Open Access (free)
Becoming an “old maid”
Kinneret Lahad

. Complying with the heteronormative and familial models represents successful timing. This perhaps can shed some light upon why thirty-plus mothers are called “young mothers,” while single and childless women of the same age are termed “old.” The label of “the crazy old hag” or “aging old maid” is another indicator of how the chronological aging process of women is embedded within heteronormative, ageist, and sexist assumptions, through which they are devalued and socially marginalized. In this context, this stereotype designates the social death which awaits them, a

in A table for one
Open Access (free)
Individuality, identification and multidirectional memorialisation in post-genocide Rwanda
Ayala Maurer-Prager

renders its otherness radical and abject:  it is, as Julia Kristeva writes, that which is ‘not my correlative’ –​that which is ‘opposed to I’.2 The discomforting sense of the uncanny induced by the corpse’s visibility can be understood as partially motivating the many cultural dictums whose rituals of burial advocate the seemingly necessary invisibility of both death and the dead. When, however, the corpse remains visible, the living subject faces an eerily abject figure that forces processes of self-​identification to shift, almost seismically, on the axes on which

in Human remains in society
Alexander Korb

area. ‘The exhumations were a dreadful task’, the general said. ‘Nobody could enter the cave because the rotting bodies stank so badly. One man who we lowered down on a rope fainted and we had to pull him out again.’ 2 It seems that the soldiers were finally equipped with gas masks. During the Second World War, up to 45 million people lost their lives.3 Almost a quarter of them were victims of targeted attacks with the intent to kill and mass murders, rather than armed hostili­ ties. While the death of the victims can be said to have been well researched, many

in Human remains and mass violence
Kevin Hickson

(1918–77). This is not to argue that Crosland’s work is directly or entirely relevant to the contemporary situation. Over fifty years have passed since he wrote his major work, The Future of Socialism (Crosland [1956] 1963) and over thirty since his last significant publication, Socialism Now (Crosland 1974). Indeed, the essence of his argument was the need to revise the meaning of socialism as circumstances changed. The period since Crosland’s death has marked a period of significant challenge to the socialist position he outlined, both intellectually in the form of

in In search of social democracy
James Paz

are divided, my death is ordained.] Andy Orchard has argued that, if we allow ourselves to look beyond similar Latin enigmata by Alcuin and Symphosius, and the conventional ‘fish and river’ solution they offer us, then we might well understand this as a ‘soul and body’ riddle.12 Patrick J.  Murphy concurs, arguing that, while the correct solution must be a fish in the river, the ‘descriptive proposition is shaped by something more –​the unspoken metaphor of the soul and body’ so that the emphasis ‘is on exploring the contrasting relationship of guest with hall’.13

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Louise Amoore

theses are explored. The analysis focuses on five common aspects that reveal a central dominant representation of social change: the identification of exogenous transformative forces, disciplinary imperatives, historical convergence, social prescription and the death of conflict. I argue that it is these assumptions about social change that underpin and perpetuate the contemporary discourse of imperative labour flexibility. Flexibility itself has an amorphous quality that allows it to be applied ‘flexibly’ to describe the many facets of the contemporary restructuring

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
Gill Rye and Michael Worton

-war literary culture, with Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus and Simone de Beauvoir continuing up to – and beyond – the death of Sartre in  and of Beauvoir in . Indeed, in , a survey conducted by the literary magazine, Lire, demonstrated that Beauvoir was considered one of the ten most important intellectuals in France, the other writers being the (traditional) novelists Michel Tournier and Marguerite Yourcenar and the poet and artist, Henri Michaux. Furthermore, in many millennium polls conducted in France, the UK and the USA, Camus’s L’Etranger (The Outsider

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Hysterical tetanus in the Victorian South Pacific
Daniel Simpson

interview Nendö people as part of their investigation into the Pacific Islands labour trade, which Goodenough considered a modern form of slavery. In an echo of the death of Captain James Cook almost one hundred years before, the men came under attack while fleeing the beach for the relative safety of the Pearl 's whaleboats, pursued by islanders who had long since grown wary of British intrusion. Diligently recorded by the Pearl 's surgeon, Adam Brunton Messer, the symptoms suffered by at least three of the wounded sailors were undoubtedly those of tetanus. Though the

in Progress and pathology
Mandy Merck

after Diana’s death between her lifelong reserve and her anointed obligations to her symbolically childish subjects. This transfer of spectatorial sympathy represents a political coup de théâtre , and has been acknowledged as such. Not untypically, royal biographer William Shawcross maintains that The Queen rebutted allegations of the monarch’s ‘uncaring’ attitude to Diana’s death, capturing its

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Agency in the Finnsburg episode
Mary Kate Hurley

, and from the poem's report he very much does so, as he distributes treasure to Hengest's men ‘efne swa swiðe’ (just as often) (1092a) as he does to his own. 12 These rings are meant to bind together a community. Although the poem makes clear that Hengest (the leader of the Healf-Denes after the death of Hildeburh's brother) is already thinking about revenge, we have reason to believe that this network of Frisians and Healf-Denes might still hold together; however, Oslaf and

in Dating Beowulf