ‘The Dialectics of inter-Arab relations, 1967–1987’, in Abdullah Battah and Yehuda Lukas, eds, The Arab–Israeli Conflict: Two Decades of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 164–78.

——(1997), ‘The Old/New Middle East’, in Laura Guazzone, The Middle East in Global Change, London: Macmillan Press, 135–49.

Korany, Bahgat and Selma Akbik (1986), ‘Decision-making in a non-state actor – OPEC’, in Bahgat Korany, ed., How Foreign Policy is made in the Third World, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Korany, Bahgat and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki, eds (1991), The Foreign Policies of Arab States: The Challenge of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Korany, Bahgat, Paul Noble and Rex Brynen, eds (1993), The Many Faces of National Security in the Middle East, New York, Macmillan.

Krasner, Steven, ed. (1983), International Regimes, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Kubursi, Atif (1999), ‘Prospects for Arab economic integration after Oslo’, in Michael Hudson, ed., Middle East Dilemmas, London and New York, I. B. Taurus, 299–319.

Kubursi, Atif and Salim Mansur (1993), ‘Oil and the Gulf war: an American century or a “New World Order”?’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 15:4, 1–18.

Love, Kenneth (1969), Suez: The Twice-Fought War, New York, McGraw-Hill.

Luciani, Giacomo, ed. (1990), The Arab State, London, Routledge.

Maddy-Weitzman, Bruce (1993), The Crystallization of the Arab State System, 1945–1954, Syracuse, New York, Syracuse University Press.

Malley, Robert and Hussein Agha, ‘Camp David: the tragedy of errors’, New York Review of Books, 9 August, 2001.

Mansfield, Edward and Jack Snyder (1995), ‘The dangers of democratization’, International Security, 20:1, 5–38.

Mansfield, Peter (1991), A History of the Middle East, London and New York, Penguin Books.

Ma’oz, Moshe (1972), ‘Attempts at creating a political community in modern Syria’, Middle East Journal, 26:4, 389–404.

——(1988), Asad, the Sphinx of Damascus: A Political Biography, New York, Grove Weidenfeld.

Marr, Phebe (1985), The Modern History of Iraq, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Menashri, David (1990), Iran: A Decade of War and Revolution, New York, Holmes and Meier.

Miller, Judith and Laurie Mylroie (1990), Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf, New York, Times Books.

Moon, Bruce (1995), ‘Consensus or compliance? Foreign-policy change and external dependence’, International Organization, 39:2, 297–329.

Mufti, Malik (1996), Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq, Ithaca and London, Cornell University Press.

——(1998), ‘Daring and caution in Turkish foreign policy’, Middle East Journal, 52:1, 33–50.

Murden, Simon (2002), Islam, the Middle East, and the New Global Hegemony, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Murphy, Emma (1997), ‘The Arab–Israeli conflict in the New World Order’, in Haifa Jawad, ed., The Middle East in the New World Order, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 110–39.

Nahas, Maridi (1985), ‘State systems and revolutionary challenge: Nasser, Khomeini and the Middle East’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 17:4, 507–27.

Niblock, Tim (1990), ‘The need for a new Arab order’, Middle East International, 12 October, 17–18.

——(2001), ‘Pariah States’ and Sanctions in the Middle East: Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press.

Noble, Paul (1991), ‘The Arab system: pressures, constraints, and opportunities’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki, The Foreign Policies of Arab States: the Challenge of Change, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 41–78.

Norton, Augustus R (1991) ‘The security legacy of the 1980s in the Third World’, in Thomas Weiss and Meryl Kessler, Third World Security in the Post-Cold War Era, Boulder and London, Lynne Rienner Press, 19–33.

Owen, Roger (1981), The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800–1914, London and New York, Meuthen.

——(1992), State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East, London, Routledge.

——(1999), ‘Inter-Arab economic relations during the twentieth century: world market vs regional market?’, in Michael Hudson, Middle East Dilemmas, London and New York, I. B. Taurus, 217–32.

Padoan, Piercarlo (1997), ‘The political economy of regional integration in the Middle East’, in Laura Guazzone, ed., The Middle East in Global Change, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 174–200.

Parker, Richard (1993), The Politics of Miscalculation, Bloomington, Ind., Indiana University Press.

Paul, James (1986), ‘The new bourgeoisie in the Gulf’, Middle East Report, 16:5, no. 142, September–October, 18–22.

Peleg, Ilan (1988), ‘The impact of the Six-Day War on the Israeli right: a Second Republic in the making?’, in Yehuda Lukas and Abdalla M. Battah, The Arab–Israeli Conflict, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 54–66.

Peretz, Don (1988), ‘Israeli policies toward the Arab states and the Palestinians since 1967’, in Yehuda Lukas and Abdalla M. Battah, The Arab–Israeli Conflict, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 26–40.

Peri, Yoram (1983), Between Battles and Ballots: Israeli Military in Politics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

——(1988), ‘From political nationalism to ethno-nationalism: the case of Israel’, in Yehuda Lukas and Abdalla M. Battah, The Arab–Israeli Conflict, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 41–53.

Perlmutter, Amos (1969), ‘From obscurity to rule: the Syrian army and the Ba`th Party’, Western Political Quarterly, 22:4.

Perthes, Volker (1995), The Political Economy of Syria under Asad, London, I. B. Taurus.

Petran, Tabitha (1987), The Struggle for Lebanon, New York, Monthly Review Press.

Picard, Elizabeth (1988), ‘Arab military in politics: from revolutionary plot to authoritarian state’, in Adeed Dawisha and I. William Zartman, Beyond Coercion: The Durability of the Arab State, London, Croom Helm, 116–46.

Quandt, William (2001), ‘The United States’, in Leon Carl Brown, ed., Diplomacy in the Middle East: The International Relations of Regional and Outside Powers, London and New York, I. B. Tauris, 59–74.

Rabinovich, Itamar (1972), Syria under the Ba’th, 1963–1966: The Army–Party Symbiosis, New York, Halstead Press.

——(1987), ‘Controlled conflict in the Middle East: the Syrian–-Israeli rivalry in Lebanon’, in Gabriel Ben-Dor and David B. DeWitt, eds, Conflict Management in the Middle East, Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books, 97–111.

Ramazani, Rouhollah (1986), Revolutionary Iran: Challenge and Response in the Middle East, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Riad, Mahmoud (1982), The Struggle for Peace in the Middle East, London and New York, Quartet Books.

Richards, Alan and John Waterbury (1996), A Political Economy of the Middle East, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Roberts, Samuel J. (1990), Party and Policy in Israel: The Battle between Hawks and Doves, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Robins, Philip (1991), Turkey and the Middle East, London, RIIA/Pinter.

Rubinstein, Alvin Z. (1977), Red Star on the Nile: The Soviet–Egyptian Influence Relationship since the June War, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

Rustow, Dankwart (1984), ‘Realignments in the Middle East’, Foreign Affairs, 63:3.

Sadat, Anwar (1978), In Search of Identity: An Autobiography, New York, Harper and Row.

Sadowski, Yehia (1991), ‘Arab economies after the Gulf War’, Middle East Report, no. 170: 21:3, 4–13.

Salame, Ghassan (1989), ‘Political power and the Saudi state’, in B. Berberoglu, Power and Stability in the Middle East, London, Zed Books, 70–89.

Salem, Paul (1997), ‘Arab political currents, Arab–European relations and Mediterraneanism’, in Guazzone, Laura, ed., The Middle East in Global Change, London, Macmillan Press, 23–42.

Salloukh, Bassel (1996), ‘State strength, permeability, and foreign policy behavior: Jordan in theoretical perspective’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 18:2, 39–66.

Sayigh, Yezid (1993), ‘Arab military industrialization: security incentives and economic impact’, in B. Korany, P. Noble and R. Brynen, The Many Faces of National Security in the Middle East, 214–38.

Sayigh, Yusuf (1999), ‘Arab economic integration: the poor harvest of the 1980s’, in Michael Hudson, Middle East Dilemmas, London and New York, I. B. Taurus, 233–58.

Schiff, Zeev and Ehud Ya’ari (1984), Israel’s Lebanon War, New York, Simon and Schuster.

Schulze, Kirstin (1999), The Arab–Israeli Conflict, London, Longman.

Seale, Patrick (1965), The Struggle for Syria, London, Oxford University Press.

——(1988), Asad: The Struggle for the Middle East, Berkeley, University of California Press.

Sela, Avraham (1998), The End of the Arab–Israeli Conflict: Middle East Politics and the Quest for Regional Order, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press.

Shafiq, Nemat (1999), ‘Labour migration and economic integration in the Middle East’, in Michael Hudson, Middle East Dilemmas, London and New York, I. B. Taurus, 279–98.

Sharabi, Hisham (1970), Arab Intellectuals and the West: The Formative Years, 1975–1914, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Shazli, Saad al- (1980), The Crossing of the Suez, San Francisco, American Mideast Research.

Sheehan, Edward (1976), ‘How Kissinger did it: step by step in the Middle East’, Foreign Policy, 22.

Sifry, Micah (1991) ‘US intervention in the Middle East: a case study’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 27–33.

Simons, Geoffrey (1996), The Scourging of Iraq: Sanctions, Law and Natural Justice, London, Macmillan.

Smith, Charles D. (1996), Palestine and the Arab–Israeli Conflict, New York, St. Martin’s Press.

Smith, Pamela Ann (1986), ‘The exile bourgeoisie of Palestine’, Middle East Report, 16:5, no. 142, September–October, 23–7.

Solingen, Etil (1998), Regional Orders at Century’s Dawn: Global and Domestic Influence on Grand Strategy, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

Spero, Joan Edelman (1990), The Politics of International Economic Relations, 4th Edition, New York, St. Martins.

Springborg, Robert (1989), Mubarak’s Egypt: The Fragmentation of the Political Order, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Stein, Janet (1993), ‘The security dilemma in the Middle East: the prognosis for the decade ahead’, in Bahgat Korany, Paul Noble, Rex Brynen, The Many Faces of National Security in the Middle East, London, Macmillan, 56–75.

Stork, Joe and Martha Wenger (1991), ‘From rapid deployment to massive deployment’, Middle East Report, no. 168, January–February, 21:1, 22–6.

Tachau, Frank (1975), Political Elites and Political Development in the Middle East, Cambridge, Mass., Schenkman/Wiley.

Tanzer, Michael (1991), ‘Oil and the Gulf crisis’, in Phyllis Bennis and Michel Moushabeck, eds, Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, New York, Olive Branch Press, 263–7.

Taylor, Alan (1982), The Arab Balance of Power, Syracuse, NY, Syracuse University Press.

Telhami, Shibley (1990), Power and Leadership in International Bargaining: the Path to the Camp David Accords, New York, Columbia University Press.

Thompson, William R. (1970), ‘The Arab sub-system and the feudal pattern of interaction: 1965’, Journal of Peace Research, 7, 151–67.

——(1981), ‘Delineating regional subsystems: visit networks and the Middle East case’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 13:2.

Tibi, Bassam (1998), Conflict and War in the Middle East: From Interstate war to New Security, London, Macmillan.

Torrey, Gordon (1964), Syrian Politics and the Military, 1945–1958, Columbus, Ohio State University.

Trimberger, Ellen Kay (1978), Revolution From Above: Military Bureaucrats and Development in Japan, Turkey, Egypt and Peru, New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Books.

Tripp, Charles (1996), ‘Islam and the secular logic of the state in the Middle East’, in A. Ehteshami and A. S. Sidahmad, Islamic Fundamentalism, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 51–69.

——(2001), ‘The foreign policy of Iraq’, in Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami, eds, The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Press, 167–92.

Van Dam, Nikolaos (1981), The Struggle for Power in Syria: Sectarianism, Regionalism and Tribalism in Politics, 1961–1980, London, Croom Helm.

Van Dusen, Michael (1975) ‘Syria: downfall of a traditional elite’, in Frank Tachau, ed., Political Elites and Political Development in the Middle East, Cambridge, Mass., Schenkman/Wiley, 115–55.

Vassiliev, Alexi (1998), The History of Saudi Arabia, London, Saqi Books.

Vatikiotis, P. J. (1978), Nasser and his Generation, New York, St. Martin’s Press.

——(1987), Islam and the State, London, Routledge.

Vitalis, Robert (1997), ‘The closing of the Arabian oil frontier and the future of American–Saudi relations’, Middle East Report, 27:2, no. 204, July–September, 15–21.

Waldner, David (1995), ‘More than meets the eye: economic influence on contemporary Syrian foreign policy’, Middle East Insight, 11:4, May-June.

Wallerstein, Immanuel (1974), The Modern World System, New York, Academic Press.

Walt, Steven (1987), The Origin of Alliances, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Waltz, Kenneth (1979), Theory of International Politics, Boston, Addison-Wesley.

Weulersse, Jacques (1946), Paysans de Syrie et du Proche-Orient, Paris, Gallimard.

Yaniv, Avner (1986), ‘Syria and Israel: the politics of escalation’, in Moshe Ma’oz, and Avner Yaniv, Syria under Assad: Domestic Constraints and Regional Risks, London, Croom Helm, 157–77.

——(1987), ‘Alliance politics in the Middle East: a security dilemma perspective’, in Auriel Braun, ed., The Middle East in Global Strategy, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Yavuz, M. Hakan, and Khan, Mujeeb (1992), ‘Turkish foreign policy toward the Arab Israeli conflict’, Arab Studies Quarterly, 14:4, 69–94.

Yergin, Daniel (1991), ‘Oil: the strategic prize’, in Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf, eds, The Gulf War Reader, New York, Times Books, 21–6.

Zartman, I. William, ed. (1982), Political Elites in Arab North Africa, New York and London, Longman.

——1993, ‘State building and the military in Arab Africa’, in B. Korany, P. Noble and R. Brynen, eds, The Many Faces of National Security in the Middle East, New York, Macmillan, 239–57.

——(1999), ‘The ups and downs of Maghrebi unity’, in Michael Hudson ed., Middle East Dilemmas, London and New York, I. B. Taurus, 171–86.

Zunes, Stephen (2001), ‘The United States and the breakdown of the Palestinian–Israeli peace process’, Middle East Policy, 8:4, 66–85.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 319 91 3
PDF Downloads 234 48 1