In Romania, most environmental problems, including deterioration of water source quality, have their origin in intensive industrialization and development of agriculture. The science shop used the report to promote science shop activities as an example of student participation, and also to raise public awareness about the quality of drinking water in Iasi. Iasi underwent a rapid industrialization and population growth. Prior to the beginning of this project, no correlations had been made between the quality of water sources, the water treatment at the Water Works Company and the opinions and expectations of the residents. As the project was conducted through a Romanian science shop, all costs were supported from the MATRA Social Transformation Programme of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which provided seed funding to the science shops.
The Danish Society for the Conservation of Nature (DN) of Frederikssund is a local committee of a national non-governmental organization (NGO) working towards protecting nature and the environment. DN Frederikssund addresses local issues regarding the protection of nature and the environment to achieve local sustainable development. It initiates local campaigns, participates in political hearings and comments on the municipality's environmental strategies and plans. In the mid-1990s, DN Frederikssund became aware of science shops through correspondence from the science shops at Roskilde University Centre (RUC). DN Frederikssund saw this as an opportunity to engage in research about the pollution levels in village ponds in Frederikssund municipality. DN Frederikssund has defined more project requests for the science shops at RUC and the University of Copenhagen (KU). The NGO was able to use the results to pressure the municipality of Frederikssund on the issue of the lakes' health.
Eileen Martin, Emma McKenna, Henk Mulder, and Norbert Steinhaus
This chapter considers the role of science shops in helping to develop policy to support community engagement within universities, both at the European level and at the country level. It discusses lessons learned by science shops in embedding community-university partnerships in policy, with a view to enhancing their sustainability. A science shop provides independent, participatory research support in response to concerns experienced by civil society. Science shop practitioners recognized the potential links between their work, which aimed to democratize science with the wider European Commission (EC) Science and Society agenda. Attempts have been made by science shops in different countries to either capitalize on current public and institutional policy where it exists or to create a policy context where it does not exist. EC support has also enabled some science shops to make stronger arguments for support at national and local levels.