Index
in The autonomous life?

Index

Page numbers in italics are figures; with “n” are notes.
Actie ’70 (Action 1970) 12–13
actions
collective 26
mediagenic 8, 11–12
action squats 97, 120, 182–3
activists 40–2, 67
career 162, 169–71, 174–6, 192, 202
Jacob 63, 158, 176–81, 192, 193
Peter 166, 171, 172, 173, 176, 186–91, 198
Adam 168, 171, 198
adolescence, extended 162, 163–71, 189
affluent marginals 103
alarm lists 14
Alberoni, Francesco 33, 111–12, 118
alcohol/drugs 55, 126, 133, 167
and autonomy 194–5
“going wrong” 158, 160
and marginality 162, 170, 200–3
punks 81, 83
United Kingdom 204n.3
Alexander, Jeffrey 65–6
alienation 33, 104, 159
Allen 137–42
alterglobalization movement 57, 202
alternative globalization 30–1
anarchism/anarchists 3, 195, 204
and black blocs 31
Damien 121
Kabouter movement 12
Provos 11
in the United States 195
antiglobalization movement 32
anti-romanticism 113–14, 118
anti-squatters 21, 23, 68, 69, 75–80, 85, 90
arrests 66–7, 200 see also violence
audiences 4–5, 48–9, 70
authenticity 46, 67–8, 89
acts of bravery and 65–6
anti-squatters and 75–80
baby punks 82–3
barricading 74–5
crusty punks 64–5, 81–2
and eviction waves 70–4, 71
hippies 84–5
performing hostility 68–70
and positions of authority 92–3
student squatters 85
wild squatters 80–1
yuppies 85–9
authority 39, 92–3, 132, 159, 202
absence of 155–8, 160
act of squatting and 133–4
and class 93–4, 110, 180
and gossip 94–5, 109–25
lack of 155–8
showing commitment 132–55
Frank/Janny 137–42
Gerard/Allen 144–7
Larissa/Fleur/Barbara 142–4, 149
Autonomen 17
autonomy 160
and authority 93, 100, 103–4, 110
autonomous self 5, 182, 186, 188, 191–6, 199, 202
builders 57
Avery-Natale, Edward 30
baby punks 79–80, 82–3, 90
and the Motorflex block 96–7
backstage/front stage of squatters movement 3–4, 8–9, 10, 29, 67–70, 73, 131–2, 198
ban on squatting 21, 22, 197–8, 203n.3
Barbara 142–4, 149
barricading 74–5
Beatrix, Queen 17
Becker, Howard 46, 47
Art Worlds 49
Benford, Robert D. 27
black blocs 30, 31, 33, 203
Bourdieu, Pierre 32, 46, 54, 57, 93
Distinction 106, 107–8
The Field of Cultural Production 47
bravery, acts of 55, 60, 65–7
breaking skills 51, 56–7, 56
building skills 57–9
and crusty punks 82
campaigning see strategic manipulation
capital
forms of 47
see also squatter capital
career activists 162, 169–71, 174–6, 202
Jacob 63, 158, 176–81, 192, 193
Peter 166, 171, 172, 173, 176, 186–91, 198
censorship, natural 107
centrality, cultural see cultural centrality
chapter summaries 42–4
charismatic leaders 111, 113
cherries 147
City Was Ours, The (stad was van ons, De) (film) (Seelan) 6, 20–1, 22
class 4, 29–30, 33, 46–7
and authority 93–4, 110, 180
classification, negative 5, 202
Coen 108–9, 110, 127
cognitive resources 64, 102, 104–6, 107
collective action 25–7, 32–3, 65, 172–3, 180
collective behavior 24–5
collective projects 188
commitment, showing see “showing commitment”
Commune, de (The Commune) 11
communes 134–5
communitas 32
competence 50, 54–5, 98, 106, 107, 142
complaints of informants 49
coronation of Queen Beatrix 17
council meeting takeover 8
Crowbar Housing Agency (Woningburo de Koevoet) 11, 12
crusty punks 64–5, 79, 81–2, 90
and the Motorflex block 96–7, 98–9
cultural centrality 34, 93–4, 96–109, 129, 197
women and 163–8
youth and 161–2
cultural feminism 28
cultural marginality 34, 94, 96–109, 126, 129, 161, 197
and cultural centrality 162
old men 163–71, 166, 170–1, 172, 186
Hans 92, 189–91, 198, 203
Ludwic 78, 95, 104, 115, 124, 125–9, 143, 168–9, 171, 198
Morris 199–202
Peter 166, 171, 172, 173, 176, 186–91, 198
and squatting ban 198–9
culture 4
expressive 28
and social movements 27
Damien 76, 88, 95, 97–8, 110, 120–5, 127
decision-making processes 27, 30
non-hierarchical 32
participatory democracy 29
delegation 107
democracy, participatory 29
dependence, emotional 125–8, 129
Dirk 45–6, 52, 124, 176, 181–6, 192
documentaries 8
stad was van ons, De (City Was Ours, The) (film) (Seelan) 6, 20–1
dogmatism 83
“Do-It-Yourself” (DIY) 3, 12, 58, 89, 152
Dominic 95, 110, 114–19, 125, 127
dress codes 29, 30–1
drugs/alcohol 55, 126, 133, 167
and autonomy 194–5
“going wrong” 158, 160
and marginality 162, 170, 200–3
punks 81, 83
United Kingdom 204n.3
Duivenvoorden, Eric 9, 44n.5
Een voet tussen de deur (A foot between the door) 6–8
education 21, 39, 103
and authority 106–7
cultural centrality 166
and habitus 4, 47
and “new elites” 197
as rite of passage 173
and student squatters 85
women in 170, 173
elites, “new” 26, 102, 197
embryo punks 82, 196n.3
emotional connections 136
emotional dependence 125–8, 129
emotional management 132, 136–7, 141, 147, 149–50, 152–3, 159
emotional sovereignty 94–5 see also autonomy
emotion work/labor see emotional management
Empty Property Law 21
ethnic minorities 9
see also immigrants
ethnographers, militant/engaged 40–2
ethnography, social movement 31–4
evictions/eviction waves 8, 62, 62, 68, 70–4, 71
Groote Keyser 15–16
Jacob Lennepstraat 15
Prins Hendrikskade 20
Vondelstraat 16
Eyerman, Ron, Music and Social Movements 27, 28–9
feeling rules 133, 137, 150, 152–3, 159
finances of the squat 135, 148, 157
Fleur 108–9, 110, 117, 129, 143–4
Flynn, Nick, Another Bullshit Night in Suck City 161
framing 26–7
Frank 137–42
Freeman, Jo 29
front stage/backstage of the squatters movement 3–4, 8–9, 10, 29, 67–70, 73, 131–2, 198
Gerard 137–42
Gijssen, Theo van der 20
Gnomes (Kabouter movement) 12–13
Goffman, Erving, Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, The 67
“going wrong” 158, 160
“good squatters” 50
Gordon, Linda 29–30
gossip 5, 39, 127, 165
and authority 94–5, 109–25
“Gossip” (magazine) 117
Graeber, David 32–3
graffiti 22, 73, 74, 112
Groote Keyser, eviction 15–16
Grootveld, Robert Jasper 11
guests 148–50, 152
habitus 4–5, 47, 54
radical 29
Hans 92, 189–91, 198, 203
Hansen, Thomas Blom 32
hierarchy 4, 5, 47, 105, 159, 202
and authority 132, 133–4, 143
cherries 148
and gossip 113
guests 148
hippies 84–5, 90
historiography 7–10
history of squatting 5–6, 8, 10–13
1980s 15–18
historiography 7–10
Nieuwmarktbuurt 13–15
socio-political context during fieldwork 22–3
sources 6–7
violence 18–21
Hochschild, Arlie 132, 136–7, 152–3, 159
homosocial 94–5, 114, 118–19, 125
hostility of activists 4, 68–70, 73–4, 88, 90, 113, 144, 194
household tasks 135, 139, 149, 156–7, 187
housemates 148–50
human capital class 102
identity, collective 26, 27
immigrants 9–10, 23, 33, 70, 85–9, 183
inertia 172, 185–6
informal movement communities 26–7
infrastructure 18
Jacob 63, 158, 176–81, 192, 193
Jamison, Andrew, Music and Social Movements 27, 28–9
Janny 137–42
jazz musicians study 47, 48–9
Jenny 66–7, 84, 96–7, 99–101, 104, 107, 110, 120, 123, 124, 129, 130n.7
Juris, Jeffrey S. 30, 91n.6
Kabouter movement (the Gnomes) 12–13
Karima 150–5, 159–60, 193–4
knokploeg (hired thugs) 12, 15, 41, 184
Lucky Luijk 18
kraakbonzen (squatter bosses) 19, 110
Coen 108–9, 110, 127
Damien 76, 88, 95, 97–8, 110, 120–5, 127
Dominic 95, 110, 114–19, 125, 127
Kraakkrant, De (Squatters Newspaper) 17
Kraakpandendienst (Squatted Houses Services Agency) 12
kraakspreekuren (KSUs, squatting information hour) 187–8
and squatting a house 50–1, 52–4
Larissa 135, 142–4, 151, 199
laws on squatting 21, 22, 197–8, 203n.3
leadership see authority
lesbian separatism 28
living groups, defined 134–7
lock-ons 70–1, 72–3, 116
Looiersstraat 114, 115
love, non-reciprocal 33, 112–13
Lucky Luijk 18–19
ludiek actie 73
Ludwic 78, 95, 104, 115, 124, 125–9, 143, 168–9, 171, 198
McAdam, Doug 102
Maeckelbergh, Marianne 30
Mainstream 3, 16, 43n.1, 47, 68, 87, 89
and the culturally central 102, 105
and the culturally marginal 172
and education 166, 170
and gender 58
and Others 46, 48
stealing from 18
Mamadouh, Virginie 9
stad in eigen hand, De (The city in our own hands) 6
marginality, cultural see cultural marginality
marriage 155
mastery and rejection 4, 5, 47, 92, 109
baby punks 90
self-realization 180, 186, 191, 193
and sexuality 113, 118
media
and eviction waves 71–2
use by squatters 11–12, 16, 17–18
Melucci, Alberto
on ambivalence 185
avoidance of challenges 186
collective action 26, 65, 172–3, 180
on cultural centrality/marginality 102, 103–5
“militants for life” 170–1
“the new elites” 26, 102, 197
on social movements 34
on youth 161, 169–70
men’s movements 32
methodology 34–42
Method school of acting 137
micro-behaviors 47
micro-cohorts 27–8, 29, 33–4, 170
middle age
men’s movement 32
and youth continuum 171–3 see also cultural marginality
middle-class 4–5, 101
anti-squatters 23, 77, 86
and authority 142, 146
and marginality/centrality 103, 107, 109, 166–7
new 102, 104
and sexuality 113
and social movements 34, 48
students 192
“militant for life” 169–70
misogyny 95, 114, 118
Morris 199–202, 203
Motorflex block 96–101, 199
nationalism 23
naturalization of skills 54
neighbors 70, 85–9, 90, 184
“new elites” 26, 102, 197
New Left 29
New Social Movements Approach 26, 102, 111, 162, 169
newspapers 17
Nieuwmarktbuurt 13–15
noise demonstrations 66, 83
non-political squatters 19–20
non-reciprocal love 33
norm-oriented movements 24–5
Offe, Claus 102, 103–5
oppositionality 25, 47, 77–8, 159
and authenticity 46
and authority 127
and autonomy 191–4
and marginality 8, 104, 162
youth/middle age 171–2, 189
Oranje Vrijstaat 12, 17
organizational skills 51, 59–60
originality 191, 192
Others 3, 46, 48
internal 69–70, 89, 90, 189
Muslim 32 see also Mainstream
Owens, Lynn 15, 16, 17, 19
Cracking Under Pressure 6
participants, observing 40
participatory democracy 29
passive behavior 139–40
performance 4–5, 29, 90
and eviction waves 70–4
front stage/backstage 3–4, 8–9, 10, 29, 67–70, 73, 88, 131–2, 198 see also squatter capital
personal growth 172
Peter 166, 171, 172, 173, 176, 186–91, 198
police 71
defending squatters 184
squatters views of 74–5
political process theories 25, 26
Political Wing of the Squatters Movement (PvK) 15–16, 19–21
Polletta, Francesca, Freedom Is an Endless Meeting 29
population, Amsterdam 9
power dynamics, and class 29
Prins Hendrikskade 20
private/public space 37–8, 159
Provos 11, 13–14
public/private space 37–8, 159
punks 177
crusty 64–5, 79, 81–2, 90
and the Motorflex block 96–7, 98–9
“party” 179 see also crusty punks
PvK (Political Wing of the Squatters Movement) 15–16, 19–21
race/racism 33, 87, 88, 89
radical habitus 29
radio station, Vrije Keyser (Free Emperor) 16
ravers study 47, 48–9, 67
rejection and mastery 4, 5, 47, 90, 92, 109, 113, 118, 180, 186, 191, 193
resource mobilization approach 25–6, 29
riots see violence
rites of passage 34, 172–3
Rivierenstraat 91n.5
rudeness of activists 4, 18 see also hostility
Rupp, Leila J. 28
rupture 46, 50, 87, 88, 107, 133
scene points 38, 65–6, 73–4, 140, 182, 183, 194, 202
Scholl, Christian 30
Schwalbe, Michael 32
Sedgwick, Eve, Between Men 119
self-realization 162, 180, 191–9
Sennett, Richard 118
Hidden Injuries of Class, The 110
sense of one’s place 107
sexuality 39
and gossip 94–5, 113
Karima 154–5
sharing private space 37–8, 159
Shirin 94, 96, 198
as culturally marginal 96, 98–101, 104–5, 107–8, 198
Shiv Sena 32
“showing commitment” 131–3, 159
guests 149
living groups 134–55
and squatter capital 50
undocumented people 151
skills 4, 42, 46, 49–50, 55, 108, 109–11
breaking51, 56–7, 56
building 55, 57–9, 82
class-based 29
non-instrumental acts of bravery 65–7
organizational 51, 59–60
and PvKers 19
rioting 82
strategic manipulation 60–5 see also authority
Smelser, Neil, Theory of Collective Behavior 24–5
Snow, David A. 27
social centers movement 30–1, 197
UK 204n.3
Vrankrijk 1–3, 2, 181
social housing 10, 12, 21, 23
Lucky Luijk 18–19
social movement actors 25–6
social movement studies 31–4, 101–2, 162, 202
literature 24–31
social position 34, 47, 88, 102, 103 see also class
social positions 34
solidarity 109, 202–3
Squatted Houses Services Agency Kraakpandendienst 12
squatter bosses (kraakbonzen) 19, 110
Coen 108–9, 110, 127
Damien 76, 88, 95, 97–8, 110, 120–5, 127
Dominic 95, 110, 114–19, 125, 127
squatter capital 42, 45–50, 89–90
author’s 37, 38
breaking skills51, 56–7, 56
building skills 57–9
and drug use 158
negative 187
non-instrumental acts of bravery 65–7
organizational skills 59–60
squatting a house 50–5
strategic manipulation 60–5
Squatter Housing Agency (Woningburo de Kraker) 11, 12
squatters movement (history) 4, 5–6, 8, 10–13
historiography 7–10
Nieuwmarktbuurt 13–15
socio-political context during fieldwork 22–3, 22
violence 6–7, 15–18, 18–21
Squatters Newspaper (De Kraakkrant) 17
squatting day 12
squatting information hour (KSUs/Kraakspreekuren) 187–8
and squatting a house 50–1, 52–4
squatting kit 51–2
Staatsliedenbuurt neighborhood 15, 16, 19–21, 199
stad was van ons, De (City Was Ours, The) (documentary) (Seelan) 6, 20–1, 22
Stanislavski school of acting 137
status see authenticity; hierarchy; squatter capital
De Straat (The Street) 14
strategic manipulation 60–5, 105–7
structural vulnerability 155
student movements 103
student squatters 85, 90
subculture studies 47–8, 103
symbolism 28, 34
and acts of bravery 55, 60, 65–7
of barricading 74–5
taste 28–9, 46–7, 90, 92–3, 143, 162
middle-class 142
working-class 95, 126–7
Taylor, Charles 191
Taylor, Verta 28
Thornton, Sarah 46, 47–8, 67
thugs see knokploeg (hired thugs)
torture 20–1
“traitors” 20
Tram 10 fire 19, 20
Turner, Victor 32
undocumented people 70, 85–9, 184
United Kingdom 203n.3
United States 195
communes 134–5
Women’s movement 28
urban anthropology 24
value-oriented movements 24
violence 8, 18–21, 203
and baby punks 83
and the coronation of Queen Beatrix 17
and eviction waves 70–4
Groote Keyser eviction 16
Lucky Luijk 18–19
Tram 10 fire 19, 20
Vondelstraat eviction 16
vokus 35, 36
“Op-Roti” 97
Vondelstraat eviction 16
Vrankrijk 1–3, 2, 181
Vrije Keyser (Free Emperor) (radio station) 16
“white plans” 11, 14
Whittier, Nancy, Feminist Generations 27–8, 29, 33, 170
wild squatters 79, 80–1, 90
Williams, Erik 15
women 176
breakers 56–7
builder skills 58–9
and collective projects 188
cultural centrality 163–8
and education 173
squatting as temporary necessity 170
and strategic manipulation 64–5
women’s movement 27–30
Woningburo de Koevoet (The Crowbar Housing Agency) 11, 12
Woningburo de Kraker (The Squatter Housing Agency) 11, 12
working-class 5, 10, 106–9
and DeStraat 14
and drug abuse 180
immigrants 23, 31, 86, 88, 152
taste/habitus 95
women 48
see also Ludwic; Peter; Shirin
xenophobia 23
Yoghurt (squatter) 1–3
youth
and cultural centrality 162
middle age continuum 171–3
participation 34, 169–70
yuppies 85–9, 90

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The autonomous life?

Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the squatters movement in Amsterdam

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