Index
in Bog bodies

Index

aapa bogs 74
Abbo of Fleury 14
Abbot Leofstan 17
accidental death 169, 199, 214
aDNA 46, 175
advocacy 251
‘after-life cycle’ approach 1, 52, 248, 268
agricultural fertility 155
agricultural tools 80, 1204, 183
ard tips 120
mallet 82, 120
mill or quern stones 120
moss rake 104
palstave 229
socketed axe 229
spade shoe 104
yokes 121
Aldhouse-Green, Miranda 49, 59, 97, 119, 206, 208
Amcotts Woman, Axholm 18, 26
amputation 1945
Andersen, Hans Christian 94
animal offerings 1245, 235
antiquarianism 4, 18, 26, 36, 557
apotropaism 18, 22, 23, 24, 158, 164, 203, 205
authenticity 69, 71, 252
Bede 14, 17
Belgium
Hautes Fagnes 86
binding 142, 143, 183, 202
biographical approach 1667, 214, 21719
blanket bog 74
bog bursts 87, 90
bog butter 1304
bog figures 15964
boggart 945, 245
bog ore 90, 11416
bog pots 125
‘bog warriors’ 100
botany 10810
boundaries 1, 51, 81, 107, 124, 192, 269
bronze vessels 127
Brothwell, Don 60, 198
Camden, William 97
carbon sequestration 3
cauldron 123, 1269
Abercairney cauldron 126
Altartate cauldron 126
Gundestrup cauldron 127
Charles II 24
Christian eschatology 16, 1718, 28, 51, 91
climate 73, 77, 96
clothing 19, 21, 23, 27, 30, 31, 32, 41, 43, 62, 13941, 142, 177, 17880
armour 23
belt 174, 186
bonnet 177
cap 185, 186
chequered garment, textiles 178
cloak/cape 139, 142, 174, 178, 180, 184, 185, 189
footwear 19, 22, 26, 141, 174, 194
shawl 139, 142
textile 139, 205
connection 122, 123, 233
conservation philosophy 60, 67, 69
containers 125, 134
leather 174
cosmos 123
Countess Moira 20, 25
crannog 85, 104, 112, 120, 150
Cromwell, Oliver 56
crossings 826
Corlea trackway 82
Derraghan More track 82
‘toghers’ or ‘tochairs’ 82
culture historic approach 44
curation 177, 201, 204, 246, 2478
‘dangerous dead’ 22, 80, 92, 171, 212
dark heritage 247, 254
decapitation 14, 20, 22, 32, 47, 56, 67, 1889, 21929, 232, 2402
Defoe, Daniel 96
‘degenerate body’ 44
Denmark 19
Bjældskovdal 125
Borremose 60, 103, 174, 184
Bukkerup Langmose 124
Daugbjerg body, Sogards Mose 246
Dejbjerg, Jutland 123
Døringe 209
Ejsbøl figure 161
Elling Woman 59, 185, 258
Fjaltring 125
Foerlev Nymølle 124
Fuglsøgaard Mose, Jutland 104, 120, 125
Haraldskaer Woman 367, 79, 178
Hedelisker bog 124, 125
Hjortspring vessel 145
Holbøl 19
Huldremose Woman 31, 59, 103
Hundstrup Mose 172
Illerup Ådal 145
Klode Mølle, Jutland 114
Korselitse bog body 19, 37, 174, 250
Krogens Møllemose 184
Krogsbølle 146
Lykkegårds Mose 185
Moesgaard Museum 70, 77, 139, 211, 259
national identity 367
Nebelgaard Mose bog 103
Nørre Smedeby bog 102, 104
Nydam 146
Rævemosen 127
Rappendam 80, 121
Rislev 172
Rorbaek 42
St Nicholai Church, Vejle 37
Silkeborg Museum 2, 257
South Zealand 49
Trondholm 123
Undelev Mose bog body, Jutland 37
Vester Torstad 57
Vimose 125
Yderick 114
see also Tollund Man 114
deposition 78, 80, 119, 154, 1589, 193, 206, 213, 269
depositional processes 29, 31, 34, 40, 55, 56
desiccation 60
Dieck, Alfred 435
dismemberment 18992
dissection 2432
drainage 81, 97, 98, 100, 127
drowning 87, 91, 93, 94, 128
ecology 6, 8, 73
Egypt 24
embalming 56, 247
enchantment 54, 271
enclosure movement 98, 106
England
Abbot Brihtwold, Malmesbury 17
Alderley Edge 238
Ampleforth, North Yorks 17
Antonine Wall 233
Ashton Man, Ashton-under-Lyne xiii, 7, 32
Ashton Moss 32, 47, 78, 95, 99
Ashton-under-Lyne 91
Askham bog, York 100
Astley Moss 217
Aurelius Lucianus, Chester 233
Austwick Common, West Yorks 55
Battle of Solway 23
Briarfield skull, Poulton-le-Fylde 229
Brigg craft 148
British Museum 255
Burwell Fen, Cambs 34
Burwell Fen bog body 23
Byland Abbey, North Yorks 17
Chat Moss, Lancs 88, 237
Chorlton bog, Lancs 93
Clayton Hall boggart, Ashton-under-Lyne 95
Crowle Church, Thorne, South Yorks 80
Danebury 200
Danes Moss, Macclesfield 105
Droylsden Moss 47, 80
Ferriby boats 148
Flag Fen, Cambs 78
Gipwell, Thornholme Moor 90
Glastonbury Lake Village, Somerset 202
Gormire lake, North Yorks 17
Grewelthorpe Moor 19, 56
Grinton in Swaledale 20, 28
Hasholme log boat 148
Hasil, Orskirk, Lancs 56
Hatfield arm 26
Hathersage, Derbys 55
Heslington East, York 202
Hope, Derbys see Hope couple
Hough Moss 89
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester 24
Jubilee Tower, Lancs 177
Kirby Malzeard 20
Leasowe Man 40
Lindow Moss 40, 45, 78, 99, 238
see also Lindow Man
Manchester Museum 221
Meols 230
Methwold 173
Moston 90
‘Nancy’, Southery 171
Ogden, Dr, Ashton-under-Lyne 21
Pilling Moss, Lancs 22, 89, 143
Silchester 235
Soham Fen, Cambs 173
Solway Moss 23, 89, 125
South Cadbury, Somerset 203
South Cave 233
Stanwick 202
Sutton Common 202
Tankerley, John, Byland Abbey 17
Thorne Moor 91
Thwing, East Yorks 105
Trigotts, South Kirby, South Yorks 19
Vindolanda 198
Vita of St Kenelm 92
Walbrook, London 235
Werneth Low 237
West Tofts 173
Whinney Moor, North Yorks 92
White Moss, Theylemoor, Derbys 89
Whixall Moss, Cheshire 20
Wyatt Moss, Lancs 81, 91
Enlightenment 13, 25, 29, 213, 299
Estonia 91
ethnography 85, 101
execution 44, 47, 147, 172, 203, 205, 213, 231, 240
exhumation 17, 30, 36, 38, 53, 55, 69, 254
exotic 123, 180, 233, 250
fauna 112
fertility 11, 48, 120, 133, 137, 164, 183
Fleming, Robert 19
folklore 21, 22, 24, 51, 58, 80, 91, 93, 96, 192, 247
see also boggart 94
foodstuff 107, 12934, 184, 185, 187, 192, 195
salt production 133, 238
sloes (blackthorn) 1924, 263
forensic trope 46, 51
France
Apt, Vaucluse 232
Entremont 232
Gournay-sur-Aronde 232
Le Cailar 231
Ribemont-sur-Ancre 232
Roquepertuse 232
Francois I 24
Frederick VI, Denmark 36
freeze-drying 645
Freud, Sigmund 53
fuel 80, 81, 1017, 115, 157
funerary rituals 63, 174, 256
Garner, Alan 93, 11718
Germany
Ahlintel Man 24
Bareler Moor body 29
Barsbeker bog 124
Blaingerzand 120
Bormwisch Man, Lower Saxony 21
Braak 163
Bunsoh Man 60
Büstorf bog 125
Damendorf 59, 174
Dätgen Man 60
Hogenseth, Lower Saxony 42
Holzhausen 134
Hunteberg 174
Husbäke I 60
Jürdenerfeld Man 59
Kayhausen Boy 182
Kreepan Man 60, 184
Lengener Moor 194
Lower Lusatian Wolkenberg 26 114
Moora, Uchter Moor 42, 171
Neu England Man 59
Obenaltendorf skeleton 24
Oberdorla 183
Osterby 189
Rendswühren Man 60, 182
Röst 174
Rüde bog 125
Strückhausener Moor 134
Südmentzhausen 194
Süsel bog 125
Vehne bog 87
Wanderup 120
Wattenbek bog 125
Windeby 60, 79
giant 16, 128
Grauballe Man 412, 45, 634, 90, 1878, 260
hair 19, 22, 23, 24, 26, 28, 32, 36, 1379, 17880, 18892
‘Hand of Glory’ 24
Haraldskjær Woman 367
Harold Bluetooth, Denmark 37
Heaney, Seamus 2, 7, 51, 52, 54, 68, 72, 94, 98, 102, 137, 194, 207, 211, 267, 26971
Henry VIII 17, 23
herbalism 107
Hill, J. D. 200
historiography 50, 219
hoarding 126, 135, 149, 233, 238
Hobson, Edward 108
Hope couple 1213, 17, 29, 249
Hunt, James 18
Icelandic Saga see Jomsvikinga 37
ignis fatuus 925, 163
improvement 25, 98, 99, 100, 101, 106
incorruptibility 14, 16, 17
incorruptible body 15, 16
instruments 14951
bone flute 145
Ireland
Ballyedmond cauldron 127
Baronstown West body, Co. Kildare 59, 178
Boghill Man, Coleraine 21
Camus bog 21
Cashel Man 192
Castlewilder bog body, Co. Offaly 22
Clonycavan Man 66, 189
Clonmacnoise, Co. Offaly 16
Cloonshannagh body 192
Coghalstown bog, Co. Meath 49
Corlea 120
Corlea trackway 82
Derraghan More track 82
Derrymaquirk bog bodies 173
Derryvarroge Man 192
Derryville bog, Killoran 82
Doogarymore 121
Drumadreen 19
Drumard bog skeleton, Co. Derry 20
Drumkeeragh, Co. Down 20, 23
Drumkeeragh bog body 30, 90
Edercloon 82
Flanders bog, Co. Derry 20
Gallagh Man, Co. Galway 59, 184, 249
Glencullin, Co. Mayo 88
Gortygheehan 120
Gweedore, Co. Donegal 98
Kildress body, Co. Tyrone 47
Killeenan More 134
Killoran 18 90
Knocknageeh, Killarney bog burst 89
Lisnacrogher 120, 135
Loughnashade 149
Meeneybradden Woman 66
Moydrum Man 192
Mulkeeragh bog, Co. Cork 20
National Museum 255
Old Croghan Man, Cloneal bog 66, 78, 192
Rasharkin Man, Co. Antrim 21
Roundstone, Connemara 86
Terenure, Dublin 246
Terrydremont South 20
Timahoe 121
Toar bog 78
Troubles, the 49, 270
Tumbeagh 66, 87
Italy
Gallia Transalpina 232
jewellery 1349
amber beads 22, 134, 174, 180, 189, 229
Bath rings 24
brooch 19, 127, 146, 154, 174, 230
cruciform pin set 134
faience beads 173
fibulae 127, 134
glass beads 19, 22, 174
jet 22, 173
necklace 22, 134, 173
neck rings 134
rings 135
twisted rings 134
Jomsvikinga 24
journey 122, 123, 148, 158, 205
Jung, Carl 53
Kennedy, James 20
Kossina, Gustaf 44
La Tène motifs 137, 149, 153
Leland, John 88
lens 74, 79, 90
liminal 98, 100, 213
Lindow Man 48, 645, 79, 195200
Lubbock, John 32, 55
Lyell, Charles 28, 38, 57, 113
Mabinogion 128
mappa mundi assemblages 137
marginal 2, 36, 47, 98, 100, 171, 209, 212, 251
martyrdom 23, 240
medicine 108, 193, 196
Mestorf, Johanna 43
Milton, John 92
mining shaft 238
mortuary rites 173, 200, 204
mortuary skills 56
moss rooms 81, 106
multiple death 194, 196, 202
mummies 24, 56, 1757
murder 20, 47, 50, 91, 99, 1703
national identity 367, 51
Neolithic 173
Netherlands, the 19, 98
Bourtanger Moor 24, 90, 114
Emmer Efrscheifenveen Man 59
Erm 120
Exloërmond Man 59
Hooghalen bog body 171
Kibbelgaarn Man 24
Terhaarsterveen Man, Ter Apel 19
Weerdinge couple 59, 172
Yde Girl, Drenthe 31, 90, 185
Zweeloo Woman 79, 179
North-West Wetlands Survey 79
Norway
St Mary’s, Tonsburg 27
ontology 156, 211
Ordnance Survey Memoirs 19, 20
organics 11213, 1323
ownership 51
paddle 102, 104, 105
palisaded enclosure 237
Pallasboy vessel 78, 163
palsa bogs 74
Passio Sancti Edmundi 14
peat 724
performance 79, 80, 156, 203, 2048, 214
personal ornament 1349
amulet 134, 137, 180, 203
armband 192, 195
braid (or plait) 1379, 185
bronze disc 174
comb 47, 174
Emmendorf ‘crown’ neck ring 137
gold funnel 173
horn headdress 137
mirrors 115, 135
torc 127, 1357, 2412
personal ornamentation
torc 135
pigment 146, 196, 221, 235
‘plattings’ 81
Pliny 103
plurality 251, 255
poetry 72
Bog Oak 269
Die Hand im Moore 194
Grauballe Man, The 54, 270
Nerthus 269
Paradise Lost 92
Punishment 54
Sparrow Amongst Hawks, A, Hostrup 38
Tollund Man, The 52
Ye Leg End of Ye Prehistoric Manne 38
Poland
Dröbnitz Girl 59, 174
possessions 154
bag 170
horn spoon 47, 167
ink pot 167
purse 167
quill 47, 167, 170
spoon 170
post-processual approach 46
purgatory 216
radio-carbon dating 45, 79
raised bog 73, 74
reburial 42
Red Christian 41
Reformation 18
relics 23, 24
relic taking 30
revenants 17, 53, 177, 243, 245
re-wetting 251
risk 8, 80, 92
ritual killing 36, 97, 183, 198, 199
Roman
head cult 2306
military occupation 23940
‘rough justice’ 42, 171
roundhouse 175, 183, 230, 237,
Royal Society 13, 26, 30, 55, 153, 274, 281, 283, 293, 300, 302, 305
sacrifice 99, 104, 183, 186, 193, 205, 206, 214
sacrificial ideology 211
St Edmund 14, 17
St Erkenwald 1416, 37
St Etheldreda 17
Scotland 20
Arnish Moor, Lewis 47, 170
Balgone 1 and 2 173
Ballachulish 159
Balmaclellan Manse bog 139
Balnabodach, Barra 104
Blairdrummond 98
Bressay bog body, Shetland 18, 28, 55
Cladh Hallan, South Uist 1757
Cobbinshaw bog 97
Deskford carnyx 150
Foula 5 21
Garrynahine, Lewis 42
Glenhead bog body 47
Gravens (West Liog, Foula 6) 21
Gunnister, Shetland 167
Hoy 20
Kilphede, South Uist 104
Kilsyth skull, Stirling 34
Kincardine Moss 126
Lochar Moss I 55
Lochlea, Ayrshire 104
Mochrum 20
Moss of Evie 41
Quintfall bog 171
Sculptor’s Cave, Covesea 203
Walls, Hoy 171
self-sacrifice 91, 211
Shelley, Mary 28
shroud 142, 170, 177
Siberia
Chukchi hunter-gatherers 211
Sphagnum 578, 73, 86, 107, 133
sprang band 113, 178, 185, 241
stable isotope analysis 166, 192
staking 59, 79, 174, 184, 194, 235
Stead, Ian 1435, 1956
Stonehouse, James 40
suicide 6, 9, 21, 23, 48, 91, 93, 16970, 183, 205, 21415,
supernatural realm 80, 86, 89, 91, 92, 94, 95, 116, 123, 157, 210
see also boggart 94
‘swaddledidaff’ 117, 123
Sweden
Lyngby bog skeleton, Everod 173
Torresta Man 171
Tacitus 44
textiles 20, 30, 110, 146
Tollund Man 4, 45, 603, 678, 84, 90, 1856, 211, 269
torture 183, 192, 205, 262
trackways 826, 105
causeway 82, 85, 151, 183
transitions 101, 128, 139
‘travelling bog’ 90
trees 25, 73, 82, 89, 11314
Tudor period 91
turbary rights 21, 82, 91, 105
Unguentum Sympatheticum see Weapon-Salve 24
Utrecht Psalter 91
vacuum-drying 66
vehicles 1204, 1514
chariots 84, 121
snaffle bit 122
wagons/carts 80, 84, 121, 123
wheels 80, 123, 183
vessels 1428
Baddily Mere log boat 148
Cholmondeley log boat, Cheshire 148
Fiskerton boats 148
log boat burial 173
Martinmere canoe, Lancs 148
Must Farm boats 148
Roos Carr boat 161
Victorian period 95
violence 17, 21, 23, 24, 47, 50, 54, 70, 80, 106, 2004, 262, 269, 270
visualisations 233, 264, 265
Vitruvius 97
votive deposits 1549
votive sites 203, 232
Wales
Dolfawr Fair, Ceredigion 20
Llyn Cerrig Bach, Anglesey 151
Mownog 174
Prestatyn infant 173
Ystrad Meurig 20
weaponry 1428, 1514, 172, 203, 233
cudgel 196
scabbard 143
shield boss 145
sword 102, 202, 229, 233
Weapon-Salve 24
Wiedergänger’ theory
Wollstonecraft, Mary 27
woodland clearance 78, 84, 155
Yorkshire Philosophical Society 20

Bog bodies

Face to face with the past

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