Index
in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence

INDEX

Adam Institute for Democracy and Peace 147–8
administrative detention 74, 75, 77, 80, 82, 83, 93
Agranat, Justice Shimon 33
Al-Ard 38
Altalena 17, 21–2, 71–2
Amir, Yigal 19, 21, 92, 94, 117
Amnesty International 153
Anti-Defamation League (ADL) (US) 188
Arabs
attitudes toward 99–100, 124, 127, 128, 129, 131
in civics education 109, 111–12, 117
human rights organisations 153
intifada 56, 86, 174
Kach and Kahane 34, 35, 36–7, 41, 43–4, 46, 50, 51
Moledet 54
political parties 61
regulatory measures 13
Ashkenazi, Hillel 54–5
Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) 152–3, 154–5, 164
Avnon, Dan 58
Bach, Justice Gabriel 40, 41–2, 45
Bagrut certificate 111–12, 114, 133
Balad 53
Barak, Justice Aharon 42, 44–5, 59
Barzilai, Gad 49, 58, 72, 78, 88
Basic Law – The Knesset 47–50, 52–3, 60, 181
Be’er, Yizhar 151
Begin, Menahem 72, 89
Belhasan, David 93
Ben-Eliezer, Uri 144–5, 148, 149, 156
Ben-Gurion, David 70, 78
Altalena 17, 72
education 109
guided democracy 143
political parties 32
Ben-Horin, Michael 94
Benvenisti, Professor Eyal 95
Bernadotte, Count Folke 77
Bernstein, Tzvi 39
Board for the Education of Values (BEV) 118–19, 120
Brit Hakanaim 17, 79
B’Tselem 153
Central Elections Committee (CEC) 49, 61, 172
Kach 37–9, 40–2, 51–3, 56, 57
Kahane Hai56–7
Moledet 54–5, 57, 58
Socialist List 33, 60
Yemin Israel 59
Chalk, Peter68
civics education 130–4, 175–6, 177–8, 106–8
and civil society 167
comparative perspective 185–7
nationalist ideas108–15
organisations 147–8
quantitative assessment of reform 122–30
reform efforts 115–22
civil society 8, 12, 14–15, 23, 139–43
comparative perspective 187–90
in Israel 143–6
see also pro-democracy civil society
Cohen-Almagor, Raphael 49, 58, 61–2, 75, 84, 85
conservative radicalism 15
constitution 73, 75, 179
Crelinsten, Ronald D. 69, 76, 78
criminal justice model 68–70, 75, 97, 100
contraction 82–96
legislation 80–2
United States 183–4, 185
see also extended criminal justice model
data sources 24–6
Defence (Emergency) Regulations (1945) 73–5, 80, 81
defending democracy viii, 1, 190–2
comparative perspective 179–90
definition 3–5
developments and challenges 171–9
militant and immunised routes 8–11
paradox 2, 68, 140, 191
political context 12–21
and pro-democracy civil society 139, 141, 143, 145–6, 156, 165–7
theoretical framework 5–8
democratic orientation 124–5, 126, 128, 129
Derech Hanitzotz 87
de Tocqueville, Alexis 141, 183
devotee parties 30
Division for Democracy and Coexistence (DDC) 118–19, 120, 147
education 7–8, 14, 22–3, 106, 109
see also civics education
Elba, Rabbi Ido 94
Elinson, Yehuda 41
elite party model 30
Eskin, Avigdor 94
ethnic democracy 13, 14, 15
ethnocentrism 115, 124, 127, 128, 129, 131
ethnocracy 13
ethno-nationalism 108–15, 131
Etzel 17, 22, 71–3, 77, 78
Etzioni, Justice Dr Moshe 37–8, 39
extended criminal justice model 70, 73, 97, 99
constitutional and legislative foundations73–5
General Security Service 75–7
Germany 184–5
Jewish Underground 89
operational aspects 77–9
extra-parliamentary movements see
subversive organisations and violent movements
far right
political parties 34–59
see also Kach; Kahane Hai; Moledet
Feiglin, Moshe 94
Foundations Institute 148
freedom of assembly 81
freedom of association 74
freedom of expression 2, 95
ACRI 153
Kahane 44–7
restrictions 74, 80–1
freedom of movement 74
Freidman, Aryeh 93
Gaza 18, 88, 153
General Security Service (GSS) see Shabak
Germany 179
civics education 185–7
civil society 187, 189, 190
political parties 30–1, 180, 181–2
subversive organisations and violent movements 184–5
Gillon, Carmi 76, 78, 87, 88–9, 90
Ginsburg, Rabbi Yitzhak 93
Goldberg, Justice Eliezer 51, 57
golden path 24
Goldstein, Baruch 83, 84, 93, 94
grass-roots groups 140
Greater Land of Israel 17, 18, 88
Gur-Aryeh, Professor Miri 87
Gush Emunim 18, 20–1, 88
Gutmann, Professor Emanuel 114
Guttman, Professor Shaul 58–9
Habad20
Halakhic law 19–20, 38, 56, 117
Halima, Justice 57
Hamachaneh 79
Hammer, Zevulun 118, 120
Hanitzotz 87
Hardal 20
Haredim 19–20, 79
Harel, Isser 78, 79
Hefetz, Assaf 90
Herut 34
Heshin, Justice Michael 172
Horowitz, Dan 5
ideological cleavage 16, 17–19, 71
see also left; right
immunised route 6, 10–11, 22, 23, 24, 171, 174, 177–9, 191
ACRI 153
civics education 25, 115, 120, 132, 133–4
civil society 187, 156, 163, 164, 165
political parties 57–9, 60–1, 63
radical and violent movements 68, 70, 86, 96–7
Institute for Democratic Education 148
Integrated Law Enforcement Task Force
against Incitement and Sedition
Offenders 93
interest groups 140
intifada 56, 86, 174
Irgun 17, 22, 71–3, 77, 78
Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA) 44–5, 60
Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) 99
Jabarin, Mohammed 86, 93
Jewish Underground 18, 21, 88–90, 97
Judea 18, 88, 153
Kach 21, 34, 59, 90
tenth Knesset elections 36–9
eleventh Knesset elections 40–3
twelfth Knesset elections 51–3
thirteenth Knesset elections 55–6, 57
and civics education 116
and criminal justice model 82–7
disqualification 50, 61, 181–2, 183
early years 34–5
Kahane, Binyamin 56, 84–5, 86
Kahane, Rabbi Meir 20–1, 34, 60, 82–3, 84, 177
tenth Knesset elections 36–7, 39
eleventh Knesset elections 40, 41, 42–3
amendment to Basic Law 47–50
and civics education 115, 116
early years 34–5
in Knesset 43–7
Kahane Hai 55
and criminal justice model 83–7
disqualification 56–7, 61, 181–2, 183
Käsztner, Dr Rudolph 17
Keshev 150–1
Knesset 32
Basic Law 47–50, 52–3, 60, 181
Kahane 43–7, 60
Knesset elections
eighth (1972) 35
ninth (1977) 35
tenth (1981) 36–9
eleventh (1984) 40–3
twelfth (1988) 50–5
thirteenth (1992) 55–7
Kremnizer, Mordechai 119, 173–4
Kremnizer Committee 119–20, 122, 176
Labour Movement 17, 18, 54, 71
Labour Party 32
Law and Administration Ordinance (1948) 74
Law of Associations (1980) 81
left
and criminal justice model 87–8
extremism and violence 22
underground movements 17
legal 96
legal–judicial analysis 3–4, 6–7, 172
legitimate 96
Lehi 17, 19, 22, 71, 77–8, 79
Levinson, Meira 106, 107, 108, 121
Levy, Itzhak 118
liberty 80
Likud 34, 88
Lissak, Moshe 5
Livnat, Limor 175–6
Mapai 31–2
mass party model 30
Meshulam, Rabbi Uzi 21, 90–2, 97
militant democracy 3, 190–1
militant route 6, 9–11, 22, 24, 171, 174, 177, 191
and civil society 139–40
Kahane43–7
political parties 49
radical and violent movements 68, 70–3, 77, 78, 97, 99–100
Socialist List 33–4
military–operative analysis 3
Mill, John Stuart 2
Ministry of Education 116, 132–3, 176, 177
civics education status 114–15
policy implementation 120–1, 122
policy-making 119–20
and society-oriented organisations 147, 148–9
structural reform 117, 118–19
Moledet 53–5, 57, 58–9
Morasha 20
Mossad 99
Movement for Quality Government in Israel 152
Nationaldemokratisch Partei Deutschland (NPD) 182
nationalism 22–3, 108–15
national religious 19
National Socialist Party (NSPA) (US) 180–1
national ultra-orthodox 20
Natorei Karta 19
Netanyahu, Benyamin 118
New Israel Fund 154–6, 157
Nissim, Moshe 48
non-liberal democracy 12–15
civics education 107–8, 109–10
occupied territories 18, 54, 75, 88, 153
opinion polls 97–9, 112–13, 167
Or, Justice Theodore86, 87, 93
Ordinance for the Prevention of Terrorism 75, 81, 93–4, 95, 173, 174
Kach and Kahane Hai 83–4, 85
radical left 87–8
Zrifin 79
Oslo Agreements 85, 88, 92
and civics education 115, 116–17
Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) 88, 92, 116–17
Palestinians see Arabs
Panim L’khan U’l’khan 148
paradox of tolerance 2, 68, 140, 191
Parties Law (1992) 58–9, 60
party state 31
Peled, Yoav 49
Penal Code 80, 81, 86, 94, 95
political cynicism 124, 125, 126–7, 128, 129
political efficacy 124, 125, 127, 128, 129
political–institutional analysis 2–3
political knowledge 124, 128, 129, 130
political parties 30–4, 60–3, 144
comparative perspective 180–3
disqualification 172
far right 34–59
and pro-democracy civil society 161
political socialisation 106
Popper, Karl 2
pro-democracy civil society 23, 139–40, 141, 143, 165–7, 176, 177
and defending democracy 145–6, 178
organisations’ evolution 25, 157–64
targets and prominent organisations 146–56
pulsa denura 94
Putnam, Robert 141, 158, 159, 166
qualitative sources 24–5
quantitative sources 25–6
Rabin, Yitzhak
assassination 1, 92–6, 115, 117, 175, 177
Jewish Underground 88
radical and violent movements see subversive organisations and violent movements
Rawls, John 2
relgious extremism 19–21
religious messianism 16
Republikaner, Die (Germany) 182
research methodology 24–6, 123–4, 145–6
right
radical and violent movements 18–19
underground movements 17, 22
see also far right
Rubinstein, Professor Amnon 119
rule of law 69–70, 73, 75, 97, 100, 117
Samaria 18, 88, 153
Sarid, Yossi 118–19
Schmid, Carlo 4
Seamen’s Revolt 16
secularity 19–21
sedition 80–1, 86–7, 94, 173–4
self-help groups 140
September 11, 184, 188, 189
Sezon affair 17
Shabak 22, 25, 78, 79, 97, 185
Jewish Underground 89
Kach 83
public opinion 82, 99
radical left 87
status 75–7, 173
Shamgar, Justice Meir 52–3, 57
Shamir, Yitzhak 90
Shatil 154
Shinhar Committee 120, 176
Sitrin, Shmuel 93
Six-Day War 17–18, 21, 34
Skokie affair 180–1
Smooha, Sammy 13
Socialist List 33–4, 60
social movements 140
society-oriented organisations 146–9
special courts 75
Sprinzak, Ehud 16, 17, 87
state of emergency 22, 73–4
statehood 14–15
state-oriented organisations 146, 151–4
statutory–judicial analysis 3–4, 6–7, 172
Stern Gang 17, 19, 22, 71, 77–8, 79
subversive organisations and violent movements 68–70, 96–100, 183–5
comparative perspective 183–5
criminal justice model 80–2
criminal justice model contraction 82–96
extended criminal justice model 73–9
militant route 70–3
Supreme Court of Justice 61, 63, 172
Belhasan 93
Etzel 77
Kach and Kahane 38–9, 42, 44–5, 46–7, 52, 57, 60
Kahane Hai 57
public opinion 99
radical left 88
Socialist List 60, 33–4
Yemin Israel 59
territories 18, 54, 75, 88, 153
theoretical–normative analysis 2, 3
ultra-orthodox 19–20, 79
uncivil society 141, 146, 149–51, 167
underground movements 17
United States 179
civics education 185–7
civil society 187–9, 190
political parties 180–1
subversive organisations and violent movements 183–4, 185
volunteer associations 140
Wadi Salib 16
war model 68–73
wehr-hafte Demokratie 3–5
xenophobia 124, 127, 128, 129, 131
Yehud affair 90–2
Yemenite children 90, 91
Yemin Israel 58–9
Yishai, Yael 140, 143, 144, 145, 148, 149, 156, 159, 188
Yom Kippur War 34
Ze’evi, Rechavam 53–4, 58–9
Zrifin 17, 79
Zusman, Justice 4–5, 33–4

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