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The Marshall Plan films about Greece

moment in the long history of this relationship; they were part of one of the first post-Second World War audio-visual campaigns to promote a humanitarian cause at a transnational level. The Marshall Plan (MP) is the widely used term to describe the European Recovery Program (ERP), that is the material aid that the United States sent to the devastated economies of Western Europe to help

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds

. Towards double ‘peaks’: superpower rivalry and decolonisation/non-alignment In the immediate aftermath of World War II, the arrangements for a new world order reflected a multipolar power configuration, the embodiment of which can be found in the Security Council. In economic terms, the United States was clearly the dominant source of power. 1 Yet politically, the colonial powers, the Soviet Union

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
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The Debt–Growth–Inequality Nexus

“gross national product” was developed in the United States by Simon Kuznets and associates during the Great Depression (Fioramonti 2013: 23). With the memory of the 1930s depression fresh, leading economists such as John Maynard Keynes suggested that full employment was possible only in conditions of steady growth (Arndt 1978: 35). W. Arthur Lewis (1955: 420–421), in his classic work, The Theory of Economic Growth, suggested that growth would solve the problems of inflation and the balance of payments, promote greater economic equality, and provide greater control of

in Debt as Power
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Post-crisis Asia – economic recovery, September 11, 2001 and the challenges ahead

the West (in particular, the United States and Japan) during the crisis. In their view, since Western banks and financial institutions from the G-7 countries had created and exacerbated the crisis by suddenly pulling their funds from the region, it was only appropriate for Western governments to provide assistance. The fact that G-7 governments either declined individually to take part in the rescue operations (as was the case of the United States and Japan with Thailand), or required excessively stringent demands through the IMF, only served to aggravate the

in The Asian financial crisis

more fulsome discourse of civilisations that Duara points to. Concerns over the ‘progress’ of Japanese civilisation that circulated in the public writings of Tokutomi were shared by the author of the next perspective –​ heterodox Protestant Uchimura Kanzo. Some comparison of the two can help clarify the power of Uchimura’s point of view. Both had negative experiences of life in the United States and were focused on trans-​Pacific relations. Japan’s seizure of Taiwan and Korea and the annexation of Samoa, Guam and the Philippines by the United States enlarged the

in Debating civilisations
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Vaccine policy and production in Japan

virtually unmodified (Table 8.1 ). Table 8.1 Vaccine schedules in Japan and the United States, 2011 Japan United States Diphtheria Diphtheria Pertussis Pertussis Tetanus Tetanus Polio (OPV) Polio (IPV) Measles Measles Rubella (offered only to adolescent girls before 1994) Mumps Japanese encephalitis Rubella BCG Hepatitis B

in The politics of vaccination
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Reflections on the politics of openness in a new world order

justification for promoting this policy, which was articulated alongside further calls to build a wall along the US–Mexico border and deport millions of undocumented migrants living in the country. While the so-called ‘Muslim ban’ has been challenged successfully in the courts, the cumulative impact of both policy proposals has been to weaken the United States’ claim to be a country welcoming to immigrants and refugees. Many supporters of science worry this will discourage members of the international scientific community from collaborating with colleagues based at US

in Science and the politics of openness
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speak. Witness the impact European Union membership is now having on shifting the boundaries of judicial power in Britain, where, as McEldowney shows, we need a historical awareness to understand the antecedents and to appreciate the full significance of more recent advances in the ‘justicialization of government’. And it is also worth repeating, as Gonzales and King usefully remind us, that the United States made a quantum leap forward in respect of civil rights really only very recently – within the lifetime CONCLUSION 251 of American citizens now endeavouring to

in Democratization through the looking-glass

2 Re-assessing foreign policy 1969–72 There could be no special partnership between Britain and the United States, even if Britain wanted it. Prime Minister Heath to President Pompidou, May 19711 The jilted lover According to Henry Kissinger, Edward Heath rejected a close working partnership with Richard Nixon, which left him feeling akin to that of a ‘jilted lover’.2 Kissinger’s analysis has had an incredible impact upon the subsequent scholarly assessments of the US–UK relationship. As Heath’s official biographer Philip Ziegler has claimed, ‘Certainly it was

in A strained partnership?

an act of aggression had occurred, and pressed for the unconditional withdrawal of Belgian forces. The US representative categorically rejected the charges of aggression, 19 while the United States, Britain, France and Italy emphasised the humanitarian reasons for Belgian intervention, and held that contingency existed between the paragraphs. Unless law and order could be guaranteed, Belgium could not

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change