Index
in Migrants shaping Europe, past and present

Index

Note: Page numbers in italic font refer to illustrations.

Abirached, Zeina 6
Adler Planetarium, Chicago 19–20, 23, 24, 25, 28–9, 30, 31, 33–4
Africa
East 5, 8, 9, 135, 250
North 5, 42, 54–5, 135
West 9, 31, 174, 261
African migrants
East African 110, 135, 171, 204, 212–13
to/in Italy 98, 102–3, 103, 104
media reports about 54–5, 103, 104
North African 42, 54–5, 59, 135
West African 174, 230
Akkerman, Mark 212
Al-Andalus 23, 30, 32, 61, 233
Al-Hajari, Ahmad ibn Qasim 52
Al-Idrīsī, Abu ‘Abdallah Muhammad 82–3, 87, 88, 91, 253
Al-Khama’iri, Muhammad ibn al-Fattuh 230, 231
Álvarez-Blanco, Palmar 62–3
Ammann, Jean-Christophe 149
anti-immigrant discourses/practices 4, 45, 52, 59, 137, 162n.8, 198, 203–5, 207, 217, 257
antisemitism, Italy and 119, 120
Appiah, Kwame Anthony 86
Arendt, Hannah 121
artists/painters
Carducho, Vicente 41
Da Vinci, Leonardo 77
Di Giorgio, Mariachiara 102
Inarritu, Alejandro G. 110
Lasch, Pedro 12, 229–30, 245–6, 246
Messager, Annette 12, 229, 250, 250
Mestre, Vicente 7, 48
Oromig, Pere 7, 46
Paladino, Mimmo see Paladino, Mimmo
Patinir, Joachim 7, 167
Perucchini, Jem 160, 161
Peterlin, Domenico 84
Pio, Arabella 133–4, 134, 154–6, 155, 157
Salvatella de Prada, Raquel 12, 43, 60, 64–5, 87–8, 174, 230
Scialoja, Toti 80
astrolabes
Adler collection catalog (1998, 2009) 24
Arabo-Islamic connection and 23, 24, 27–8, 29, 30
astrolabe making/traditions 21, 30, 31, 32, 33, 37n.2, 37n.7, 231–2, 233
as cultural connector 32, 35, 36
curating/displays of 25, 28–31, 29, 32–4, 36, 230
and the East/West divide 24–5, 30, 36
history of science/technology and 19, 21–4, 26, 28
movement of knowledge about 29, 30, 31–2, 35
photos of 231, 232
astronomy, visual/material culture of 34
atlases/maps 32, 92, 175, 175, 176, 180, 230, 251–2, 253
Auerbach, Erich 84, 85–6
 
ballads and balladeers (Deschamps) 186–90
Barolini, Teodolinda 84
Bermant, Laia Soto 62, 174
Billot, Claudine 173
Boe, Carolina Sanchez 214
border(s)
colonialism 212–13
controls, militarization of 59, 64–5, 138, 203, 204–8, 212, 213, 214, 216, 216–17
see also Frontex; LOE (1985)
EU border regime 64, 65, 71
imperialism 214
premodern 88
Southern Mediterranean 59
Spanish 59, 62, 65, 255–8, 262
Braudel, Fernand 11–12
burghers of Calais 179, 180, 181, 184
Butler, Judith 63
Buxton, Nick 212
Byler, Darren 214
 
Calais, twentieth/twenty-first century
migrant crisis in 207
see also migrant crisis
Pas-de-Calais area 9, 199, 229
as point of entry to Europe 9–10, 203–5
Sandhurst treaty 171, 207–8
Touquet treaty 204, 212
Calais, premodern
English siege (1346) 180–3
insiders/outsiders in 179–80, 185, 188
lock and key as device and metaphor 177, 178
multi-cultural composition of 183–4
as point of entry to Europe 9–10
seige economy of 180–1
writers representing 177, 179
camps, tent
destruction of 208–9, 210, 211
Carrère, Emmanuel 173, 184–6, 191
Ceuta/Melilla, cities of
border wall at 257, 257, 258, 258
geo-political role 54, 58–9, 174
as point of entry to Europe 7, 9–10, 174
portrayal of in Cornered 42–3, 87–8, 174, 255, 255
Chamoiseau, Patrick 173, 190–1
Channel Tunnel (Chunnel) 185, 203–4, 205, 206, 208
Chartier, Alain 179, 192n.11
Chinese indentured labor 9, 197–8, 197–203, 199, 213, 215, 216
chroniclers and poets 93n.1, 168, 171, 173, 180
colonialism
and Europe/the EU 3, 212
in France 207
in Italy 3, 78, 99, 118–20, 126n.22, 136–7, 138, 159
Conversos 45, 50
CORPI initiative 53
Corti, Maria 88
Cresques, Abraham 32, 175, 251, 253
crimmigration 205, 209–10, 211, 213, 214, 215
 
Dadson, Trevor 51
Dante Alighieri
in 21st century arts 115
Commedia 78, 81, 84–91, 111–12
Dante: Poet of the Secular World (Auerbach) 84
“decolonizing” Dante 85, 87
De vulgari eloquentia and world citizenship 86
in exile; as poet of migration 79, 83–4, 84, 86, 90
Morocco in Commedia 77, 86–7, 88
On the site, form and measurements of Dante's Inferno (Giambullari) 91, 92
The Undivine Comedy (Barolini, 1992) 84
death(s)
Morisco attitudes toward 52–3
decolonization 27, 78, 84, 85, 107, 119, 150
Deschamps, Eustache 11, 173, 186–90
Diali Cissokho & Kaira Ba (music group) 261, 279
Didi-Huberman, Georges 4
discrimination 62, 72, 98, 200, 210, 264
“Dublin” law (being “dublined”) 6–7, 209
dynastic wars 2, 9, 179
 
economic migration 43, 54, 59, 74n.9, 97, 108
enclave
Calais 171–3, 172, 175–6, 175, 176
Ceuta/Melilla, cities of 54–5, 255
England see United Kingdom
Eshetu, Theo 159
Europe
eastern Europeans 184
entry points to 7, 9–10, 109, 136, 174, 203–7
as “fortress” 59, 71, 180
migrant art and 229–30
Schengen Zone 59, 64, 204
European Union (EU) 6, 9, 59, 60, 65, 68, 70, 72, 136, 137, 138, 154, 156, 212, 213
exclusion
racialized systems of 59, 209–10, 211–12, 213
spatial 198, 203, 205–7, 210, 211–12
exhibitions see installations/exhibitions
exile
as category of migrant 3, 99
Hugh of St. Victor on 85–6
literary tradition of 81–2, 83, 84, 108, 114–15, 124
of Moriscos in Italy 49, 51
Reflections on Exile and Other Essays (Said) 83–84
extraterritoriality 176–7
 
Farmer, Sharon 173
Fascism (Italy) 8, 108, 119, 120, 135–7, 141–2, 153
fiction
charting cultural history through 9, 173
role of in France 73, 173, 177–9, 182, 186–91
role of in Italy 115
role of in migrant literature 6, 9, 97, 107, 168, 191
fine arts see visual and material arts
Fox, Philip (1878–1944) 19, 20
France
Colonial and Chinese Labor Corps (WWI) 200, 202
immigration system in 200–3
racial hierarchies in 199, 200, 202, 209–10
Froissart, Jean 173, 180, 184, 191
Frontex 59, 65, 73n.3, 119, 136, 212, 213
 
Giambullari, Pierfrancesco 91, 92
Gibraltar, Straight of 7, 43, 58, 59, 62, 88
Glissant, Édouard 88
Global South vs. North 9, 68, 150, 230
Gómez L-Quiñones, Antonio 62–3
Goytisolo, Juan 6
Grotius, Hugo 176
Guénoun, Denis 1
 
harraga 63, 65, 66, 73n.5
Henderson, Jonathan 261
Hom, Stephanie 138, 151
human rights 6, 158, 191, 210
Hundred Years’ War 9, 11, 171
 
Ibn Hamdîs, Abd al-Jabbar 8, 78, 79, 79–82, 87, 88, 93n.1
immigration law 11, 43, 45, 58, 96, 176–7, 209
immigration to EU 3, 10
insiders/outsiders 49, 59, 108, 179–80, 185, 188
installations/exhibitions
Caravans of Gold, Fragments in Time (exhibition) 31
Cornered (installation) 42–3, 87–8, 174, 230, 255, 255–6, 256, 257, 257, 258, 258, 259, 259, 260–2, 260–2, 262, 263, 264, 265–79, 266, 268–70, 273, 277–9
La Terra Inquieta (exhibition) 139
The Return of the Axum Obelisk (video installation) 159
In Transit (installation) 30, 229–53
inter-religious polemic see CORPI initiative
interventionist art 133–4, 151, 152–3, 154–7, 155, 163n.21
wrapped Porta di Lampedusa 157–8
Islamic art/culture 11–12, 26–8, 31, 34–5, 36, 269
Islamic sciences/technology 7, 11–12, 26–8, 27, 30, 36
Ismard, Pauline 2, 3
Italy
(im)migration from/to 97–8, 101–2
African immigrants to/in 98, 102–3, 103, 104
colonization by/colonies of 8, 78, 118–19, 120–1, 136–7, 138, 141–2, 149, 159
decolonizing Italian literature 85, 87, 96–7
medieval literature and culture 79, 99
national identity of 80, 81, 98, 115–16, 121–2
race and citizenship policies in 98
racism and antisemitism in 78, 85, 118–19, 120
 
Janeczek, Helena 121, 123
Joudeh, Ahmad 112–13
the Jungle (Calais) 168, 185, 206, 213
 
Kerangal, Maylis de 173
Kilito, Abdelfattah 8
 
Lampedusa, island of
images of migration and 103–4
as point of entry to Europe 9–10, 102, 136
shipwreck near (2013) 133
language(s)
anthologies of Italian narratives 107–9
Arabic 5, 6, 7, 8, 24, 42, 53, 60, 61–2, 72, 73n.5, 80, 83, 107, 233
as criterion for interpretation of migration 1–5
Farsi 206
French 5–6, 66, 107, 175, 177, 182, 184–90
Hebrew 5
as a homeland 124
Italian categorization of migrants 115, 117, 121–2
Italian migration legacy and 97–8
Italian narratives 110–12, 111, 114, 122–4
paratexts of Italian migration literature and 98–101
Romance 5–6, 8, 60, 99, 233
Semitic 5, 8, 61–2
Somali 8
Tigrinya 5, 8
vernaculars 5–6, 79, 81, 86, 89
Wolof 262
language usage 123, 126n.26
Levantines 184
Ley de Extranjería (LOE, 1985) 49, 71, 72n.1
Libya 5
literary non-fiction 8, 42–3, 60–1, 63–70, 71, 74n.7, 116–17
literature, migration
anthologies 8, 78, 80, 88, 96–100, 107–13, 117, 118, 122–3, 124, 125n.8
Dante (Italian, c.1265-1321) see Dante
Deschamps, Eustache (French, c.1346–c.1406) 11, 173, 186–90
France 5–6, 8, 11, 107, 182, 183–91
Ibn Hamdîs, abd al-Jabbar (Arab-Sicilian c.1056–c.1133) 8, 78, 79–82, 87, 88, 93n.1
Italy 11, 85, 96–7, 115–16, 120
Mengiste, Maaza (Ethiopian-American, 1974- ) 110
modern scholarship in 73n.5, 97
Morocco 6, 52, 60, 63, 64, 71, 73n.4, 78, 86, 87–91
multilingualism in 6, 8, 78, 80–1, 124, 189–90
Nini, Rachid (Arabic/Spanish, 1970- ) 8, 42–3, 60–72, 74n.7
paratexts of 108–9, 111
refugee metaphors in 122–3
refugees as authors 96, 100, 108, 124
Scego, Igiaba (Somali-Italian, 1974- ) 8, 96–7, 98, 118, 119, 121, 150
scope of 117
transnational character of 90, 97, 114, 123
LOE (1985) 49, 71, 72n.1
 
Maghreb/i 5, 10, 11, 61, 184
Mansion, Colard 178
maps/atlases 32, 92, 175, 175, 176, 180, 230, 251–2, 253
Matar, Hisham 10, 162n.9, 229
material culture/objects 9, 11, 26, 28
Matteo, Sante 98
Mazzara, Federica 103
media
African migrants in the 54–5, 103, 104
dehumanization of refugees in 99, 103
images of migration 6–7, 41, 66–7, 103, 216–19, 220, 258
Melilla, city of see Ceuta/Melilla, cities of
Mercury, Freddie, refugee identity of 121
Meridionalismo 150
migrant crisis 1, 3, 31, 207
migrants
critical understanding of category 99
current-day 3, 4
dehumanization of 10, 99, 103, 107, 147
premodern 1–2, 3–4
migration to/around Europe 47
cultural history of 8–11
historical background 1–4
media images of 41, 66–7, 103, 216–19, 220, 258
post-colonial 59
transnational character of 3, 10–11, 97–8, 109–10, 123
mobility, migrant
in Calais 207
European migratory regime and 138
geopolitical and social 71
Italian mobility regimes 133, 138
mass 10, 42, 46, 58, 71, 168
and race 204, 210, 211, 221n.3
monarchs, European 174–5, 177, 180, 182
monuments/monumentality 78, 103, 134, 142, 151–4, 159–60, 161, 163n.21
see also sculpture
Moriscos
1609 Spanish expulsion of 8, 41, 45–9, 46, 48, 51, 54
attitudes toward death 52–3
historical research on 42, 47, 49–51, 51–2
historiography of 49, 53–4
Morocco, in Dante's Commedia 78, 86–7, 88
Morocco/Moroccans
mass migration for Spain 42, 54–5, 58, 59
Nini, Rachid 8, 42–3, 60–72, 74n.7
presence in Spain 59, 60, 61, 72, 74n.12
see also Moriscos
multilingualism
of twentieth/twenty-first century migrants 1, 5–6, 8, 9, 10
in literary non-fiction 8, 60
of premodern cultures 2, 4–6, 9, 10, 93n.4, 189–90
and “world-making” 78, 124
Muslims and Christians, relationship between 49, 54, 174
 
Nguyen, Viet Thanh 96–7, 113–14, 122
Nini, Rachid 8, 42–3, 60–72, 74n.7
Nureyev, Rudolf 112, 113
Nuttall, Sarah 151
 
Origo, Iris 2–3
the other/ “Others”/ “othering” 10, 27, 61, 62, 71, 126n.23
 
Paladino, Mimmo
analysis of oeuvre 8–9, 78, 103, 131, 133–51, 153–4, 157–8
photographs of works 132, 143, 147, 148, 149
Park, Tristan 277, 278, 279
Pavia, Aymeri de 181
Perucchini, Jem 160, 161
Peyote, Willie 138–9, 140
photographers/photography
Leleu, Eric 7, 9, 173, 174, 197, 215–20
Lupi, Darrin Zammit 102–3, 103
Pio, Arabella 133–4, 134, 154–6, 155, 157
Pirenne, Henri (Pirenne thesis) 2
poetry 88
Arab neoclassical 79–80
ballads and balladeers 173, 186–90
Chamoiseau, Patrick 173, 190–1
Ibn Hamdîs, Abd al-Jabbar 8, 78, 79, 79–82, 87, 88, 93n.1
Italian 80
see also Dante
premodern chroniclers and 93n.1, 168, 171, 173, 180
war poets and poetry 186
Porta di Lampedusa, porta d’Europa see sculpture, Gateway to Lampedusa
post-colonialism 3, 119
precarity, immigrant 62–3
prints/printmaking/engravers
Callot, Jacques 183, 229, 238–43, 244, 247–8, 249
engravings 183, 229, 273, 273, 274–6, 277, 277
Henriet, Israël 244
Toguo, Barthélémy 12, 32, 33, 229, 230, 234–6, 237
 
race
citizenship policies in Italy and 98
French racial hierarchies 199, 200, 202, 209–10
racial profiling 204–5, 210
racism
and antisemitism 78, 85, 118–19, 120
in France 200–3
and migration 97–8, 99, 118–19, 125n.3, 125n.6, 210, 213
Tuadi, J. (2010) 123
re-bordering (“refronterización”) 62
refugee(s) 220
artists and authors narrating migration 9–10, 60, 73n.4, 96, 100, 122, 123, 124, 167, 173
internationally known 99–100
negative connotations of term 113–14, 115, 122
Rekacewicz, Philippe 180
reparations/repatriations 134–5, 136–7, 154
rhetoric 72, 140–2, 147, 207
Roma peoples 125n.6, 249
 
Sahara desert 31, 55, 73n.2, 230, 253, 256
Said, Edward 83–4, 85–6
Sandhurst Treaty 171, 207–8
Scego, Igiaba 8, 96–7, 98, 118, 119, 121, 159
Scialoja, Toti 80
science and technology 27, 28, 29
sculpture
Gateway to Lampedusa, Gateway to Europe (Paladino) 8–9, 78, 103, 131, 132, 133–51, 143, 147, 148, 149, 153–4, 157–8
Porta d’Europa intervention (Pio) 133–4, 134, 154–6, 155, 157
Smithson, Robert (sculptor) 151–3
segregation 198, 199, 200, 201, 206, 207, 210, 214
Sicily
Arabo-Islamic literary culture of 8, 79–82
national identity in 81, 82–3
as point of entry to Europe 9–10
slavery, serfdom vs. 2–3
Smith, Zadie 117–18
solidarity
among migrants 184, 204, 210
criminalizing 198, 213, 214, 215
with migrants 144, 207, 214–15
political 150
sovereigns see monarchs, European
Spain
1609 expulsion of Moriscos 8, 41, 45–9, 46, 48, 51, 54
Arabic culture in 8, 54, 61–2
economic prosperity of 62–3, 72
European identity of 59, 61, 62
Moroccan mass migration to 42, 54–5, 58, 59, 60
Moroccan presence in 59, 60, 61, 72, 74n.12
see also Moriscos
spatial exclusions 198, 203, 205–7, 210, 211–12
see also segregation
Stele of Axum 135, 153–4, 159–60, 161
Superman Was a Refugee Too: True Stories of Courage for a Better World (Scego, UNHCR, eds.) 90, 96, 97, 99–104, 107, 110–11
dance and narrative in 112–13
Dante in 90, 111–12
goals of 78, 104, 122
as literary conversation 118
non-fictional contributions in 116–17
non-refugee status of authors 116
 
textile industry 185, 250, 250
Thomas, Dominic 4
Touquet treaty 204, 212
trade, Saharan medieval 31
Transavanguardia 145–6, 150, 152
Trini, Tommaso 152
 
United Kingdom
entry points to 174, 203–8
migration to 171, 201, 209, 212–13
presence in Calais 185
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 97
 
Van Isacker, Travis 204, 210, 211
Vega-Durán, Raquel 71
vernaculars 5–6, 79, 81, 86, 89
violence
colonial 97, 119, 134, 138, 198
international travel and 83, 88
police 202, 204, 210–11
precarity and 62–3, 67, 68
racial 201, 214
state 68, 213
see also discrimination
visual and material arts
book illustrations on migration 100–1, 103–4, 105–6, 111–12
Forensic Oceanography (multi-media) 139
global refugee crisis and 31
mapping socio-cultural history through 9–10, 229–30
media images of migration 6–7, 41, 66–7, 103, 216–19, 220, 258
the migrant condition and 3, 4
narrating migration in 9–10, 60, 73n.4, 96, 100, 122, 123, 124, 168, 173
refugees as artists 96
street art 156–7, 157, 158
video by Lasch 12, 229–30, 245–6, 246
 
Walia, Harsha 214
Wilkins, Ann Thomas 153
World War I/II 120–1, 150, 169, 197–203, 213, 215
 
xenophobia 59, 200, 201, 221n.3
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Migrants shaping Europe, past and present

Multilingual literatures, arts, and cultures

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