Christian Franck, Hervé Leclercq, and Claire Vandevievere
The Belgian policy toward European integration is the most significant demonstration Belgium has made of its commitment to multilateralism and international co-operation in security as well as in economic affairs. While the 'Europeanisation' of politics and policies is increasing, a question may be raised concerning the parallels between Belgian federalism and European federalisation. Such parallels have been drawn by the Belgian authorities, namely by Kings Baudouin and Albert II. While this 'official' approach might be seen as an attempt to legitimise the Belgian federal experiment as part of the European experience, one may also suggest that the two processes are moving in opposite directions. The first represents a case of 'centrifugal' federalism while the second illustrates a 'centripetal' or associative federalism.