The ‘fiscal-military hub’ of Amsterdam
Intermediating the French subsidies to Sweden during the Thirty Years’ War
in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789

This chapter offers a different perspective on the study of subsidies by looking beyond the interstate level, adding a new dimension to our understanding of the development of the state system. Not only were subsidies arranged by state and non-state agents; this contribution argues that subsidies along with other war-making resources were organized in specific urban European centres, here referred to as ‘fiscal-military hubs’. By shifting focus from entrepreneurs to fiscal-military hubs we may obtain further insights into resource mobilization, in particular the relationship between the business of war and European state formation.


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