Index
in The Fringes of Citizenship

Index

Aboriginal people 23, 28, 66–8, 79, 152
Act LXXVII on the Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities (Hungary, 1993) 37
Act CLXXIX on the Rights of Nationalities of Hungary (Hungary, 2011) 37
Act on Rights of Members of National Minorities (Czech Republic,2001) 38
Act on National and Ethnic Minorities and on Regional Languages 2005 (Poland, 2005) 38
acts of sovereignty 11, 52, 58, 70, 105, 109, 131
l’affaire des Roms 58–61
African American 9, 15, 16, 28, 44, 46, 78–81, 83, 98–100, 152
children 18, 77–8, 80, 98, 152
Albert, Gwendolyn 75
antigypsyism 5, 6, 25, 29, 40, 41–3, 49, 104, 156
Arendt, Hannah 103–4, 106, 113, 132
Ashkali 21n.5, 29
asylum 36, 63
seekers 36, 63–5, 83, 129, 131, 139–40, 147
Australia 17–18, 28, 48, 50, 53, 65–70, 79, 152
Austria 21n.7, 36
 
Bader Ginsburg, Ruth 79, 81
Baker, Catherine 26
Baltic states 18, 105, 113, 119–20, 127, 154
Belgium 21n.7, 63–4
Belton, Kristy 122
Benhabib, Seyla 8
Berlin Wall 15, 24, 35, 43, 50n.1, 95, 114, 130
Bhambra, Gurminder 14, 26, 100, 135
BIH see Bosnia and Herzegovina
borders 52, 66, 108, 112–13, 115–18, 124, 126, 131, 133–4, 143
Borrego, Borrego 85–6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40, 63, 72, 117, 129–33, 137
Bosniak, Linda 52
Božinović, Davor 73, 78, 142
Brexit 31, 62
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (US, 1954) 77–82, 94–5, 152, 153
Brown case see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (US, 1954)
Buijs, Roosmarijn 26, 41
Bulgaria 21n.7, 30, 41, 96, 141
 
Canada 17, 47–8, 50, 67, 79, 151
Champan v. the United Kingdom (2001) 54–5
Cheesman, Nick 124
citizen
active 19, 140–1
activist 13, 19, 133
Bulgarian 32, 53, 59
Croatian 33, 117
Czech 36, 83, 114–15
invisible 23–51
Romanian 53, 59, 69
semi- 10
citizenship
access 6, 18–19, 46, 104, 108, 115, 121, 125, 138
differentiated 8, 10, 22n.8, 26
invisible edges of 7, 11–15, 20, 27, 49, 65, 70, 74, 79, 99, 132, 149–55
irregularised 53–71, 130
irregular 52, 65–6
multicultural 8, 9, 10, 13, 22n.8, 101
ideal types 9, 12
national 15, 24, 43, 54, 104
nationality 8, 57, 62, 102–3, 106–8, 121–2, 126
non- 8, 109, 111, 119–21, 133, 135
performative 11, 13, 133, 135, 147
postcolonial 15
precarious 7, 125, 127, 130, 149
racialised 102–128, 154
rights 5–6, 13, 58, 65, 69–70, 79, 152
universal 10, 13
status 2, 5, 10, 16, 55, 58, 66, 106, 112–14, 117–18, 121, 123–4, 130, 132, 137, 154
supranational 15, 24
total infringement of 19, 102–128, 154–5
unequal 6, 132
Citizenship Act (Croatia, 1991) 117
Citizenship Act (Czech Republic, 1993) 114–15
Citizenship Act (Dominican Republic, 1929) 122
Citizenship Act (Myanmar, 1948) 123
Citizenship Act (United Kingdom, 1948) 125
Citizenship Law (Myanmar, 1982) 109, 123–4
civil society 3, 28, 42–5, 50n.1, 61, 115, 117, 155
CoE see Council of Europe
Cold War 77, 94, 98,100, 154
Constitutional Law on the Rights of National Minorities (Croatia, 2002) 33
constitutional nationalism 33
Cooper v. Aaron (US, 1958) 80, 86
Croatia 21n.7, 33–4, 39–40, 72–4, 87–100, 103, 117, 153
Cyprus 21n.7
Czechoslovakia 47, 55, 95, 113, 131
disintegration 19, 113
Czech Republic 21n.7, 38, 40, 46, 55, 82, 85, 93, 95–6, 98–100, 104, 113, 140–1, 143, 153
connected sociologies 14–15, 77, 150
Copenhagen criteria 3, 25, 35, 87, 96, 98, 151
Council of Europe 17, 26–7, 30, 40, 85, 88, 109, 119, 131
Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities 34
Advisory Committee 27, 34–7, 45, 97
 
Dano v. Jobcenter Leipzig (2014) 17, 53, 58, 61–3
Decade of Roma Inclusion 3, 27, 30–1, 40–1, 43, 49
De Genova, Nicholas 112
Denmark 21n.7, 36
desegregation 75, 77, 80–1, 94–8, 100, 153
D.H. and Others v. Czech Republic (2007) 18, 74, 77, 79, 81–8, 94, 98, 152–3
D.H. case see D.H. and Others v. Czech Republic
discrimination 4, 20, 27, 29, 46, 62, 71, 73, 76–8, 82–6, 88–91, 95–101, 109–10, 115, 117,127, 131, 133, 135, 139, 153
ethnic 12, 74, 76, 103, 110, 129, 132, 134, 140, 142–3, 148–50, 154
prohibition of 8, 57, 61
Dominican Republic 19, 105,122–3, 154
Donert, Celia 55, 95
Dudziak, Mary 94
Durst, Judit 22n.10
 
ECHR see European Convention on Human Rights
ECtHR see European Court of Human Rights
education 18, 31, 39–41,47, 71–101, 108, 121, 125, 138–9, 141, 143–5, 152–3
Egyptians 21n.5, 29
Employment Equity Act (Canada,1995) 23
epistemic violence 12
equality 2, 11, 25, 35
of opportunity 75–101
ERRC see European Roma Rights Centre
Estonia 21 n.7, 119–22, 127
Ethnic Groups Act (Austria, 1976) 36
EU see European Union
European 6
EC see Commission
Commission 4, 17, 27, 28, 30, 35, 41, 60–1, 96, 98, 116
Convention on Human Rights 83–4, 88, 93–4
Court of Human Rights 18, 73, 46, 54, 73–4, 82–6, 88–9, 96, 98–101, 130–1, 133–4, 153
Chamber 74, 86–8, 93
Grand Chamber 82, 84, 88–9, 91–4
Judges 74, 85, 87, 93, 97
Roma Rights Centre 30, 34, 36, 46, 54, 65, 73, 86, 88, 103, 118, 134
European Union
accession 42, 96, 100, 154
Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation 58
candidate countries 4, 16–17, 25, 35–7, 41–2, 56, 141
Charter of Fundamental Rights 3, 57, 59
citizens 4, 7, 17, 22n.7, 28, 32, 56–60, 69, 104, 135, 152
citizenship 32–3, 53, 58, 133, 149
Citizens’ Rights Directive (2004) 54, 57, 59, 61–2
conditionality 33, 36, 151–2, 154
Court of Justice 17, 53, 58, 61–2
enlargement 3, 15–16, 35
2004 2, 3, 37, 39, 63, 140
2007 3
2013 3
postsocialist 3, 10
Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies 3–4, 21n.6, 25, 27, 31, 40–3, 49, 61, 75, 98, 100, 103–4, 156
Fundamental Rights Agency 4, 50, 132, 135
Lisbon Treaty 24
Long-Term Residence Directive 54
Member States 1, 3, 4, 16, 32, 35, 36, 39, 41, 59, 62–3, 104, 132, 140–1
founding 24, 25
newer 25, 59
older 85, 97–8, 132, 154
postsocialist 10, 24, 32, 35, 43, 151
Western 10, 35
Race Equality Directive 60, 82, 98
Treaty of Rome 57
Treaty of the 2
values 1
EUROPOL see European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation
exclusion 6, 12–13, 15, 20, 40, 76, 85, 100
 
Fico, Robert 1–4, 20n.4, 142
Finland 21n.7, 36
FitzGerald, David 110
France 3, 10, 21n.7, 24, 29, 36, 53, 58–61, 152
free movement 17, 32, 52–71
 
Germany 21n.7, 29, 36, 61–4, 93, 129–31, 138–9, 146–7
Gitano 21n.5, 29, 45
Goldston, James 79, 94
Goodwin, Morag 26, 41
Greece 21n.7, 36, 74, 86, 94, 97–101
Greenberg, Jack 79, 81
‘gypsy’ 21, 29, 62, 86, 134
 
Haitians 122–3
Havel, Václav 43, 50n.1
hate crime 2, 37, 50n.1
Hepworth, Kate 22n.9
human rights 2, 3, 10, 24, 25, 35–6, 47–8, 50n.1, 53, 64–5, 68–9, 72, 83, 96, 107–8, 113, 120, 151
breaches 45
litmus test 24
Hungary 20n.3, 21n.7, 30, 37–8, 40, 46, 96, 98, 141
 
Immigration Act (United Kingdom, 1971) 125
inclusion 1–3, 6, 13, 15, 17–18, 32, 37, 39–41, 60, 74–5, 127, 149
Indigenous people 9, 15–17, 28, 44, 48–50, 53, 69, 150–1
inequality 3, 8, 9, 18, 44, 72–101
integration 2, 4–6, 10, 25, 32, 37, 41–2, 45, 60–1, 75, 94–5, 99, 145, 151
international
organizations 2–3, 6, 16–17, 19, 25, 27, 35, 40, 42–4, 58, 75, 87–8, 100, 109, 119, 123, 138, 141–2, 149, 151, 155
Decade of World's Indigenous Peoples 47–9
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights 109, 122–3
International Romani Union 2
International Romani Day 90, 101, 153
Ireland 21n.7, 37
Italy 4, 19, 21n.7, 27, 36, 69, 72, 102, 104, 118–19, 128n.1, 132
Isin, Engin 8, 13, 133, 135
 
Jovanović, Željko 40
 
Kóczé, Angéla 10, 15, 23, 43, 46, 104, 150
Kosovo 20n.2, 29, 95, 116, 148n.4, 156n.1
Kymlicka, Will 4, 8–9, 26, 54
Kudaibergenova, Diana 128n.4
 
labour market 31, 40–1, 57, 75–6, 83, 99, 100, 137, 139, 141
Latvia 21n.7, 119–22, 127
legal status 7–8, 52, 65, 105, 109, 118–19, 125, 129
legislation 2, 8, 17, 19, 24–7, 36–8, 40, 43–4, 46, 50, 81, 83–4, 90, 105, 109, 118–19, 121–4, 126, 128, 134, 149–51
Leggio, Daniele Viktor 31
Lentin, Alana 43
liberal democracies 24, 18–19, 24, 50, 75, 151
liberal democratic states 4, 8, 23, 44, 46, 52–3, 78
Lithuania 21n.7, 120
 
Magazzini, Tina 26
majority 2, 19, 25, 39, 41–3, 73–4, 85, 87, 90, 99
Manush 21n.5, 29
Māori 16, 28, 79
Mars, Gerald 135–6
Marshall, T. H. 8
Matache, Margareta 78
McGarry, Aidan 5, 7, 28, 142
Međimurje 72–3, 88, 91, 96
Messing, Vera 31
migration 11, 35, 53, 59, 65, 70, 111–12, 124, 126, 139, 140, 152
Milliken v. Bradley (US, 1974) 81, 95, 153
Milliken case see Milliken v. Bradley
minority
counting 24, 43–7
ethnic 2–3, 27, 30, 35, 40, 65
exceptional 4, 27, 43
linguistic 16, 36
marginalized 3,6, 7, 16–20, 24, 28, 45–7, 49–50, 53, 70, 78–9, 82, 100, 130, 149–52, 154–5
naming 16, 24, 35, 43–7, 150
national 9, 15, 33, 36, 38–9
non-territorial 10, 17, 134
protection 2, 3, 10, 17, 35, 42, 50, 65, 88, 139
rights 8, 17, 24, 33, 35, 39, 45, 50, 103, 106, 109, 139, 149
Russian-speaking 105, 108–9, 113, 119–22, 126–7, 128n.4, 154
stateless 18, 19, 108, 111, 113
traditionally settled 9, 37
trans-border 10, 52
transnational 10, 17
visible 23–51, 132
Mirga-Kruszelnicka, Anna 30
mobility 8, 17, 23, 56, 58, 65, 112, 140
Montenegro 40, 63, 93, 116
Mujić, Nazif 129–32, 136–9
multicultural 2,8–9, 24, 26, 42, 49, 56, 145, 151
multiculturalism 9, 54
Myanmar 19, 105, 109, 123–5, 154
 
National Minorities and Minority Languages Act (Sweden, 2009) 36
Native Americans 28, 44–5, 151
Netherlands 21n.7, 93
New Zealand 16, 28, 48, 50, 67, 79
NGOs see non-governmental organizations
nomadism 17, 23, 45, 53–5, 58, 66, 115
non-governmental organizations 37, 42, 65, 73, 86, 88, 103, 118, 138–9, 142, 148n.4
Northern Territory 66–70
Intervention 18, 53, 66–70, 152
North Macedonia 40, 64–5, 95, 102–3, 116, 138–9, 148n.4, 156n.1
Nyers, Peter 8, 52, 65–6
Nyírő, Zsanna 22n.10
 
Okely, Judith 76
Orbán, Viktor 20n.3, 38, 154
Oršuš and Others v. Croatia 18, 74, 79, 82, 87–94, 96–8, 153
Oršuš case see Oršuš and Others v. Croatia
Owen, David 12, 108
 
Plessy v. Fergusson (US, 1896) 77, 79
Plessy case see Plessy v. Fergusson
Poland 21n.7, 38
Pope Francis 71–3, 99
population census 27, 30, 34, 44–5, 50n.2
Portugal 21n.7, 36
postcolonial 15, 33, 44, 109, 123, 126–7, 154
postsocialist 94, 96
context 119, 126–7, 154
democracies 15
problem 15
state 3, 24, 25, 43, 50n.1, 98, 100
transition 2, 77, 88, 96, 130
Post, Soraya 49, 102–3
 
Racial Discrimination Act (Australia, 1975) 67–9
racialisation 23, 110–11
racism 5–6, 43, 73, 86, 104, 109–10, 122–3, 149
Reding, Vivian 60
refugees 1, 4, 9, 20n.1, 72, 106, 116, 119, 147
refugee crisis 1, 3, 20n.1
rights
fundamental 24, 50, 97, 151
group-differentiated 8–9, 26
political 18, 108, 121
restriction of 17, 53–4, 57
social 18, 121, 127
special 8, 10, 55
right-wing groups 4
extremist 3, 72
populist 4
Rohingya 19, 105, 109, 123–6, 154
Romani
activism 10–11
activists 2, 21n.5, 29, 96, 155
children 18, 34, 45, 52, 71–101, 128n.1, 131, 139, 144, 152–4
Community Act (Slovenia, 2007) 38
female scholars 10
migration 57–8, 152
migrants 10–11, 32, 35, 56, 61–3, 116, 152
movement 35, 43, 79, 132, 134–5
studies 7, 26
women 22n.10, 46–7, 69, 134, 137
Romania 21n.7, 30–1, 40–1, 60, 71–3, 78, 96, 141
Romaphobia 4–7
 
sabotage 19, 129–48, 154–5
Salvini, Matteo 4, 72, 142
Sampani and Others v. Greece (2012) 18, 74, 93–4, 153
Sampani case see Sampani and Others v. Greece
Sampanis and Others v. Greece (2008) 18, 74, 82, 86–8, 93, 153
Sampanis case see Sampanis and Others v. Greece
Sarkozy, Nicolas 52, 59, 61
segregation 18, 34, 71–101, 152–4
racial 89, 94, 99, 154
school 18, 37, 71–101,152
Sejdić and Finci v. BIH 130–1, 133, 139
Sejdić and Finci case see Sejdić and Finci v. BIH
‘separate but equal’ 77, 79, 81
Serbia 40, 63–4, 116, 139, 148n.4
Shaw, Jo 109
Sinti 5, 21n.5, 29, 36, 72
slavery 78–9, 122
Slovakia 3, 21n.7, 30, 36, 38, 40, 46, 96, 98, 114, 141
Slovenia 21n.7, 38–9, 40, 95, 117
Socialism 3, 95, 127, 154
socio-economic
disadvantage 74, 117, 131–2, 143, 148–50
integration 27, 35, 42, 45
socio-legal 7, 14, 99, 108–9, 111, 149
Spain 10, 21n.7, 27, 29, 36–7, 40, 45, 107
spatial separation 74, 79, 89, 91, 95, 153
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty 12, 29, 148n.2
stateless 18
statelessness 18, 19, 66
administrative 108, 112, 115, 126
de facto 107, 116
de jure 107–8, 113, 115–17, 119, 122
minority 102–28
structural 108, 112
sterilisation 37, 46–7, 79, 151
Štiks, Igor 109
strategic litigation 94, 96, 134, 147, 152
Sweden 21n.7, 36
 
Taylor, Charles 13, 78
Temporary Protection Directive 1, 20n.2
territory 5, 7, 10, 17–18, 36, 52, 58, 64, 106, 109, 113, 117, 121–2, 150
territoriality 17
ethical 52–4, 57, 65, 69
Travellers 5, 21n.5, 37, 51n.5, 54
 
United Kingdom 10, 19, 31–2, 36, 51n.4, 83, 105, 107, 125–6, 140, 154
United Nations 17
Convention Relation to the Status of Stateless Persons 101, 120
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 17, 48–9, 67
High Commissioner for Refugees 18, 106, 120
Global Action Plan to End Statelessness 2014–2024 103, 108
Global Trends 105, 118, 120
Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons 107
Prato Conclusions 107, 116
Statelessness Report 103, 108–9
International Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 68
Universal Declaration of Human Rights 64
UN see United Nations
United States 9, 15, 17–18, 18, 40, 44–6, 50, 67, 76–83, 94–9, 111, 122, 130, 153
Supreme Court 77, 79–86, 96, 99, 111
US see United States
 
Vajda, Violeta 26
VAMA featuring Ralflo 52, 61
van Baar, Huub 42–3, 56
Vermeersch, Peter 21n.5, 43, 142
visa liberalisation 53, 63, 139–40
 
Wekker, Gloria 26
welfare tourism 62–3
West, Cornel 78
Western Balkans 53, 63–4, 140
Windrush 19, 105, 125–6, 154
whiteness
critical 26
methodological 26
World Bank 40–1, 71, 75–6, 100
World Romani Congress 2, 134
World War II 1, 55, 113, 125, 143
 
Yugoslav wars 1, 72, 87, 116, 147
Yugoslavia 55, 95, 97, 103, 113, 115–17
disintegration 19, 33, 35, 39, 118, 131

The Fringes of Citizenship

Romani Minorities in Europe and Civic Marginalisation

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