A never-ending story of mutual attraction and estrangement
Nikos Frangakis and Antonios D. Papayannides
When dealing with Greek attitudes towards the process of European integration, one should still bear in mind that Euroscepticism reigned in a large segment of both the elites and public opinion at large. Among economic elites one finds clear pro-European Union (EU) reflexes. Intellectual/political elites are less reliable in their European attachment, notwithstanding the fact that it was among academics that much of the early support for European integration was mustered in the early years of Euroscepticism. Foreign policy considerations and the social impact of the protracted stabilisation policies needed to open the way to Euro participation are the main sources of elite scepticism. The press and electronic media provide mainly pro-European coverage. Greek participation in the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 2001 was generally touted as the paramount policy objective.