Appendix 2
Ratification of the World Heritage Convention, 1973–2020
in Heritopia

Appendix 2

Ratification of the World Heritage Convention, 1973–2020

World Heritage Convention – ratification by states with numbers for each year and also accumulation of numbers and percentages; data from whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties; www.un.org/en/sections/member-states/growth-united-nations-membership-1945-present/index.html.

INNOVATORS 2.5 %

1973: 1 (0.7 %) of 135 members
United States of America

EARLY ADOPTERS 2.5 %

1974: 9, total 10 (7.2 %) of 138 members
6 Algeria (24/6), 7 Australia (22/8), 4 Bulgaria (7/3), 8 Democratic Republic of Congo (23/9), 2 Egypt (7/2), 3 Iraq (5/3), 10 Niger (23/12), 9 Nigeria (23/10), 5 Sudan (6/6)

1975: 10, total 20 (13.9 %) of 144 members
Cyprus, Ecuador, France, Ghana, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Morocco, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia

EARLY MAJORITY 16 %

1976: 6, total 26 (17.7 %) of 147 members
Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Canada, Germany, Pakistan, Poland, Senegal

1977: 8, total 34 (22.8 %) of 149 members
Brazil, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guyana, India, Mali, Norway, United Republic of Tanzania

1978: 8, total 42 (27.8 %) of 151 members
Argentina, Italy, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Nepal, Panama, Saudi Arabia

1979: 6, total 48 (31.6 %) of 152 members
Afghanistan, Denmark, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Nicaragua

1980: 7, total 55 (35.7 %) of 154 members
Central African Republic, Chile, Haiti, Portugal, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Yemen

1981: 5, total 60 (38.2 %) of 157 members
Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Greece, Mauritania, Oman

1982: 9, total 69 (43.9 %) of 157 members
Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Holy See, Malawi, Mozambique, Peru, Spain, Zimbabwe

1983: 8, total 77 (48.7 %) of 158 members
Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Colombia, Jamaica, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Turkey

LATE MAJORITY 50 %

1984: 5, total 82 (51.6 %) of 159 members
Mexico, New Zealand, Qatar, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Zambia

1985: 5, total 87 (54.7 %) of 159 members
China, Dominican Republic, Hungary, Philippines, Sweden

1986: 3, total 90 (56.6 %) of 159 members
Gabon, Maldives, Saint Kitts and Nevis

1987: 8, total 98 (61.6 %) of 159 members
Burkina Faso, Congo, Finland, Gambia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam

1988: 7, total 105 (66 %) of 159 members
Belarus, Cabo Verde, Malaysia, Paraguay, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Ukraine (+ DDR/German Democratic Republic, integrated 1990)

1989: 3, total 108 (67.9 %) of 159 members
Albania, Indonesia, Uruguay

1990: 5, total 113 (71.1 %) of 159 members
Belize, Fiji, Mongolia, Romania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

1991: 8, total 121 (72.9 %) of 166 members
Angola, Bahrain, Cambodia, El Salvador, Ireland, Kenya, Saint Lucia, San Marino

1992: 9, total 130 (72.6 %) of 179 members
Austria, Croatia, Georgia, Japan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Tajikistan

1993: 6, total 136 (73.9 %) of 184 members
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Uzbekistan

1994: 3, total 139 (75.1 %) of 185 members
Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Turkmenistan

1995: 6, total 145 (78.4 %) of 185 members
Dominica, Estonia, Iceland, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Mauritius

1996: 1, total 146 (78.9 %) of 185 members
Belgium

1997: 5, total 151 (81.6 %) of 185 members
Andorra, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Suriname, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

1998: 4, total 155 (83.8 %) of 185 members
Botswana, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Grenada, Togo

1999: 2, total 157 (83.5 %) of 188 members
Chad, Israel

LAGGARDS 84 %

2000: 4, total 161 (85.2 %) of 189 members
Comoros, Kiribati, Namibia, Rwanda

2001: 6, total 167 (88.4 %) of 189 members
Bhutan, Eritrea, Niue, Samoa, Serbia, United Arab Emirates

2002: 8, total 175 (91.6 %) of 191 members
Barbados, Kuwait, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, Republic of Moldova, Vanuatu

2003: 2, total 177 (92.7 %) of 191 members
Lesotho, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

2004: 1, total 178 (93.2 %) of 191 members
Tonga

2005: 3, total 181 (94.8 %) of 191 members
Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Trinidad and Tobago

2006: 3, total 184 (95.8 %) of 192 members
Guinea-Bissau, Montenegro, São Tomé and Príncipe

2007: 1, total 185 (96.4 %) of 192 members
Djibouti

2008: 0, 185 (96.4 %) of 192 members

2009: 1, total 186 (96.9 %) of 192 members
Cook Islands

2010: 1, total 187 (97.4 %) of 192 members
Equatorial Guinea

2011: 2, total 189 (97.9 %) of 193 members
Brunei Darussalam, Palestine

2012: 1, total 190 (98.4 %) of 193 members
Singapore

2013: 0, total 190 (98.4 %) of 193 members

2014: 1, total 191 (99 %) of 193 members
Bahamas

2015: 0, total 191 (99 %) of 193 members

2016: 1, total 192 (99.5 %) of 193 members
South Sudan

2020: 1, total 193 (100.0 %) of 193 members
Somalia

Holy See Non-member observer status 1964

Palestine Non-member observer status 2012

Heritopia

World Heritage and modernity

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