Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city examines how urban health and wellbeing are shaped by migration, mobility, racism, sanitation and gender. Adopting a global focus, spanning Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, the essays in this volume bring together a wide selection of voices that explore the interface between social, medical and natural sciences. This interdisciplinary approach, moving beyond traditional approaches to urban research, offers a unique perspective on today’s cities and the challenges they face. Edited by Professor Michael Keith and Dr Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos, this volume also features contributions from leading thinkers on cities in Brazil, China, South Africa and the United Kingdom. This geographic diversity is matched by the breadth of their different fields, from mental health and gendered violence to sanitation and food systems. Together, they present a complex yet connected vision of a ‘new biopolitics’ in today’s metropolis, one that requires an innovative approach to urban scholarship regardless of geography or discipline. This volume, featuring chapters from a number of renowned authors including the former deputy mayor of Rio de Janeiro Luiz Eduardo Soares, is an important resource for anyone seeking to better understand the dynamics of urban change. With its focus on the everyday realities of urban living, from health services to public transport, it contains valuable lessons for academics, policy makers and practitioners alike.
Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos (Editor) is Director of the Brazilian Studies Programme and Lecturer at the Latin American Centre, University of Oxford. Her work focuses on urban and political anthropology, looking mainly at political participation in contexts of informal economies in small and medium-sized cities. She is the author of the book Politics of memory: Urban cultural heritage in Brazil (Rowman & Littlefield, 2019), which examines the relationship between nationalism, collective memory and the making and unmaking of historic cities in Brazil.
Yara Evans is a visiting research associate at King’s College London. Her research interests focus on the social and economy dynamics of immigrant communities in the UK, especially the Brazilians, although her recent focus has been on violence against women. She has also a keen interest on animal and human interactions, and enjoys looking after feline and vulpine creatures at her home in London.
Deljana Iossifova is Senior Lecturer in Urban Studies at the University of Manchester. Her research is concerned with questions of urban inequality, coexistence and transformation in China and other transitioning contexts. Most recently, she has investigated uneven urban development through the lens of urban infrasystems, particularly sanitation.
Michael Keith (Editor) is the Director of the PEAK Urban programme on global urban futures, working between China, Colombia, India and South Africa and the Centre on Migration Policy and Society at the University of Oxford. He was also the Director of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Urban Transformations Programme (2015–20). His own research has focused on the interface of migration and urbanism. He has experience outside the academy in the fields of city politics and urban regeneration, having held office as the leader of a London local authority and founded and sat on boards of a range of public–private partnerships and urban regeneration companies. He has also spent several decades working with voluntary-sector organisations in inner-city settings, being particularly focused on issues of racial injustice.
Miriam Krenzinger is Director of the School of Social Services at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. She has a PhD in social work from the Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), where her thesis focused on the need for a more complex examination of the interplay between violence and prisons in contemporary society. She is the author of many books, and her research specialisms also include social work provision and rights for street homeless populations and violence against women and girls.
Cathy McIlwaine is Professor of Development Geography in the Department of Geography, King’s College London. Her research focuses on gender and development issues in the global south, and on transnational migration in London with a specific focus on the Latin American community from the perspective of livelihoods, citizenship and gender-based violence. She is also a trustee of the charities Latin Elephant and the Latin American Bureau, and an adviser for the Latin American Women’s Rights Service.
Denver V. Nixon is currently an honorary research associate of the Transport Studies Unit at the University of Oxford and teaches in the Department of Geography at the University of British Columbia. His work at Oxford investigates grassroots walking and cycling infrastructural initiatives for marginalized communities in London and São Paulo. More broadly, Nixon is interested in how environmentally (un)sustainable and socially (un)just practices are formed and maintained through embodied experiences and structural contexts.
Francisco Ortega is Full Professor in the Institute for Social Medicine of the State University of Rio de Janeiro and Research Director of the Rio Center for Global Health. He is also Visiting Professor at the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine of King’s College London.
Nikolas Rose is Professor of Sociology in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at King’s College London and Co-Director of King’s ESRC Centre for Society and Mental Health, the UK’s first major research centre on the social dimensions of mental distress. His current research concerns the role of the life sciences, neurosciences and psychiatry in changing regimes for governing human beings. His most recent book is Our psychiatric future: The politics of mental health (Polity Press, 2018); the next, The urban brain: Mental health in the vital city, written with Des Fitzgerald, will be published by Princeton University Press in 2020.
Tim Schwanen is Professor of Transport Studies and Geography and Director of the Transport Studies Unit at the University of Oxford. He is also Fellow in Geography at St Anne’s College, Oxford. His research uses the everyday mobilities of people, goods and information as a lens on broader questions about transitions to low-carbon living, climate change, social inequality, health and wellbeing, and scientific knowledge production.
Eliana Sousa Silva, an academic and social activist, has a PhD in social service from PUC-Rio (the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro) and is the Director of the NGO Redes da Maré (Maré Development Networks) in Rio de Janeiro. She is the Curator and Director of the Women of the World Festival in Rio de Janeiro and an advisory board member of the Women of the World Global Foundation. She is also a visiting professor holding the Olavo Setubal Chair in Arts, Culture and Science at the Institute of Advanced Studies of the University of São Paulo and the leader of the CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development) Research Group Policies Center for Violence Prevention, Access to Justice and Education in Human Rights.
Warren Smit is the manager of research at the African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, South Africa. He has a PhD in urban planning and has been a researcher on urban issues for over twenty-five years. His main areas of research include urban health, urban governance and housing policy, with a particular focus on African cities.
Luiz Eduardo Soares is an anthropologist, writer, political scientist, playwright and retired professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro. He has been a visiting scholar at Harvard University, Columbia University, the University of Virginia and the University of Pittsburgh. He has published seventeen books, among them Rio de Janeiro: Extreme city (Penguin, 2016). He has been the Brazilian National Secretary of Public Security, Coordinator of Security, Justice and Citizenship of the State of Rio de Janeiro, and Municipal Secretary of Violence Prevention in Porto Alegre and Nova Iguaçu.
Leandro David Wenceslau is Assistant Professor of Family Medicine in the Department of Nursing and Medicine of the Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil. He is currently a member of the Mental Health Working Group of the Brazilian Society of Family Medicine and of the World Organization of Family Doctors.