Open Access (free)
‘Deutschland den Deutschen!’
Cas Mudde

electoral defeats. Militant members openly indicted the parliamentary strategy of the party leadership and called for more extraparliamentary activism, partly in reaction to the highly successful actions of the extreme left Außerparlamentarische Opposition (Extraparliamentary Opposition) of that time. In November 1971 Von Thadden stepped down as party chairman, arguing that the NPD had got out of control. Before he went, however, he made sure that his successor was a confidant, Martin Mußgnug. In protest against the continuation of the ‘moderate’ law-abiding course a

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
From content warning to censorship
Jack Halberstam

practice, as Robin Morgan (1974) famously wrote, then in this new paradigm is explicit representation of sex or violence the trigger or the consequence, the cause or the effect, the problem or the solution? And if in fact feminist classrooms, in part, have created an understanding of oppression as victimisation and of activism as the control of representation, then what does this say about teaching, pedagogy, and the mediatised worlds in which we find ourselves? In conclusion, the trigger warnings battles indicate a new level of sensitivity to explicit materials in

in The power of vulnerability
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

‘medical attendants’ feared there was little hope of recovery. ‘Till about the eighth or tenth day’ after the accident, ‘all were in despair except Crister’ whose ‘faith and hope’ led him to the firm (and ultimately accurate) belief that Reay would survive.118 Placing particular emphasis on the importance of conversion, the authority of the Bible in providing lessons for faith and practice, and activism both in social causes and spreading the gospel, evangelical theology shaped thinking about accidents and disability in the religious culture of many mining communities

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Laura Chrisman

African socialist Jews,played a militant active role in the liberation movement before leaving – at a time when many activists both black and white were leaving for urgent political reasons – to continue her political activism in a far left movement in England. Of two possibilities, I don’t know which I find more troubling. One is that Robert Young made his insinuations in ignorance of Parry’s political history, in ignorance of South Africa’s political history – which ignorance itself would suggest a certain contemptuous disrespect of the country as undeserving of

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Caroline Rusterholz

psychosexual counselling and was a founding member of the Institute of Psychosexual Medicine in 1974. She also started her own private practice on Harley Street in 1974. Today, as I write these concluding remarks, the FPA has been placed into liquidation. These pioneers would have been very sad to see this organisation, for which they relentlessly fought, being closed. Its disappearance means that an important page of the history of reproductive health has now been turned. This closure reminds us how important activism is when it comes to sexual health

in Women’s medicine
Richard Parrish

this debate, four broad approaches can be identified. Activism The first approach sees the ECJ as an autonomous political actor seeking to strategically advance its own position and European integration in a manner consistent with its belief system. Not all writers agree that this has had a positive impact on integration (see for example Weiler 1981 and Rasmussen 1986). In particular judicial activism contributed not only to a reluctance of the member states to integrate through supranational channels, but also to disruptions and blockages in the EU’s political

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Robert Sutter

countering. The Rebalance policy accompanied US military pullbacks from Iraq and Afghanistan, with greater attention to a broad range of countries in Asia from India in the west, to Japan in the northeast, to the Pacific Island states in the southeast. US diplomatic activism increased; existing, substantial military deployments were maintained and strengthened in some areas; and trade and investment remained open and were poised to increase, notably via the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a twelve-nation Asia Pacific economic pact that represented the centrepiece of the

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Open Access (free)
‘Ordinary’ people and immigration politics
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson, and Roiyah Saltus

imaginary ‘ordinary people’ on whose behalf the Home Office Minister might have obligations of care and responsibility. At the same time, there are complexities to this seemingly stark divide in which pro-migration activism is also ensnared. For example, in the ‘I am an immigrant’ campaign discussed in Chapter 5 , which aimed to combat xenophobia by highlighting the lives of high-achieving migrants, a full spectrum of migrant lives – such as those

in Go home?
Heloise Brown

The political activism of women was positioned against the actions of the government and the Uitlanders, with the suggestion that women were more civilised than both because they would not entertain the possibility of going to war over an issue of political rights. Although these sentiments came from Alexa Peckover, the close working relationship between the two (Alexa was also active in the WLPA) meant that her ideas and reasoning were not so different from those of Priscilla Peckover. A clear hierarchy was presented, with peace and justice carrying more weight

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
The Peace Society and women
Heloise Brown

decidedly and emphatically expressed their resolve to take this powerful and supreme principle as the distinctly Christian basis of their operations.20 This emphasis upon ‘scriptural form’ and activism indicates that the women who influenced the Committee were Evangelicals, probably mainly Evangelical Quakers. Although the Peace Society was by the mid-1870s beginning to feel the tension between public persuasiveness (which meant non-absolutism) and Christian orthodoxy (which meant opposition to all war), and made use of politically-based arguments for practical steps

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’