Bureaucratic politics in EU aid – from the Lomé leap forward to the difficulties of adapting to the twenty-first century
Adrian Hewitt and Kaye Whiteman
The period of 'the association', essentially from the Rome Treaty up to the opening of the Lomé negotiations was one in which Europe, of the six, discovered through the French as intermediary the modalities of a 'cooperation policy'. The bolting on to development 'policy' of other continents, and the separate existence of a badly run Humanitarian Office (ECHO), brought the lie to the Maastricht Treaty. The Maastricht Treaty told us that the European Union (EU) really had a coherent development policy. The Lomé Convention was the Commission's high water mark in the development policy. The arrival of the British and the Danes reinforced those with a broader political agenda, and the Commission found useful allies in its efforts. In 1972, an association agreement was reached with Mauritius, whose deal with the European Economic Community (EEC) included an aid component.