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with the outbreak of the Second World War did not destroy liberal support for internationalism. Liberals have been vigorous in their support for the United Nations since its foundation in 1945. They are the most enthusiastic supporters of wholehearted commitment by Britain to the European Union and its project for European integration. This internationalism springs from the liberal belief in free trade and from the assumption

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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representative institutional politics. Debates about rights and participation in movements for democracy have led women’s groups to the recognition that it is imperative that the gains made through participation are institutionalized through laws, constitutions, and political machineries and practices. Interventions of international organizations such as the United Nations also helped to emphasize the importance of working with state institutions in order to improve the living conditions of women. Here we find significant variations depending upon the nature of political

in Democratization through the looking-glass
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Presidents Johnson and Nixon). Ironically, the rise of the Imperial Presidency coincides with historians’ rejection of the ‘great man’ view of historical causation; while the popular view that Ronald Reagan was a great president suggests we should seriously reconsider the position traditionally ascribed to others. The regular polls of American historians on the greatness (or otherwise) of US presidents have shown interesting changes as the liberal consensus of the 1960s gave way to the New Right in the 1980s. Meanwhile the rise of the United Nations and the emphasis on the

in Democratization through the looking-glass
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‘discovering and implementing politically areas of common interest’ between publics and national units in such an interdependent world was now, Dewey decreed, the new political ‘imperative’ of the twentieth century (LW2: 379). Dewey was himself buoyed by developments after the Second World War. In the second preface to The Public and Its Problems, written in 1946, Dewey cited 54 John Dewey the formation of the United Nations and the opening of debate about the nature of the organization as evidence that there was a growing sense ‘ … that relations between nations are

in John Dewey

suddenly ascribed ex-Yugoslavs the same status as Africans (i.e. objects of pity and mistrusted visa nationals) on to the figure of the African peacekeeper. In April 1995, negotiating a post-war UN peacekeeping mandate, the Croatian government was forced to deny reports it had insisted on no African or Asian states participating (O'Shea 2005 : 145). Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Malaysia had been among the larger United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) contributors in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and UNPROFOR's first commander (a public figure) was an Indian

in Race and the Yugoslav region
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Individuality, identification and multidirectional memorialisation in post-genocide Rwanda

Ibid., p. 300. 36 Guyer, ‘Rwanda’s bones’, 164. 37 Cook, ‘The politics of preservation’, p. 305. 38 Hatzfeld, Into the Quick of Life, pp. 81–​2. 39 Ibid., p. 116. 40 Diop, Murambi, p. 143. 41 Cook, ‘The politics of preservation’, p. 293. 42 Diop, Murambi, p. 71. 43 In addition to Rwandan anger at the perceived inaction of the international community, there is a scholarly consensus that Rwanda’s genocide could well have been prevented with the help of bodies such as the United Nations. For a particularly convincing report, see H. Adelman, ‘Blaming the United

in Human remains in society
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Yalta farewell; how new a world?

Soviets that it wanted to help – MUP_Torbion_05_Ch5 72 22/9/03, 12:38 pm 1989–92: Yalta farewell 73 before, during and after the events. The importance of the existence of what might be called the ‘international organisation network’ was fully shown during these momentous times. The Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the OECD, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and the several arms limitations negotiations under way: all in their various ways

in Destination Europe
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imports by domestic MUP_Torbion_06_Ch6 103 22/9/03, 1:47 pm 104 Destination Europe production and on exporting raw materials and agricultural commodities to the rich countries. This was the cardinal aim behind the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development formed in 1964, and behind the much-touted proposals for a New International Economic Order of the early 1970s. (That ambition collapsed, since the forming of cartels among producing nations proved impossible in all but a handful of commodities. Even OPEC rapidly lost ground after its brief heyday in the

in Destination Europe

reluctance of the Iraqis to reopen the Kerkuk–Yumurtalik pipeline. In the summer of 1993 Baghdad insisted that she would prefer the Mina al-Bakr route in any future arrangement that would allow her to re-export oil. It seems that Baghdad refused to put Turkey again in the influential position of controlling its oil export. It could produce the same result as Turkey did in August 1990, following the Iraqi invasion into Kuwait, when Ankara shut down the Yumurtalik outlet in accordance with United Nations (UN) resolutions. 8 (On oil and the mentality of Saddam Hussein and

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s

turned down. The United Nations had begun to use celebrity ‘Goodwill Ambassadors’ to promote its international development programmes from 1954, in the hope that their profile and glamour might rub off on the rather sombre topic of international development. The Peace Corps was placed in the unusual and enviable position of being pursued by actors, athletes and other celebrities who wanted to have some

in Global humanitarianism and media culture