Open Access (free)
Culture, criticism, theory since 1990
Scott Brewster

was benign, and based on a belief in fairness and justice. GLEN knew that there were real and positive traditional Irish values, arising from the struggle against colonialism and for civil, religious and economic rights, which could be activated, and the demand for equality was attuned to this heritage.56 9780719075636_4_002.qxd 30 16/2/09 9:23 AM Page 30 Contexts Tradition is invoked here as the driving force of radical social change, and there is a perceived commonality between nationalism and other forms of activism in the long historical struggle against

in Irish literature since 1990
De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
Peter Childs

Third World fiction after the Second World War that the fictional uses of “nation” and “nationalism” are most pronounced.’ He goes on to say that, following the war, English social identity underwent a transformation based on its earlier imperial encounters. Colonialism in reverse created ‘a new sense of what it means to be “English”’ (1990: 46–7). However, Brennan does not consider what changes have been wrought on that society, what reinventions of tradition have manufactured new Englands of the mind, alongside the pronouncements of newly forged nationalist

in Across the margins
Peter C. Little

African hot spot of “toxic colonialism” (Koné 2009).2 But, what seems less common in projects focused on Agbogbloshie are efforts to showcase how these workers are creative postcolonial agents actively documenting and communicating their own lived experience, pollution situation, and e-­waste vitality. In short, the chapter asks: what happens when e-­waste workers are involved image makers? What does this participatory photography do to and for representations of Agbogbloshie? To what extent can this alternative visualization shift understandings of a place and space

in Toxic truths
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

Britain’s colonies. Notes 1 The Times , “Marines landed at Trinidad: disorders spreading” (23 June 1937), p. 15. 2 The Times , “Another warship at Trinidad, three strikers shot” (26 June 1937), p. 13. 3 Constantine, British Colonial Development Policy ; Havinden and Meredith, Colonialism and Development ; Morgan, Official History of Colonial Development ; Butler, Industrialisation . 4 Bolland, On the March

in Science at the end of empire
Neil Macmaster

not constitute a significant issue: the immediate life-and-death business of waging war and of national survival was thought to be far too urgent a matter to allow energies to be diverted in this direction and women’s equality it was thought would be almost automatically achieved through independence and liberation from colonialism.1 However, the FLN was forced during the course of the war to take a position on women for two reasons: firstly, women gradually assumed a de facto role in the conflict, playing a major part in urban networks and the maquis as gun and

in Burning the veil
Jeremy C.A. Smith

confrontation with Western colonialism (such as ‘society’, ‘liberty’, ‘people’, ‘rights’ and ‘equality’), ‘civilisation’ was subject to inter-​ cultural appropriation and reconstruction during this period. A particularly interpretive part of the Meiji-​era transformation was careful observation of the world. Japan’s intelligentsia was well equipped with existing learning processes, as it had for years deliberated on secularised neo-​Confucian principles of knowledge (Collins, 2000: 685–​6). Universities quickly sprang up with official support and patronage, once the German

in Debating civilisations
Open Access (free)
Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic
Laura Chrisman

-acknowledged heterogeneity of Britishness through history. And one way to do this is by opening up a comparative mutually illuminating analysis of the languages and practices of British nationalism, colonialism and imperialism. Gilroy, in focusing solely on the interaction of languages of race and nation, forecloses such analysis. If materialism is useful for explaining and challenging exclusivist types of nationalism, so is the notion of utopia. Gilroy is indeed a big fan of utopianism, but his formulations align utopianism exclusively with outer-national cultural impulses. The

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Antonia Lucia Dawes

. The need to speak English was a constant reminder of the cultural imperialism of the USA and the lack of control that they could exert within the world economy. For Neapolitans, this feeling of inferiority, filtered through the memory of returnee emigrants speaking ‘americano’, was further complicated by the fact of having to try and speak English to other people who had been wounded by modernity. Other languages, introduced by people previously only known through a suppressed memory of colonialism, were partially integrated into transcultural talk where it was

in Race talk
Just war and against tyranny
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

‘grievous violations of the law of nature’. 31 According to Wilhelm Grewe’s reading of Grotius, his approach is ‘nothing other than the doctrine of religious intervention expressed in the language of natural law’. 32 The argument that saving people from maltreatment was a justification for colonialism and imperialism is levelled mainly at Vitoria and Grotius (see below). Antiquity and the Middle Ages Interestingly, Renaissance writers, notably

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

desire to change the domestic and/or international order, an order that seemed to need changing in favour of one’s own nation. It took two major forms. One form of radical nationalism was an essentially rightist form of politics; the other was the mainstay of anti-colonialism. Radical-right nationalism despised the old order, the privileged classes and out-dated institutions, all of which were condemned

in Understanding political ideas and movements