This collection interrogates the representation of humanitarian crisis and catastrophe, and the refraction of humanitarian intervention and action, from the mid-twentieth century to the present, across a diverse range of media forms: traditional and contemporary screen media (film, television and online video) as well as newspapers, memoirs, music festivals and social media platforms (such as Facebook, YouTube and Flickr). The book thus explores the historical, cultural and political contexts that have shaped the mediation of humanitarian relationships since the middle of the twentieth century. Together, the chapters illustrate the continuities and connections, as well as the differences, which have characterised the mediatisation of both states of emergency and acts of amelioration. The authors reveal and explore the significant synergies between the humanitarian enterprise, the endeavour to alleviate the suffering of particular groups, and media representations, and their modes of addressing and appealing to specific publics. The chapters consider the ways in which media texts, technologies and practices reflect and shape the shifting moral, political, ethical, rhetorical, ideological and material dimensions of international humanitarian emergency and intervention, and have become integral to the changing relationships between organisations, institutions, governments, individual actors and entire sectors.
Dlawer Ala’Aldeen is the Founding President of the Middle East Research Institute. Formerly, he served as Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research in the Kurdistan Regional Government and as Professor of Medicine at Nottingham University. He has long been engaged in capacity-building and nation-building projects in Iraq, and has published extensively on political and security dynamics, governance systems and democratisation in the Middle East. His recent books include: Nation-Building and the System of Governance in the Kurdistan Region (2013, in Kurdish) and State-Building: A Roadmap for the Rule-of-Law and Institutionalisation in the Kurdistan Region (2018, in Kurdish).
Steven Blockmans is Director a.i. of the Brussels-based think tank Centre for European Policy Studies and Professor of EU External Relations Law and Governance at the University of Amsterdam. He is the author of The Obsolescence of the European Neighbourhood Policy (2017) and Tough Love: The EU’s relations with the Western Balkans (2007), and he has published widely on the EU’s integrated approach to external action. Steven is a frequent media commentator and regularly advises governments of countries in wider Europe and in Asia on their relations with the EU. He is a member of the EU’s track 1.5 process with Russia.
Morten Bøås is Research Professor at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). He is the author of numerous articles, and his books include The Politics of Conflict Economies: Miners, Merchants and Warriors in the African Borderland (2015), Africa’s Insurgents: Navigating an Evolving Landscape (2017, co-edited with Kevin Dunn) and Doing Fieldwork in Areas of International Intervention: A Guide to Research in Violent and Closed Contexts (2020, co-edited with Berit Bliesemann de Guevara). From 2016 to 2019, Bøås was the Principal Investigator of the European Commission Horizon 2020-funded EUNPACK.
Loes Debuysere is a Researcher in the CEPS’s Foreign Policy Unit. Her expertise and publications are situated at the intersections of gender politics, democratisation and micro-level dynamics of conflict. Her geographic area of expertise is North Africa and the Maghreb. Loes holds a PhD in Conflict and Development Studies from the University of Ghent and an MA in Middle Eastern Studies from SOAS, University of London. She is affiliated as a Researcher with the Middle East and North Africa Research Group (MENARG) of Ghent University.
Bård Drange is a Doctoral Researcher in Political Science at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) and the University of Oslo. His doctoral research is on issues of peace and justice coupled with conflict management and conflict dynamics in Colombia. Drange holds an MA in Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Oslo. Previously, he worked as a Junior Research Fellow at NUPI on the role of external actors in statebuilding, with a geographic focus on the Sahel.
Enver Ferhatovic studied Political Science/Law (MA, 1999) at Freie Universität Berlin. Between 2000 and 2013 he worked for the UN, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the EU in New York, Sarajevo, Khartoum, Kabul, Nairobi, Brussels and Berlin. Between 2016 and 2019 he was the Research Fellow for EUNPACK. His teaching and research areas are European Security and Foreign Policy, International Relations (IR) Theory and Peacebuilding. He is currently writing his PhD on the effectiveness of Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) policing missions.
Rabea Heinemann holds a BA in European Studies from the University of Magdeburg and an MA in IR from Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and University of Potsdam. She has studied in St Petersburg and worked in Brussels and Vienna in EU-related foreign policy institutions. Currently, she works at Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and advises the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) regarding the German Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Kristian L. Gjerde is a Research Fellow at the NUPI and a PhD candidate in Political Science at the University of Oslo. He is co-editor of the Nordic area studies journal Nordisk Østforum. His publications include articles on Russian domestic and foreign policy in the journals East European Politics and European Security. He has a keen interest in the use of programming as a tool in Social Science and Area Studies research, and has developed software for visual exploration of text collections (peer-reviewed in the Journal of Open Source Software).
Roger Mac Ginty is Professor at the School of Government and International Affairs, and Director of the Durham Global Security Institute, both at Durham University. He edits the journal Peacebuilding and co-directs the Everyday Peace Indicators project.
Kari M. Osland is Senior Research Fellow and Head of the Research Group on Peace, Conflict and Development. Her research fields include international assistance to police reform, including security sector reform, peace operations, peace- and statebuilding, political analysis of the Balkans, war crimes (especially genocide and questions related to international tribunals) and comparative methodology.
Mateja Peter is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in IR at the University of St Andrews and a Senior Research Fellow at NUPI. Previously she was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) and the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS). She holds a PhD and an MPhil from the University of Cambridge and a BA from the University of Ljubljana. She is pursuing research on global governance and international organisations, peace operations and statebuilding, questions of international authority and broader politics of international interventions in (post-)conflict territories.
Ingo Peters studied Political Science at Freie Universität Berlin (PhD, 1987) and at the University of Lancaster (MA in IR and Strategic Studies, 1983). He is currently Associate Professor at the Otto-Suhr-Institute for Political Science, Freie Universität Berlin, and Executive Director of the Center for Transnational Studies, Foreign and Security Policy. His teaching and research areas are German foreign policy, European security and EU foreign policy, transatlantic relations and IR theory.
Sandra Pogodda is a Lecturer in Peace and Conflict Studies in the Politics Department at the University of Manchester. Sandra completed her PhD in IR at the University of Cambridge as a Marie Curie Fellow before joining the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, the United States Institute of Peace and the University of St Andrews as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow. Her research focuses on contemporary revolutions in the Arab region and their impacts on Peace and Conflict Studies. Among her publications are two co-edited volumes: Post-Liberal Peace Transitions (2016) and the Palgrave Handbook of Disciplinary and Regional Approaches to Peace (2016).
Luca Raineri is Researcher in Security Studies at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa. His research investigates the security implications of transnational phenomena, focusing in particular on the Sahara-Sahel region.
Oliver P. Richmond is a Research Professor in IR, Peace and Conflict Studies in the Department of Politics at the University of Manchester. He is also an International Professor at Dublin City University. His publications include Peace Formation and Political Order in Conflict Affected Societies (2016) and Failed Statebuilding (2014). He is the editor of the Palgrave book series Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies and co-editor of the journal Peacebuilding.
Pernille Rieker is a Research Professor at NUPI and full Professor at Inland University College. She holds a PhD from the University of Oslo (2004). Her research interests are European foreign and security policy, with a special focus on the EU, France and the Nordic countries. Her latest publications include the article ‘Plugging the capability–expectations gap: Towards effective, comprehensive and conflict-sensitive EU crisis response?’, in European Security (2019, 28:1, 1–21, with Steven Blockmans), and the monograph French Foreign Policy in a Changing World: Practising Grandeur (2017).
Francesco Strazzari is Professor in IR at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa, and Adjunct Professor at NUPI (Oslo) and at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) Europe, Johns Hopkins University (Bologna). He works on the complex interlinkages between organised crime and armed conflict, with a focus on the European neighbourhood.
Sofia Sturm holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Vienna and an MA in IR from Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and University of Potsdam. She has studied in Jerusalem and worked in foreign policy institutions in New York and the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Currently, she works at GIZ and advises the BMZ regarding the design of future-fit development policies and strategies, focusing on African–European relations and the German EU Presidency 2020.
Qayoom Suroush has an MA in Politics and Security from OSCE Academy in Bishkek. He has worked as a researcher with different leading research organisations, including Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN), Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU). He has published on a variety of subjects, including Afghanistan’s police reform and the programme of the EU’s Police Mission in Afghanistan. Suroush is currently working as a Researcher with the Centre for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC). Suroush’s general research and academic interests are security, conflict, history and Islamic studies.
Abdoul Wahab Cissé is a Researcher at the Resource Centre of the Alliance for Rebuilding Governance in Africa (ARGA), an African think tank based in Dakar. He was also for ten years an Associate Professor of Political Science at IMES (Catholic University of West Africa), Dakar. His expertise and publications relate to migration issues, governance in general and issues of security and social cohesion. His priority research area is West Africa. Cissé holds a PhD in Political Science from Sciences Po Bordeaux, and a DEA in African Studies and a DEA in Sociology from the University of Bordeaux. He holds also an MA in Philosophy from the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar.