Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace
norm exists, which
member states codified in the UnitedNations Charter, which obligates
states to resolve all disputes peacefully. While wars do occur, states
are usually hesitant to challenge this principle of international law.
In addition, waging war is a complicated prospect. If an upstream state
builds a disputed dam, then a more powerful downstream state has a
tactical target. Capturing a source
structures, particularly the implications of such a struggle for space and
the regulation of life.
93 Marisela Montenegro and Joan Pujol, ‘Introduction: Bordering, Exclusions and
Necropolitics’, Qualitative Research Journal, 17:3 (2017), 143.
94 Mbembe, ‘Necropolitics’, p. 17.
95 UnitedNations, Arab Human Development Report 2016: Youth and the Prospects for
Human Development in a Changing Reality (New York: UnitedNations, 2016), p. 17.
96 Fouad Ajami, ‘The End of Pan-Arabism’, Foreign Affairs, 57:2 (Winter 1978–79). 355.
97 Barnett, Dialogues in Arab Politics
hand. The main selection criterion is that the arrangements must have provisions that require attempts at influencing the
behaviour of target groups located in Northwestern Russia.
The major global instrument underlying systems for marine fisheries
management throughout the world is the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) (UnitedNations 1982), which entered into force on
16 November 1994. The Convention, with its 320 articles and 9
appendices, deals with a range of issues related to the use and management of the world’s ocean areas.26 Most
Virtuousness, virtuality and virtuosity in NATO’s representation of the Kosovo campaign
anarchy, wars are to be considered ‘just’ if they are
conducted by recognised entities, i.e. sovereign states. As for the
justness of the causes and purposes of war, the absence of
‘voice’ renders such judgement impossible.
To be sure, the UnitedNations Charter constitutes a
significant intervention into this logic. Article 2.4 of the Charter
postulates that states shall refrain from the threat or use of
, 2017 saw a flurry of long-range missile tests from North Korea, demonstrating its ability to strike the mainland United States. It also saw the tragic death of Otto Warmbier, an American citizen held captive in Pyongyang after being accused of stealing a propaganda sign while on a visit to the country. UN sanctions followed, and in August 2017 Trump asserted that North Korea would be met with ‘fire and fury like the world has never seen’ if it continued to threaten the United States. 26 In his September 2017 address to the UnitedNations, he threatened ‘to totally
2001 by the local authorities after a 26hour siege of his presidential villa in Belgrade.9 On 29 June 2001, he was
transferred to the ICTY and detained on remand at the UnitedNations Detention Unit in Scheveningen, The Hague. He was kept in solitary confinement
for a month. Throughout his incarceration he was been subject to constant
electronic surveillance. His initial appearances in respect of the indictments
took place on 3 July 2001 (the Kosovo indictment), 29 October 2001 (the
Croatia indictment), and 11 December 2001 (the Bosnia indictment).
Warfare, politics and religion after the Habsburg Empire in the Julian March, 1930s– 1970s
turbulent post-war period ensued. Until 1947 it was known as the Allied
Military Government of Venezia Giulia, divided into Zone A, under
British–American control, and Zone B under the Yugoslavian army.
Subsequently, for seven years, the two fiduciary forces controlled the
smaller Free Territory of Trieste (FTT); this was the failed project of
a buffer state directly controlled by the UnitedNations, in view of
a Roosevelt-inspired Federation of the World that never took off.3
With the London Memorandum in 1954, the Italian republic and
Tito’s Yugoslavia found a t
Future Earth, co-production and the experimental life of a global institution
Eleanor Hadley Kershaw
(formed in 2010) comprises the International Council for Science (ICSU);
the International Social Science Council; the Belmont Forum of global change research
funders; the UnitedNations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO); the UnitedNations Environment Programme; the UnitedNations
University; and the World Meteorological Organization (see www.stalliance.org/).
Science and the politics of openness
large-scale synthesis of existing research in assessments undertaken
by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the
The awareness in the donor community of the need for creating and
strengthening an institutional framework for regional cooperation, based on
a clear set of structures and institutional framework, has led to some
successes. Both the ICAS and the IFAS were established under international
donor pressure to improve regional cooperation on water management
policies.48 The World Bank, UnitedNations Development Program (UNDP)
and UnitedNations Environmental Program have been involved with the
Central Asian states in the ASBP. The three-phase, 20-year ASBP aims to
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw
notorious of these CDM waste-to-landfill projects is the Durban Bisasar Road Landfill project (Bond, 2007 ; Couth et al., 2011 ), but nine other projects have been approved by the South African Designated Authority as of April 2017 (SADNA, 2017 ). Eight were eventually registered with the UnitedNations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the institutional linchpin for managing the CDM architecture. Thus, a first observation is that while South Africa initially seemed to look like a perfect country for the rolling-out of CDM projects, as it has a