Xavier Raufer
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A neglected dimension of conflict
The Albanian mafia
in Potentials of disorder

Several visible signs in the multi-criminal activity show that Albanian crime has attained a high degree of organisation and sophistication. In autumn 1999, the Italian Directorate for Anti-Mafia Investigations (DIA) transmitted to its supervising authorities a confidential report entitled 'Strategic and tactical importance of Albanian criminal organisations'. All experts on the Balkan criminal scene are categorical that the Albanian parties in Macedonia emanate directly from the local mafia. Several of their leaders like Midhat Emini and Husein Haskaj have already been convicted of arms trafficking. The Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) is a narco-guerrilla force financed by the heroin from the Balkans route. The Albanian criminal groups show a remarkable aptitude in the matter of financial management and a theoretical ability to carry out recycling. The chapter provides examples of international cooperation practised by Albanian organised crime.

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