Selected film references
in Beyond observation

Selected film references

This filmography is not intended to be a systematic catalogue, but merely a listing of the films that are referred to at some length in this book. The listing is alphabetically by title, but disregarding definite and indefinite articles if these form part of the title (i.e. ‘The’, ‘A’, ‘An’ or foreign language equivalents). When foreign films have an established name in English, I use that by preference and give the original name in parentheses, if known, for example, Chronicle of a Summer (Chronique d’un été). When foreign films do not have an established name in English, I may offer a translation in parentheses. If the title is one proposed by the original production entity, it is indicated in italics, for example, Pour la suite du monde (For The Ones To Come) . If the translation is my own, it is not in italics, for example, Rituais e Festas Borôro (Bororo Rituals and Festivals).

The entries should not be regarded as definitive. Many of the details in the sources are contradictory: some sources date films from the year of production, others from year of release. In this listing, I have aimed to give the year of release, but release dates may vary from one country to another, or a film may have been released several times in slightly different forms. There is often a contradiction between the year indicated on the film itself and the year given in accompanying literature or on the DVD case. In this instance, I have generally preferred the year given on the film. Running times and even titles may also vary for a range of different reasons. In many instances, I have made a judgement as to which source of information is most likely to be correct, but I certainly cannot guarantee to have always got it right.

Nor are the entries comprehensive. In general, I list only the director(s) of the film, though when there has been a consultant anthropologist and I know their name, I include them as well, indicated by the abbreviaton ‘Anth.:’. Where I know the film to have been part of a series of some kind, or a television ‘strand’ (a recurrent series of series, continuing over several years) I list that too. All the films should be presumed to be in colour, unless it is indicated that they are monochrome by the abbreviation ‘b&w’ (i.e. black and white). Similarly, all films should be assumed to have sound unless indicated to the contrary.

Often the entity responsible for the production is not clear from the sources, nor from the film itself: here too, I have often made what is only a partially informed judgement as to the entity principally responsible. When a film is distributed by an agency that I know to be different from the production entity, I include that as well, indicated by the abbreviation ‘Dist.’. A given film may be distributed by more than one agency but in most instances, I give only the one best known to me or most likely to be accessible to readers of this book. Many early films can be accessed through my own website, The Silent Time Machine, at www.silenttimemachine.net.

A number of production or distribution agencies recur frequently in the listing, and I refer to them by the following acronyms or abbreviations:

AIAS/AIATSIS – Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, which in 1989 became the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.

ANU – Department of Anthropology, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.

BFI – the national British Film Institute, which distributes films both online and in the form of DVDs. One can access the BFI archives at www.bfi.org.uk/archive-collections.

CNC (Centre national du cinéma) – this includes the French national film archive which holds a large collection of early films of ethnographic interest, many of which have been digitised. The online catalogue can be consulted via www.cnc-aff.fr/internet_cnc/Home.aspx?Menu=MNU_ACCUEIL.

CNRS Images – the audiovisual department of the French national research institute, the Centre National de Recherches Scientifiques. See http://videotheque.cnrs.fr/ for a complete listing of ethnographic films available online or in the form of DVDs.

DER – Documentary Educational Resources, based in Watertown, on the outskirts of Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Founded by ethnographic film-makers John Marshall and Timothy Asch in 1968. For a comprehensive listing of films distributed by DER, see www.der.org. Many of their films are also distributed through the online streaming platform, Kanopy, at www.kanopy.com.

Penn Museum – this is the abbreviated name of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. This museum offers a substantial archive of films of ethnographic interest online, most of which it produced itself. See https://archive.org/details/UPMAA_films&tab=collection.

NFB/ONF – National Film Board/Office National du Film, Canada. Many of their films are now available online at www.nfb.ca or through the Kanopy on-line streaming platform at www.kanopy.com.

RAI (UK) – Royal Anthropological Institute, based in London, UK (not to be confused with RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana, the Italian state broadcasting company). For a comprehensive listing of films distributed by the Royal Anthropological Institute, see www.rai.org.uk/film.

Across the Tracks: the Vlach Gypsies in Hungary. John Blake. 1988. 52 min. Anth.: Michael Stewart. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Age of Reason, The. David MacDougall. 2004. 86 min. Doon School Quintet, no. 5. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Altar of Fire. Robert Gardner and J.F.Staal. 1976. 45 min. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

American Family, An. Craig Gilbert. 1973. 720 min. A television series in 12 parts. PBS Television.

Argument About A Marriage, An. John Marshall. 1969. 18 min. The !Kung series. Center for Documentary Anthropology (later DER). Dist.: DER.

Ark, The. Molly Dineen. 1993. 240 min. Television series in 4 parts. BBC Television. Dist.: BFI.

Art of Regret, The. Judith MacDougall and Kathy Zhang. 2007. 60 min. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

At Patantja Claypan. Ian Dunlop. 1967. 55 min. b&w. Australian Commonwealth Film Unit for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Dist.: Film Australia.

At the Time of Whaling. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kammerling. 1974. 38 min. Alaska Native Heritage Film Project, Alaska University Museum. Dist.: DER.

At the Winter Sea Ice Camp. Robert Young. 1967. 137 mins (in four parts). Anth.: Asen Balikci. The Netsilik Eskimo series. Education Development Center and NFB/ONF. Dist.: NFB/ONF via www.nfb.ca/subjects/inuit/netsilik . Also via www.kanopy.com .

Au pays des Dogons (In the Land of the Dogons). Marcel Griaule. 1941. 11 min. b&w. Société des Films Sirius. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse in the DVD collection, Jean Rouch: une aventure africaine, 2010.

Au pays des mages noirs (In the Land of the Black Wizards). Jean Rouch, Pierre Ponty and Jean Sauvy. 1947. 13 min. b&w. Actualités françaises. Dist.: Kinofilm.

Awareness. David and Judith MacDougall. 2010. 67 min. Rishi Valley trilogy, no. 3. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Ax Fight, The. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon. 1975. 30 min. Pennsylvania State University. Dist.: DER.

Baka: People of the Rainforest. Phil Agland. 1987. 104 min. DJA River Films for Channel 4 Television.

Baka: A Cry from the Rainforest. Phil Agland. 2013. 89 min. River Films for Channel 4 Television.

Balinese Family, A. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1951. 20 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series.

Balinese Trance Seance, A. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1980. 30 min. Anth.: Linda Connor. ANU. Dist.: DER and RAI (UK).

Basques of Santazi, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1987. 52 min. Anth.: Sandra Ott. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Bataille sur le grand fleuve (Battle on the Big River). Jean Rouch. 1952. 33 min. IFAN/CNC/ Musée de l’Homme. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Bathing Babies in Three Cultures. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1954. 12 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series.

Before Columbus. Brian Moser. 1993. 153 min. Anth.: Stephan Schwartzman. Television series in 3 parts. Central Television.

Beyond the Clouds. Phil Agland. 1994. 336 min. Television series in 7 parts. River Films for Channel 4.

Bitter Roots: The Ends of a Kalahari Myth. Adrian Strong. 2010. 71 min. Anth.: Claire Ritchie. Dist.: DER.

Blunden Harbor. Robert Gardner with William Heick. 1951. 22 min. b&w. Dist.: DER.

Bougainville. Patrick O’Reilly. 1935/early 1970s. 70/37 min. b&w. Dist.: CNRS online videothèque.

Buffalo Dance. W.K-L. Dickson and William Heise. 1894. 15 sec. b&w. silent. Edison Manufacturing Co. Dist.: Library of Congress, Washington online film collection.

Buschmann Spricht in den Phonographen (A Bushmann Speaks into the Phonograph). Rudolf Pöch. 1908/1984. 56 sec. b&w. Viewable at www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2bdPlcrMX4 .

Caught in a Web. Toni de Bromhead. 1986. 156 min. Television series in 3 parts. Channel 4 Television.

Celebration of Origins, A. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1993. Anth.: E. Douglas Lewis. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Celso and Cora: A Manila Story. Gary Kildea. 1983. 104 min. Australian Film Commission and Nippon-AV. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Chester Grimes. David Hancock and Herb di Gioia. 1972. 50 min. The Vermont Center for Cultural Studies Inc.

Childhood Rivalry. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1954. 16 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series.

Chronicle of a Summer (Chronique d’un été). Jean Rouch and Edgar Morin. 1961. 90 min. b&w. Argos films. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse (original French version); Criterion (subtitled English version).

Cimetières dans la falaise (Cemeteries in the Cliff Face). Jean Rouch. 20 min. Anth.: Marcel Griaule and Germaine Dieterlen. IFAN/CNC/Musée de l’Homme. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

City on the Steppes, The. Brian Moser. 1975. 52 min. Mongolia series. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Clearing in the Jungle, A. Charlie Nairn. 1970. 38 min. Anth.: Jean-Paul Dumont. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Conversations with Dundiwuy. Ian Dunlop. 1995. 50 min. Film Australia. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Corumbiara. Vincent Carelli. 2009. 117 min. Video in the Villages.

Croisière noire, La. Léon Poirier. 1926. 52 min. b&w. Société anonyme André Citroën.

Cuyagua – Devil Dancers. Paul Henley with Georges Drion. 1986. 52 min. National Film and Television School and Royal Anthropological Institute. Re-edited and re-mastered in 2011, 41 min. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Cuyagua – The Saint with Two Faces. Paul Henley with Georges Drion. 1987. 56 min. National Film and Television School and Royal Anthropological Institute. Re-edited and re-mastered in 2011, 43 min. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Dama d’Ambara, Le (The Dama of Ambara). Jean Rouch and Germaine Dieterlen. 1980. 62 min. Comité du film ethnographique. Dist.: CNRS Images.

Dances of the Kwakiutl. Robert Gardner with William Heick. 1951. 9 min. Dist.: DER.

Danse indienne (Indian Dance). Gabriel Veyre. 1898. 50 sec. (?). b&w. silent. Lumière Frères.

Dead Birds. Robert Gardner. 1964. 83 min. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

Deep Hearts. Robert Gardner. 1979. 49 min. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

Delhi: Die Grosse Stadt in Vorderindien (Delhi: Great Capital of India). Unknown director. 1909. 4 min. stencil-coloured. silent. Pathé Frères. Dist.: BFI online collection.

Dervishes of Kurdistan. Brian Moser. 1973. 52 min. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Descending with Angels. Christian Suhr. 2013. 74 min. Persona Films. Dist.: DER.

Desert People. Ian Dunlop. 1967. 49 min. b&w. Australian Commonwealth Film Unit for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Dist.: Film Australia.

Diary of a Maasai Village. Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. 1985. 220 min. In five parts. BBC Bristol. Dist.: DER.

Dinner Party, The. Paul Watson. 1997. 50 min. Channel 4 Television.

Divorce Iranian Style. Kim Longinotto. 1998. 80 min. Anth.: Ziba Mir-Hosseini. Channel 4 Television.

Diya. Judith MacDougall. 2001. 55 min. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Djungguwan at Gurka’wuy. Ian Dunlop. 1989. 233 min. Anth.: Howard Morphy. Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Dist.: Film Australia.

Doon School Chronicles. David MacDougall. 2000. 140 min. Doon School Quintet, no. 1. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI.

Dreams from the Forest. Jean-Paul Davidson. 1990. 50 min. Anth.: Thomas Gregor. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Duka's Dilemma. A Visit to Hamar, Southern Ethiopia. Jean Lydall and Kaira Strecker. 2001. 87 min. IWF Knowledge and Media. Dist.: DER.

Dust and Ashes. Michael Yorke. 1989. 50 min. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Duwayne Masure. Herb di Gioia and David Hancock. 40 min. b&w. University of California Los Angeles, Motion Pictures Division. MFA Thesis Film.

Elephant Boy. Robert J. Flaherty and Zoltan Korda. 1937. 85 min. b&w. London Films/United Artists.

Eskimo, The: Fight for Life. Robert Young. 1970. 50 min. Anth.: Asen Balikci. Education Development Center. Dist.: Memorial University Newfoundland Distance Learning and Teaching Support. http://collections.mun.ca/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/extension&CISOPTR=2974

Eskimos of Pond Inlet: The People's Land. Michael Grigsby. 1977. 52 min. Anth.: Hugh Brody. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Eu já virei espirito (I Have Already Become A Spirit). Carlos Fausto and Takumã Kuikuru. 2013. 18 min. Video in the Villages.

Eux et Moi (Them and Me). Stéphane Breton. 2001. 63 min. Les Films d’Ici for Arte (France).

Face Values. David Cordingley. 1978. 365 min. Anth.: Jeremy Boissevain, Patricia Caplan, Anthony Forge, Jean La Fontaine, Anne Sutherland, Terence Turner. Television series in 7 parts. BBC Television.

Factory, The. Paul Watson. 1995. 250 min. Television series in 5 parts. Granada Television for Channel 4.

Familiar Places. David MacDougall. 1980. 50 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Family, The. Paul Watson. 1974. 360 min. A television series in 12 parts. BBC.

Family of Man. John Percival. 1969–70. 350 min. Anth.: Roger Ballard, Thomas Larson and Andrew Strathern. A television series in 7 parts. BBC.

Feast, The. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon. 1970. 29 min. Pennsylvania State University. Dist.: DER.

Feathered Arrows. Jean-Paul Davidson. 1990. 50 min. Anth.: Thomas Gregor. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Fire Will Eat Us. Leslie Woodhead. 2001. 75 min. Anth.: David Turton. Granada Television for Channel 4.

First Days in the Life of a New Guinea Baby. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1952. 15 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series.

Fishing at the Stone Weir, Parts 1 & 2. Douglas Wilkinson and Quentin Brown. 1967. Anth.: Asen Balikci. 57 min. NFB/ONF.

Fishing Party, The. Paul Watson. 1986. 40 min. BBC Television.

Foreign Parts. Véréna Paravel and John Paul Sniadecki. 2010. 80 min. Sensory Ethnography Lab, University of Harvard.

Forest of Bliss. Robert Gardner. 1985. 89 min. Anth.: Àkos Östör. Film Study Center, Harvard University.

Forest People (Lesnye liudi). Alexander Litvinov. 1928. 45 min. b&w. silent. Sovkino.

From the Ikpeng Children to the World. Natuyu Yuwipo Txicão, Karané Txicão and Kumaré Txicão. 2002. 35 min. Video in the Villages. Dist.: DER.

Gaea Girls. Kim Longinotto and Jano Williams. 2000. 106 min. Channel 4 Television.

Gandhi's Children. David MacDougall. 2008. 185 min. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, Australian National University. Dist.: RAI (UK).

God Gave Us the Leaf. Brian Moser. 1985. 53 min. Anth.: Mauricio Mamani. Frontier series. ATV.

Good-bye Old Man. David MacDougall. 1977. 70 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Grass – A Nation's Battle for Life. Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack. 1925. 71 min. b&w. silent. Paramount/Famous Players Lasky. Dist.: Milestone Films.

Group of Women, A. John Marshall. 1961. 5 min. The !Kung series. Center for Documentary Anthropology (later DER).

Guardians of the Flutes: the secrets of male initiation. Paul Reddish. 1994. 50 min. Anth.: Gilbert Herdt. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Heart of the Angel, The. Molly Dineen. 1989. 40 min. BBC Television.

HMS Brilliant. Chris Terrill. 1995. 300 min. Television series in 6 parts. BBC Television.

Hopi Indians of the Southwest and Snake Dance of the 9th Day. Unknown director. 1925. 17 min. b&w. silent. American Museum of Natural History.

House-Opening, The. Judith MacDougall. 1980. 45 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Hunters, The. John Marshall. 1957. 72 min. The !Kung series. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

Hyperwomen, The. Leonardo Sette, Carlos Fausto. 2011. 80 min. Video in the Villages.

Iauaretê – Waterfall of the Jaguars. Vincent Carelli. 2006. 48 min. Video in the Villages.

Ika Hands. Robert Gardner. 1988. 58 min. Film Study Center, University of Harvard. Dist.: DER.

Imbalu: Ritual of Manhood of the Gisu of Uganda. Richard Hawkins and Suzette Heald. 1988. 69 min. University of California Los Angeles, Ethnographic Film Program. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Imbé Gikegü (Scent of the Pequi Fruit). Takumã and Maricá Kuikuro. 2006. 36 min. Video in the Villages.

In Search of a Bororo Mr. Right. Flavia Kremer. 2019. 30 min. University of Manchester, Brazilian Ministry of Culture.

In the Land of the Head Hunters: A Drama of Primitive Life on the Shores of the North Pacific. Edward S. Curtis. 1914. Originally approx 90 min. b&w (colour tinted). Re-released in a substantially re-edited 47-minute form 1973 as In the Land of the War Canoes by Bill Holm and George Quimby. Released for a third time in 2008, under the original title and closer to the original editorial structure, by Milestone Films in a 66-min. version supervised by Brad Evans and Aaron Glass.

Jaguar. Jean Rouch. 1971. 92 min. Les Films de la Pléiade. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Jero on Jero: A Balinese Trance Seance Observed. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 17 min. Anth.: Linda Connor. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Jero Tapakan: Stories from the Life of a Balinese Healer. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1983. 26 min. Anth.: Linda Connor. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Joking Relationship, A. John Marshall. 1962. 13 min. The !Kung series. Center for Documentary Anthropology (later DER).

Kalahari Family, A. John Marshall. 2002. 330 min. Television series in 5 parts. Dist.: DER.

Kalanda- The Knowledge of the Bush. Lorenzo Ferrarini. 2015. 62 min. Dist.: lorenzoferrarini.com .

Karam in Jaipur. David MacDougall. 2001. 54 min. Doon School Quintet, no. 3. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Karba's First Years. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1952. 20 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series.

Kataragama – A God for All Seasons. Charlie Nairn. 1973. 52 min. Anth.: Gananath Obeysekere. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Kazakhs, The. André Singer. 1983. 52 min. Anth.: Shirin Akiner. Inside China series. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Kenya Boran. David MacDougall and James Blue. 1974. Parts I and II. 33 min. each part. Anth.: Paul Baxter. Faces of Change series. American Universities Field Staff. Dist.: DER.

Kirghiz of Afghanistan, The. (1975). Charlie Nairn. 1975. 52 min. Anth.: M. Nazif Shahrani. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Koriam's Law and the Dead who Govern. Gary Kildea and Andrea Simon. 2005. 110 min. Anth.: Andrew Lattas. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU and Arcadia Pictures, New York. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Kula – Argonauts of the Western Pacific. Yasuko Ichioka. 1971. 66 min. Our Wonderful World series. Nippon A–V.

Kwakiutl of British Columbia, The: a Documentary by Franz Boas. Franz Boas and Bill Holm. 1930/1972. 48 min. b&w. Footage shot by Boas in 1930 and re-edited by Holm in 1972. Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle.

Kwegu, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1982. 52 min. Anth.: David Turton. Disappearing World strand. Rebroadcast in 1985 as part of the In Search of Cool Ground trilogy. Granada Television.

Land of the Long Day. Douglas Wilkinson. 1952. 38 min. NFB/ONF.

Land is Bad, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1991. 52 min. Anth.: David Turton. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Land Without Bread (Las Hurdes – Tierra sin pan). Luis Buñuel. 1933. 30 min. b&w.

Last of the Cuiva, The. Brian Moser. 1971. 65 min. Anth.: Bernard Arcand. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Leap Across the Cattle, The: an initiation rite of the Hamar, southern Ethiopia. Ivo Strecker. 1979. 46 min. IWF.

Learning to Dance in Bali. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1978. 10 min. b&w.

Left-handed Man of Madagascar, The. Jeremy Marre. 1990. 50 min. Anth.: John Mack. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Leviathan. Véréna Paravel and Lucien Taylor. 2012. 87 min. Sensory Ethnography Lab, University of Harvard.

Life Apart, A. Michael Grigsby. 1973. 65 min. Granada Television.

Link-Up Diary. David MacDougall. 1987. 86 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Living with the Revolution. Leslie Woodhead. 1983. 52 min. Anth.: Barbara Hazard. Inside China series. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Lorang's Way: A Turkana Man. David and Judith MacDougall. 1979. 69 min. Turkana Conversations series, no. 1. Rice University Media Center. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Louisiana Story. Robert Flaherty. 1948. 78 min. b&w. Standard Oil.

Loved by a Maori Chieftess. Gaston Méliès. 1913. 34 min. b&w. Star Film.

Madame l’eau. Jean Rouch. 1992. 103/120/135 min. (various versions). NF1/SODAPERAGA/BBC.

Madarrpa Funeral at Gurka’wuy. Ian Dunlop. 1979. 88 min. Anth.: Howard Morphy. Film Australia. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Magical Death. Napoleon Chagnon. 1973. 29 min. Pennsylvania State University. Dist.: DER.

Maîtres fous, Les (The Mad Masters). Jean Rouch. 1955. 29 min. Les Films de la Pléiade. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Man of Aran. Robert Flaherty. 1934. 77 min. b&w. Gainsborough Pictures.

Manakamana. Stephanie Spray and Pacho Velez. 2014. 111 min. Sensory Ethnography Lab, University of Harvard.

Marathon. Robert Gardner and Joyce Chopra. 1965. 28 min. Film Study Center, Harvard.

Martírio. Vincent Carelli. Co-directed by Ernest de Carvalho and Tita (Tatiana Soares de Almeida). 2016. 162 min. Papo Amarelo and Video in the Villages.

Masai Manhood. Chris Curling. 1975. 52 min. Anth.: Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Masai Women. Chris Curling. 1974. 52 min. Anth.: Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Matto Grosso, the Great Brazilian Wilderness. John Clarke, Floyd Crosby and David Newell. 1932. 48 min. b&w. Dist.: Penn Museum.

Medium Is the Masseuse, The: A Balinese Massage with Jero Tapakan. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1983. 30 min. Anth.: Linda Connor. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Meeting the Ancestors (A Arca dos Zo’é). Vincent Carelli. 1993. 22 min. Anth.: Dominique Gallois. Video in the Villages. Dist.: DER.

Mehinaku, The. Carlos Pasini. 1974. 52 min. Anth.: Thomas Gregor. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Memories and Dreams. Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. 1993. 90 min. Fine Cut television strand. BBC Television.

Men Bathing. John Marshall. 1973. 14 min. !Kung series. DER.

Migrants, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1985. 52 min. Anth.: David Turton. In Search of Cool Ground trilogy, Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Millenium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World. Adrian Malone. 1992. 600 min. Anth.: David Maybury-Lewis. Television series in 10 parts. Adrian Malone Productions.

Moana: A Romance of the Golden Age. Robert Flaherty. 1926. 85 min. Famous Players-Lasky Corporation.

Moi, un Noir (Me, a Black Man). Jean Rouch. 1960. 73 min. Les Films de la Pléiade. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Mursi, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1974. 52 min. Anth.: David Turton. Disappearing World strand. Rebroadcast in 1985 as part of the In Search of Cool Ground trilogy. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

N/um Tchai: the Ceremonial Dance of the !Kung Bushmen. John Marshall. 1969. 20 min. b&w. The !Kung series. Center for Documentary Anthropology (later DER).

N!ai: the story of a !Kung woman. John Marshall and Adrienne Miesmer. 1980. 58 min. The !Kung series. DER.

Naim and Jabar. Herb di Gioia and David Hancock. 1974. 50 min. Faces of Change series. Dist.: DER.

Nanook of the North. Robert Flaherty. 1922. 65 min. Revillon Frères.

Native Land. Tim Raynor. 1989. Anth.: Nigel Barley. Television series in 6 parts. Channel 4 Television.

Navajo Film Themselves. Mike Anderson, Mary Jane Tsosie, Maxine Tsosie, Susie Benally, John Nelson, Alfred Clah, Alta Kahn. 1966. 125 min. b&w. Silent. Series of 7 films. University of Pennsylvania. Dist.: Penn Museum.

Nawi. David and Judith MacDougall. 1970. 20 min. University of California Los Angeles, Ethnographic Film Program. Dist.: RAI (UK).

New Boys, The. David MacDougall. 2003.100 min. Doon School Quintet, no. 4 . Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Newest Revolution, The. Leslie Woodhead. 1983. 52 min. Anth.: Barbara Hazard. Inside China series. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Ngat is Dead: Studying Mortuary Traditions. Christian Suhr and Ton Otto. 2009. 59 min. Moesgaard Film. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Nguné Elü (The Day the Moon Menstruated). Takumã and Maricá Kuikuro. 2004. 28 min. Video in the Villages.

Nine Forsaken Fragments. Robert Gardner. 2009. 50 min. Studio7Arts.

Nitha. Leslie Woodhead. 1991. 52 min. Anth.: David Turton. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Nomads. Various directors. 1991. Television series of 4 parts. Malone Gill for Channel 4 Television.

Nuer, The. Hilary Harris and George Breidenbach, with the assistance of Robert Gardner. 1971. 73 min. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

On the Edge of the Gobi. Brian Moser. 1975. 52 min. Mongolia series. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

On the Spring Ice. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling. 1975. 45 min. Alaska Native Heritage Film Project, Alaska University Museum. Dist.: DER.

Ongka's Big Moka. Charlie Nairn. 1974. 52 min. Anth.: Andrew Strathern. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Our Way of Loving. Joanna Head and Jean Lydall. 1994. 50 min. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Panare, The: Scenes from the Frontier. Chris Curling. 1982. 55 min. Anth.: Paul Henley. Worlds Apart strand. BBC Television (Bristol). Dist.: RAI (UK).

People of the Australian Western Desert. Ian Dunlop. 1967. 314 min. b&w. A series in 19 parts. Australian Commonwealth Film Unit for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Dist.: Film Australia.

People of the Barrio. Brian Moser. 1980. 52 min. Anth.: Caroline Moser. ATV Television.

People of the Islands. Hugh Brody. 1982. 80 min. Channel 4 Television.

Peter and Jane Flint. David Hancock and Herb di Gioia. 1975. 120 min. The Vermont Center for Cultural Studies Inc.

Peter Murray. David Hancock and Herb di Gioia. 1975. 50 min. The Vermont Center for Cultural Studies Inc.

Photo Wallahs: An Encounter with Photography in Mussoorie, a North Indian Hill Station. David and Judith MacDougall. 1991. 59 min. Oxnard Film Production. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Piraparaná. Brian Moser and Donald Tayler. 1965. 27 min. Derrick Knight and Partners.

Pirinop, My First Contact (Pïrinop, Meu Primeiro Contato). Mari Corrêa, Kumaré Txicão and Karané Txicão. 2007. 83 min. Video in the Villages.

Planète Baruya. Ian Dunlop. 1976. 202 min. Anth.: Maurice Godelier. Commonwealth Film Unit/CNRS/FR3. Dist.: CNRS Images.

Police. Charles Stewart and Roger Graeff. 1982. 405 min. Television series in 9 parts. BBC Bristol.

Pour la suite du monde (For the Ones to Come). Michel Brault and Pierre Perrault. 1962. 105 min. b&w. NFB/ONF.

Primitive Peoples of the Matto Grosso: ‘Bororo’ and Primitive Peoples of the Matto Grosso: ‘Xingu’. Ted Nemeth and Vincent Petrullo. 1941. 18 min. and 16 min. b&w. Dist.: Penn Museum website.

Pyramide humaine, La (The Human Pyramid). Jean Rouch. 1961. 88 min. Les Films de la Pléiade. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Reclaiming the Forest. Paul Henley with Georges Drion. 1985. 39 min. National Film and Television School and Royal Anthropological Institute. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Releasing the Spirits: A Village Cremation in Bali. Patsy Asch, Timothy Asch and Linda Connor. 1991. 41 min. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Rendille, The. Chris Curling. 1977. 52 min. Anth.: Anders Grum. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television.

Returning Home: Revival of a Bosnian Village. Tone Bringa and Peter Loizos. 2001. 48 min. Dist.: Nordic Anthropological Film Association.

Rêve plus fort que la mort, Le (The Dream more Powerful than Death). Jean Rouch and Bernard Surugue. 2002. 88 min. AMIP, IRD, CNRS Images, CNC, CFE, Clea Productions. Dist.: CNRS Images.

Rituais e Festas Borôro (Bororo Rituals and Festivals). Luiz Thomaz Reis. 1917. 20 min. b&w. Conselho Nacional de Proteção aos Índios. Dist.: Museo do Índio on-line archive.

Rivers of Sand. Robert Gardner. 1974. 83 min. Film Study Center, Harvard University. Dist.: DER.

Runaway. Kim Longinotto. 2001. 87 min. Anth.: Ziba Mir-Hosseini. Channel 4 Television.

Saints and Spirits: Religious Expression in Morocco. Melissa Llewelyn-Davies and Elizabeth Fernea. 1979. 26 min. Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Texas and Granada Television. Dist.: Icarus Films.

Salma. Kim Longinotto. 2013. 90 min. Channel 4 Television.

SchoolScapes: Scenes from a School in South India. David MacDougall. 2007. 77 min. Rishi Valley trilogy, no. 2. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU and Fieldwork Films. Dist.: Berkeley Media (US) and RAI (UK).

Secrets of the Tribe. José Padilha. 2010. 98 min. Avenue B/ Zazen Productions. Dist.: DER.

Shalako Ceremonial. Owen Cattell. 1923. 29 min. b&w. Silent. American Museum of Natural History.

Shaman and His Apprentice, The. Howard Reid. 1989. 50 min. Anth.: Graham Townsley. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Shanghai Vice. Phil Agland. 1999. 336 min. Television series in 7 parts. River Films for Channel 4 Television.

Sheep Rushes. Lucien Castaing-Taylor. 2007. 80 min. A series of 8 installation films. Sensory Ethnography Lab, University of Harvard.

Sigui synthèse (1967–1973). L’invention de la parole et de la mort (Sigui synthesis, 1967–73 – the Invention of Speech and of Death). Jean Rouch and Germaine Dieterlin. 1981. 120 min. Comité du Film Ethnographique, Musée de l’Homme. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Sisters in Law. Kim Longinotto and Florence Ayisi. 2005. 105 min. Channel 4 Television.

Sioux Ghost Dance. W. K.-L. Dickson and William Heise. 1894. 21 sec. b&w. silent. Edison Manufacturing Co. Dist.: Library of Congress, Washington on-line film collection.

Sixth Part of the World, A. Dziga Vertov. 1926. 73 min. b&w. silent. Sovkino. Dist.: Austrian Film Museum, DVD no. 53.

Small Family Business, A. Brian Moser. 1985. 53 min. Anth.: Stephen Hugh Jones. Frontier television series. ATV.

Soho Stories. Chris Terrill. 1996. 480 min. Television series in 12 parts. BBC Television.

Some Alien Creatures. David MacDougall. 2005. 74 min. Rishi Valley trilogy, no. 1. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Some Women of Marrakech. Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. 1977. 52 min. Anth.: Elizabeth Fernea. Anth.: Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Song of Ceylon, The. Basil Wright. 1934. 38 min. b&w. GPO Film Unit. Dist.: BFI Screenonline.

Sons of Haji Omar. Asen Balikci, Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1978. 58 min. NFB/ONF. Dist.: DER.

Sons of Shiva. Robert Gardner and Ákos Östör. 1985. 29 min. Pleasing God series. Harvard Film Study Center. Dist.: DER.

Sous les masques noirs (Beneath the Black African Masks). Marcel Griaule. 1941. 9 min. b&w. Société des Films Sirius. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse in the DVD collection, Jean Rouch: une aventure africaine, 2010.

Spear and Sword, The: A Ceremonial Payment of Bridewealth. The Island of Roti, Eastern Indonesia. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1988. 22 min. Anth.: James Fox. ANU. Dist.: DER.

Sso: rite indigène des Etons et des Manguisas. Maurice Bertaut and René Bugniet. 1935. 56 min. b&w. Haut Commissariat de la République française au Cameroun.

Storyteller, The. Jean-Paul Davidson. 1990. 50 min. Anth.: Emilienne Ireland. Bookmark strand. BBC Television.

Strangers Abroad. André Singer. 1986. 312 min. Television series in 6 parts. Central Television.

Strangeways. Rex Bloomstein. 1980. Television series in 8 parts. BBC Television.

Sunny and the Dark Horse. David and Judith MacDougall. 1986. 85 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Survivors of the Rainforest. Andy Jillings. 1994. 52 min. Anth.: Jacques Lizot. Fragile Earth strand. CSI Films for Channel 4 Television.

Sylvania Waters. Paul Watson. 1992. 360 min. Television series in 12 parts. BBC Television.

Sweetgrass. Ilisa Barbash and Lucien Castaing-Taylor. 2009. 105 min. University of Colorado at Boulder and University of Harvard. Dist.: www.cinemaguild.com

Takeover. David and Judith MacDougall. 1979. 88 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Tambours d’avant, Les: Tourou et Bitti (The Drums of Yesteryear: Tourou and Bitti). Jean Rouch. 1972. 12 min. Comité du Film Ethnographique. Dist.: Éditions Montparnasse.

Tempus de Baristas. David MacDougall. 1993. 100 min. Istituto Superiore Regionale Etnografico (Nuoro). Dist.: RAI (UK).

Through These Eyes. Charles Laird. 2004. 55 min. NFB/ONF. See www.nfb.ca/film/through_these_eyes .

Titicut Follies. Wiseman, Frederick with John Marshall. 1967. 84 min. b&w. Zipporah Films.

To Get That Country. David MacDougall. 1978. 70 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

To Live with Herds. David MacDougall. 1972. 70 min. b&w. University of California Los Angeles, Ethnographic Film Program/ Rice University Media Center. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Towards Baruya Manhood. Ian Dunlop. 1972. 465 min. In 9 parts. Anth.: Maurice Godelier. Commonwealth Film Unit. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Tracks Across Sand. The ≠Khomani San of the Southern Kalahari. The story of a land claim. Hugh Brody. 228 min. A collection of 17 films. Comic Relief, Open Channels, University of the Fraser Valley. Dist.: www.facetofacemedica.ca .

Trance and Dance in Bali. Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1952. 22 min. b&w. Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Dist.: Library of Congress on-line video collection.

Transfiction. Johannes Sjöberg. 2007. 57 min. Centre for Screen Studies, University of Manchester. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Trobriand Cricket: An Ingenious Response to Colonialism. Gary Kildea and Jerry W. Leach. 1976. Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology and others. 52 min. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Two Girls Go Hunting. Joanna Head and Jean Lydall. 1991. 50 min. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Uksuum Cauyai – The Drums of Winter. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling. 1988. 90 min. Alaska Native Heritage Film Project, Alaska University Museum. Dist.: DER.

Under the Men's Tree. David and Judith MacDougall. 1973. 15 min. b&w. University of California Los Angeles, Ethnographic Film Program. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Under the Palace Wall. David MacDougall. 2014. 53 min. Research School of the Humanities, ANU and Fieldwork Films. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Village, The. Mark McCarty and Paul Hockings. 1968. 70 min. b&w. University of Califonia Los Angeles, Ethnographic Film Program. Dist.: DER.

Voyage au Congo. André Gide and Marc Allégret. 1927. 113 min. b&w. silent. Pierre Braunberger. Dist.: Icarus Films, see icarusfilms.com/if-voy .

Waiting for Harry. Kim McKenzie. 1982. 57 min. AIAS. Dist.: RAI (UK).

War of the Gods. Brian Moser. 1971. 65 min. Anth.: Peter Silverwood-Cope, Christine and Stephen Hugh-Jones. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Water of Words, The: A Cultural Ecology of an Eastern Indonesian Island. Timothy Asch and Patsy Asch. 1983. 30 min. Anth.. James Fox. ANU. Dist.: DER.

We are All Neighbours. Debbie Christie. 1993. 52 min. Anth.: Tone Bringa. Disappearing World strand. Granada Television. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Wedding Camels, The: A Turkana Marriage. David and Judith MacDougall. 1977. 108 min. Turkana Conversations series, no. 3. Rice University Media Center. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Wife Among Wives, A. David and Judith MacDougall. 1981. 67 min. Turkana Conversations series, no. 2. Rice University Media Center. Dist.: RAI (UK).

With Morning Hearts. David MacDougall. 110 min. 2001. Doon School Quintet, no. 2. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, ANU. Dist.: RAI (UK).

Women Who Smile, The. Joanna Head and Jean Lydall. 1990. 50 min. Under the Sun strand. BBC Television.

Women's Olamal, The: the organisation of a Maasai fertility ceremony. Melissa Llewelyn-Davies. 1984. 113 min. Worlds Apart strand. BBC Television, Bristol.

Yenendi: les hommes qui font la pluie (Yenendi – the Rainmakers). Jean Rouch. 1952. 25 min. IFAN/CNC/Musée de l’Homme. Dist.: CNRS Images.

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Beyond observation

A history of authorship in ethnographic film

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