Still unique or just one in the crowd?
Karen E. Smith

is making it very difficult to strengthen the partnership; external events are frustrating the EU’s strategy. Asia Of the five regions covered here, Asia is the most diverse. It encompasses some of the richest economies in the world (Japan, South Korea) and some of the poorest (Cambodia, Laos). Disputes and conflicts divide the region’s countries (India–Pakistan and China–Taiwan, to name but two). As a result, devising a strategy for all of Asia is difficult, but the Union still locates its assistance programme under one ‘Asia’ heading. The Union’s relations have

in EU development cooperation
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

something different for the Francophone majority. France has persisted doggedly with colonial rule, unable, it seems, to relinquish its past status as a world empire (Scarr, 2001: 265). The Caroline, Mariana and Marshall Islands and Guam  –​the area of Micronesia  –​had a shared historical experience of intensive inter-​imperial rivalry. Spanish rule gave way, between 1886 and the end of the Pacific War, to German domination and then Japanese expansionism and emigration, ending in outright military takeover. American military occupation of Guam portended overall political

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

for many centuries, the words most commonly used for blue are glaukos and kyaneos ... During the classical era, kyaneos meant a dark color: deep blue, violet, brown, and black. In fact, it evokes more the ‘feeling’ of the color than its actual hue. The term glaukos, which existed in the Archaic period and was much used by Homer, can refer to gray, blue, and sometimes even yellow or brown. Philip Ball tells us that blue and yellow are categorised together in some Slavic languages as well as in other languages in northern Japan, East Nigeria and among some northern

in Austerity baby
Christine E. Hallett

just published, she escaped the ‘zone of the armies’ and chose to put thousands of miles between herself and war-torn Europe, travelling to China with longstanding friend and companion Emily Chadbourne, and remaining there for two years, visiting Japan, French Indo-China, Siam, and the Straits Settlements. She spent much of her time writing and campaigning against the exploitation of colonised people, and most particularly against the opium trade.51 For her efforts, she was awarded the Lun Tse Hsu Memorial Medal by the Chinese Nationalist Government, and the Order of

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Golf comes to America
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

from the United States Department of Agriculture explained that the Japanese Beetle had infested golf courses in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Leach was able to further comment on the implications of this development for golf thanks in large part to two years’ worth of beetle-focused laboratory observations – in other words, thanks to research. More study was needed, though, to determine how the beetle might be eradicated without causing undue harm to the golf course itself (Leach, 1921

in The greening of golf
Catherine Baker

Macedonian authorities (McGarry 2017 : 147). These rappers typically perform at alternative cultural centres and human-rights festivals while continuing to work in their hometowns' low-paid and informal economies. Similar translations of hip-hop as a visual, sonic and embodied language of both marginality and glamour have happened around the world. The complex of hip-hop music, fashion and dance in mid-1990s Japan, for instance, made one anthropologist ask: ‘as hip-hop goes global, what happens to the cultural politics of race inherent in American hip

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Arantza Gomez Arana

.1% China: 11.4% China: 9.7% China: 11.5% US: 15.2% Argentina: 12.3% Argentina: 6.2% US: 10.9% EU-27: 9.4% China: 10.8% Switzerland: 6.2% Japan: 4.7% Chile: 4.3% China: 7.3% US: 7.5% Nigeria: 4.1% Mexico: 2.5% Mexico: 2.5% Paraguay: 4.6% Chile: 3.5% Paraguay: 1.6% Paraguay: 1.6% Mexico: 3.0% South Korea: 2.3% Russia: 1.6% Uruguay: 1.5% Nigeria: 3.0% Mexico: 2.2% Uruguay: 1.5% Japan: 1.3% Russia: 2.5% Russia: 2.1% Japan: 1.3% South Africa: 2.3% Russia: 9.7% Norway: 4.7% Brazil: 2.2% Note:  Figures are percentage of total foreign trade

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Open Access (free)
Rodney Barker

hence its own environment, x , too, will change. An explanation, therefore, unless it is of a severely limited event and chronology, will always be an interpretation, narrative, or description. To fully describe a change is not to explain why something happened, but to give the fullest account of what did in fact happen. This is all that is possible, though it is no small thing, and all accounts which claim to be explanations are more accurately seen as fuller accounts or descriptions. So, for instance, an account of the changed character of the Japanese polity and

in Cultivating political and public identity
Caroline Rusterholz

‘to help them with knowledge and advice for limiting and spacing their family’. 5 The centre had correspondents in many countries, such as Poland, Spain, South Africa, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Soviet Russia, Canada, India, Japan, China and France. These correspondents testify to the onset of an international movement. Interestingly, the French correspondents who were invited to present the situation in France to members of the centre were not native French, but migrants who lived in France; these included

in Women’s medicine
Mark Harvey

‘undermine economic value’) while clusters are good (‘open’, ‘facilitating’, 1998a, p. 227). The best kinds of clusters are to be found mostly in the USA, where the greatest number provide the greatest synergies arising from overlapping clusters, whereas in developing countries clusters tend to be too centralised around a few dominant players, are often state supported, and are ‘hub-and-spoke networks’ (1998a, p. 231). Japan is castigated for following such a model, exacerbated by a metropol-centric and overdirected bias. Given this fusion of the empirical and the

in Market relations and the competitive process