Index
in Brothers in the Great War

Index

Ackerley, Joe 8081, 170171
advice literature 3, 86, 124
afterlife 215
in fraternal accounts 169170, 214215
see also religion
age gaps 20, 24, 78, 96, 104n7
Ahmed, Sara 20, 31, 235
anger 70n235, 115117, 171, 190, 203, 209, 218221, 225, 231n99
and commemoration 218219
anniversaries 42, 53, 198, 249, 253
anonymisation 36, 236238, 256, 270
countered by sibling memory keeping 3637, 243256, 270
anti-Germanism 150, 187188, 197n122, 218222
anti-Semitism 9192
anxiety 27, 4546, 49, 101102, 111114, 117118, 126, 184190
and brothers missing in action 27, 185186, 191, 213, 216
and reassuring families 188189, 226
Appleton, Edith 42, 130, 185186
Atkins, Annette 24, 47, 109n128
aunts 31, 139, 200, 203
autobiographical works see memoirs
Bailey, Peter 142
Baines siblings (Arnold, Dodo, Gilbert, Jack, Jock, Keenie, Ralph, Willie) 3, 8, 17, 22, 33, 39, 206
Barbellion, W. N. P. see Cummings brothers
bed sharing 8587
Bellerby, Frances 253
birth order 1315, 3435, 7980, 131, 182183
Bliss, Arthur 49, 252255, 262n101
Blunden, Edmund 175
body shields 8788
Bourke, Joanna 211
Boys’ Brigade see youth movements
Boy Scouts see youth movements
Brett Young, Francis 203
Brittain, Vera 6, 8, 18, 30, 3233, 4142, 4546, 57n30, 63n121, 114, 116, 130, 155, 172173, 203, 227n20, 236
brotherhoods 2, 1012, 26, 127, 265
and British Antarctic Expedition 10
continuum of male relationships 12, 7879, 166, 168, 219220
military brotherhood 1112, 167168, 265
and disruption by brothers serving together 168, 173178
see also sisterhoods
bullying 8182, 247248
calculative patriotism 142143
Campbell brothers (Pat and Percy) 1, 3637, 110111, 114, 209210, 236, 244245, 248249
Cannadine, David 4, 156, 165n107
caring 2223, 8691, 268
and burden on siblings 2425
and gender roles 2325
emotional significance of 2324
for weaker siblings 25, 8182, 8788, 90, 151152
Carrington, Charles 97, 168, 215216
Cartmell, Harry 137138, 146147, 150152
casualties 27, 34, 36, 87, 126, 143, 169, 172, 175, 186187, 200, 227n8, 236
Cearns brothers (Percy, Frank and Will) 33, 8588, 9899, 113114, 171172, 180, 235236
censorship 4445, 71n249, 180181, 184, 195n76
self-censorship 22, 45, 4750, 167, 208209
Chesterton brothers (Cecil and George) 8081, 246
Church Lad’s Brigade see youth movements
Clarion movement see outdoor movements
Collings brothers (Francis and Sid) 168, 214215
Commonwealth War Graves Commission 236237
communicative silence 38
communities of emotion see emotional communities
comradeship see brotherhoods, military brotherhood
confidences 4750, 8687
conscientious objectors 1011, 32, 50, 97, 147, 206208, 248, 267
and serving brothers 50, 97, 206207
conscription 142143, 158, 162n48, 235
and brothers 3132, 114115, 126127
and domestic responsibilities 142143
and family businesses 143146, 150
and one-person businesses 145146
cowardice 167, 170, 179, 182, 219, 222223, 232n120, 248
Cummings brothers (Arthur and Bruce) 7980, 111112
Das, Santanu 12, 85, 99–100
Davidoff, Leonore 18, 3435, 266
deaths of brothers 15, 3435, 170171, 173178, 187, 199226
deaths of close friends 12, 211, 216217, 219220
Deceased Brother’s Widow’s Marriage Act see marriage laws
Denning (Lord), Alfred Thompson ‘Tom’ 234235, 243244, 251252, 255
diaries 3942, 45, 185186, 215
Dodsworth sisters (Do, Eve and Kit) 8687, 90, 113, 130, 153154, 168169
domestic service 19, 8485, 139140
Dorgan brothers (Jack and Nickell) 222223
Drinkwater brothers (Francis, Jonathan and Oscar) 236237
embrace 85, 99100, 102103, 112113, 173174
dying embrace 173174
emotional communities 3132, 9697, 113, 191, 202, 204, 265266
communities of mourning 6–7, 37, 200202, 204205, 208, 212, 228n29, 238, 245246
emotional formation 30
emotional intersections 3032, 34, 41, 81, 90, 102103, 126, 141143, 159, 222, 257, 265266
emotional labour 203, 253
emotional refuges 3233
emotional regimes 3032, 69n205, 69n206, 69n208, 265266
emotional restraint 24, 28, 3031, 3338, 112114, 167, 179180, 201203, 210216, 223, 254256
and compassionate policing of 3233, 112, 167, 209211, 269270
endurance 33, 166
esprit de corps see brotherhoods, military brotherhood
Falk brothers (Cecil, Eric and Geoff) 41, 49, 77, 8384, 9394, 126127, 201
families 2–3, 1314
blended families 1314
family size 3, 13, 55n10
long family 2–3, 266
regimental family 9
family culture 3, 2425, 2829, 78, 80, 8285, 90, 199, 235, 247, 266
and breach of 8082, 247248
Family Life and Work Experience survey 13, 1920, 58n52, 105n38
family practices 2223, 64n142, 86, 267
family values see family culture
FANY see First Aid Nursing Yeomanry
Farmiloe, Edith 240241
farming 148, 150, 152
fatalism 115, 119, 131
fatherhood 17, 2324, 266
fear 120121, 166168, 178182
First Aid Nursing Yeomanry 17, 123, 155
Foxell brothers (Edward, Jack and Maurice) 6, 16, 250251
Francis brothers (Harry and Ted) 129, 166, 168, 171
fraternal advice 84, 9193, 183
generations 4–5, 7
generational comparisons 116117
and transition of memories 54
war generation 1, 4–7, 38, 115117, 205, 225, 234, 256
ghosts see afterlife
Gill, Eric 239240
Gorer, Geoffrey 3536, 242
graves 44, 178, 188, 222, 236
and fraternal visits 188189
Graves siblings (Charles, Robert and Rosaleen) 14, 214, 116117
Gregory, Adrian 111, 136n84, 140, 142, 162n39
grief, loss and bereavement 6–7, 27, 3436, 87, 97, 175178, 256257
and burden of filial support 191, 206209, 225226, 269
discomfort 223226
disenfranchisement of grief 31, 203, 225
and emotional conventions 202
First World War as watershed 3436, 268269
flight to privacy 3334, 201202, 210214, 221, 225
fraternal grief 3637, 43, 209210
grief narratives 245249, 256257
ideals of a ‘good’ death 178, 216, 223, 237
longevity of 54, 198, 222, 244245, 247, 255
maternal grief 199210
and privileging of 199, 204208, 213214, 225226, 227n24, 269
sympathy for grieving brothers 3334, 167, 210212
Grigson, Geoffrey 112113, 133n18, 185, 247249
guilt 6, 8, 17, 51, 70n235, 114, 116, 119120, 123, 131, 141, 154, 171, 177178, 198, 203, 245, 257
Hamilton, Peggy 16, 123124, 184
handshake 85, 99–100, 103, 114, 207
hand holding 112, 198, 211
Hareven, Tamara 1516
Hemphill, C. Dallet 4
hero worship 80, 120, 153, 164n98
homesickness see nostalgia
Hosegood siblings (Arnold, Ellen, Gilbert and Ralph) 3, 15, 3334
Hoskyns siblings (Joyce and Norman) 27, 256
household economies 138139, 141, 144
contribution of young men and women 138141, 150151, 268
Housman, A. E. 217, 230n90
humour 41, 9899, 111112, 180181
immaturity 120121, 182, 217, 233
and volunteering 120121
Imperial War Graves Commission see Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Imperial War Museum 4243, 53
IWGC see Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Jalland, Pat 36, 268
kindness 20, 2829, 33, 83, 130, 191, 210, 247248, 266, 269270
kiss 99, 100101
in letters 43, 50
leave 16, 62n111, 97, 101102, 120, 189
for domestic responsibilities 122, 155156
Letham siblings (Ella, John and Tom) 16, 202204, 213
letters 21, 3850, 54, 85, 95, 178182, 184185, 199, 207, 269
condolence letters 199, 202, 204207, 212, 226
materiality of letters 43
life expectancy 199200, 226n6
literacy 4041, 199, 226
Lloyd brothers (Bill, Fred and Tom) 54, 198
lost generation see war generation
love 13, 1721, 7780, 102, 112, 117, 266, 271
as function of war writing 37, 54, 217, 234
Luard, Kate 4950, 74n323, 173174
Lucy brothers (Denis and John) 8990, 101102, 169, 178, 210, 219
male bonding 2, 11, 20, 211, 267268
marriage laws 2526
masculinities 2223, 3334, 51, 7880, 110, 142, 147148, 167168, 214215, 225, 249, 267268
breadwinning 14, 2324, 26, 51, 67n182, 80, 129, 138142, 267268
Christian masculinity 28, 81, 215, 235, 240241
physical attributes 236, 245246
‘soldier-hero’ 31, 3334, 216217, 235
street culture 8990, 102103
material memorials 235, 249252
McDougall, Grace 123, 155
memoirs 3638, 5054, 243245
memorial books 5253, 243, 245247
memory 4, 3738, 5354, 213, 229n70, 234235, 239, 243256, 258n3, 263n119, 270
middle-class siblinghood 15, 18, 25, 8687, 155
brother-brother 1, 6, 16, 32, 3637, 41, 77, 7984, 9194, 97, 110111, 114, 126127, 169171, 178, 182184, 209210, 236237, 244251
brother-sister 3, 5, 8, 18, 4748, 8687, 90, 113114, 116117, 119, 122124, 130, 153154, 172173, 189190, 202204, 213, 239241, 246247, 249
sister-sister 18, 8687, 8990, 124, 130, 153154, 168169
military service 168192
brothers’ advice regarding 8, 32, 9192, 121, 124126, 267
brothers serving together 9–10, 8988, 127130, 157, 168192
opposition to 8, 116, 129, 175177
claiming brothers for 9, 126, 176
conflict with family responsibilities 25, 141143, 150152
and domestic ties 2, 5–6, 21, 8385, 179, 269, 271
and familial pride 119120
service kinship 9, 168
and single men 32, 137138, 141, 143, 148149, 268
Military Service Act 1916 10, 59n54, 142, 149
military service tribunals 137, 142152
and exemptions 143
and sacrifice 156158
and treatment of siblings as socio-economic units 144146, 151152
Miller, Daniel 23, 2728
mining 127, 222
missing soldiers 27, 185190, 212213
Mitchison, Naomi 3, 5, 13, 18, 28, 4748, 114115, 119, 172, 247, 249
moral education 29
motherhood 2324
Morgan, David 2223
munitions 89, 92, 123124, 139140, 169
and domestic service 139140, 154
and sisters working together 89, 169
musical works 252255
National Trust 242, 260n43
nephews 16, 31, 40, 43, 54
newspapers 27, 135n62
and reporting military service tribunals 142, 146148
Nicholls, Horace 100101
nieces 16, 54, 118, 203
nostalgia 8485, 96, 98, 139140, 242
Officer Training Corps 114, 131, 170
Olsen, Stephanie 2830, 69n206
OTC see Office Training Corps
Ouditt, Sharon 7, 5253
outdoor movement 241242
and fraternal memorials 242243
Page siblings (Alf and Violet) 92, 96, 139140
Pals Battalions 9, 58n48, 119, 129, 175, 199200, 241
parcels 44, 9596
Patch, Harry 12, 53
patriotism 10, 12, 32, 116117, 141, 147, 156157, 221222, 225226, 241
photographs 4244, 95, 100101, 200, 213, 235, 241, 249
poetry 230n89, 232n115, 255257, 263n117
as fraternal memorial 217218, 220221, 224, 253255
Poor Laws 137138
and caring for dependants 137138, 150
postal service 44
Povey siblings (Alice and Tom) 8, 44, 47
propaganda 11, 116117, 124, 148149
psychoanalysis 2728,
public schools 11, 43, 8184, 103, 200, 212, 248249
and commemoration 37, 200202
public school values 28, 41, 81, 116, 126
and sibling protection 8182
Puckle siblings (George, Mollie and Phyllis) 27, 123124, 153
railway stations 112114
Rathbone, Irene 86, 115, 203, 222
Raws siblings (Alec, Goldy, Helen, Lennon and Mary) 208209, 212
Read, Herbert 167, 200, 211212, 223225, 233n127
Reddy, William 3032, 69n205
religion 11, 2829, 222, 235
and belief in afterlife 215, 239
as source of comfort 188, 202203
Roberts, Kate 52, 115116, 140
role models 1415, 8286, 102, 199, 235
romantic relationships 1213
Roper, Michael 2, 23, 27, 64n136, 66n171, 8283, 102, 125, 168, 205206, 269
Rosenwein, Barbara 31, 69n206, 265
Round siblings (Arthur, Constance, Harold and Murray) 4849, 187190, 226
Sadd siblings (Arthur and Gladys) 8485, 180181
Sanders, Valerie 74n330, 209
Sassoon, Siegfried 184, 211, 213214, 216221, 224225
school-leaving age 138
self control see emotional restraint
separation 22, 130
and employment 19, 8586, 140
and domestic service 19, 8485, 139140
and imprisonment 207208
and marriage 21, 8586, 130
and military service 41, 112113, 116, 130, 139
and public schools 103, 111
separation allowances 140141, 151
shell shock 166167, 177, 180, 182184, 195n89
medical treatment of 183184
Shewry brothers (Leonard and Walter) 120121
sibling conflict 2021, 2829, 5152, 8082, 88, 247249
sibling practices 1316, 2123, 5152, 78, 86, 147148
silence 3738, 125, 213, 247, 256257,
and silence breakers 38, 270
sisterhoods 1011, 26
see also brotherhoods
smoking 9295, 251
attitudes to women smoking 9495
sources 3854
Stapleton brothers (Arthur and Ben) 78, 80, 87, 9899
Steedman, Carolyn 39, 132n8, 161n32
stiff upper lip see emotional restraint
Strange, Julie-Marie 23, 51, 67n186, 133n16, 212
street shrines 241
superstitions 114
Tavernor brothers (Jack and Will) 45, 125
Taylor brothers (Albert and Raynor) 119120, 141, 185
Thompson, Paul 13, 19, 58n52
Turner siblings (Grace and Ray) 41, 96
uncles 16, 43, 118, 224, 245
uniforms 91, 94, 107n84, 113, 120
upper middle-class siblinghood 6, 9091, 155156
VADs see Voluntary Auxiliary Detachment
Vansittart, George 201202, 222
visiting siblings 16
on the front line 1617, 93, 9699, 101103, 120121, 172173
Voluntary Auxiliary Detachment 5, 17, 33, 45, 5253, 135n63, 153156
and sisters serving together 90, 117, 130, 154, 156, 168
VADs with serving brothers 117, 130, 172173, 189190
WAAC see Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps
Wall brothers (Dick and Percy) 50, 206208, 212
war enthusiasm 7–8, 110111
and mothers 116117
of younger siblings 115, 119122
war memorials 53, 237241, 245
Lancaster war memorial 239
and language 237238, 245
and the outdoor movement 241243
parish memorials 237239
St Mary’s church, Ayston 238
street shrines 241
war strain 178184
weeping 3335, 81, 85, 89, 99, 111113, 175176, 183, 199, 201203, 211213, 221, 223, 225, 255
West brothers (Bruce and John) 182184
white feathers 222223, 232n120
Wilkinson brothers (Anthony, Matthew and Tom) 40, 9798, 245246
wills 117118, 134n43
Winter, Jay 38, 54, 66n168, 70n232, 227n8, 228n29, 235, 258n3
Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps 17, 94, 124, 127, 144, 153, 164
women’s war work 123124, 154156
and domestic responsibilities 154156
parental opposition to 116, 123124, 154
Woollacott, Angela 18, 123
working-class siblinghood 1314, 16, 1920, 2324, 28, 137138, 141, 198199, 245246
brother-brother 24, 4041, 46, 50, 7880, 82, 8590, 98–102, 125, 128130, 141142, 168169, 198199
brother-sister 19, 24, 46, 7980, 8485, 96, 104, 137140, 146, 156, 180181
sister-sister 19, 79, 169
woundings 56n23, 97, 126, 130, 171173, 176177, 179, 186, 208209, 216
Blighty wound 171172, 193n24
recording fraternal woundings 40, 97, 236237
Wrench, Arthur 26, 42, 45
youth movements 2829

Brothers in the Great War

Siblings, masculinity and emotions

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