Christian Giordano
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Land reforms and ethnic tensions
Scenarios in south east Europe
in Potentials of disorder

This chapter analyses two cases which indicates how land reforms enacted in Romania and Yugoslavia between the two world wars were reputedly legislative acts, used to solve both the 'social question' and the 'agrarian question'. In most of Europe's south eastern countries, the economic factors have created a widespread atmosphere of social tension that has often broken out into bloody revolts. An example of such a case is the well-known blood revolts of the Romanian farmers in the spring of 1907. The Yugoslav land reform was surely not a prior instance of 'ethnic cleansing' but it certainly was a relevant factor contributing to the escalation of ethnic tension in the southern regions, especially in Kosovo. The chapter presents some examples which clearly show the 'ethnicisation' of land reforms in south east Europe.

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