Search results

David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

period makes it hard to discern the relationship between industrial change and the incidence of impairment with any great precision.62 For many eighteenthand nineteenth-century Britons, however, a link between the expansion of the coal industry and a presumed increase in the occupational risks facing miners seemed clear. While the comparatively small size of pits in the early modern period had tended to keep accidents and fatalities to relatively low levels, the increasing scale and depth of mines from the late eighteenth century onwards, along with the rapid growth in

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
The case of colonial India and Africa
C. A. Bayly

economic expansion in the early modern period, but were only colonized towards 1900. Again, even within what became extractive imperial dependencies and poor post-colonial states, there have been huge variations between different regions. Dutch-ruled Java may have suffered ‘agricultural involution’, but the Chinese port cities from Penang and Singapore to the Sulu Sea registered rapid economic growth in the nineteenth century. Likewise, the Punjab and the princely state of Mysore in the British Indian Empire were much richer than the province of Bihar. Many of these

in History, historians and development policy
The relative efficacy of poor relief provisions under the English Old Poor Law
Richard Smith

of survivorship that held throughout the whole of the early modern period, not withstanding the tendency of life expectancy to go through a long cycle of deterioration and improvement.22 Similarly, did the face-to-face nature of the relationships between the ratepayer, the welfare administrator or overseer who might himself or his family Bayly 03_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:19 Page 95 The relative efficacy of poor relief provisions under the English Old Poor Law one day be a recipient of welfare and the welfare beneficiary, create the cohesiveness to which Lesthaeghe

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Education and development in modern Southeast Asian history
Tim Harper

so – chiefly through the ‘Indianization’ of the region’s early history, or the shared experience of an ‘age of commerce’ in the early modern period, or in common forms of local state-formation over the longer term – have all run into difficulties when confronted with the diversity of the region’s experience and the porousness of its boundaries. Its inhabitants rarely use the term ‘Southeast Asian’ of themselves. The term first secured international recognition with the creation of ‘South East Asia Command’ in 1943, and was entrenched by the Cold War, and the

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Daniel C. Remein and Erica Weaver

. Latinate in origin, the word intimacy only entered the English language during the early modern period, referring first to personal familiarity and then quickly developing an erotic charge in certain contexts. Indeed, the term derives from the Latin intimus (most inner) and originally denoted personal interiority or ‘intimate thoughts’ as well as exceptional closeness between ‘intimates’. 12 In this sense, the intimate is always personal and often involves persons . Only later did the term develop a wider

in Dating Beowulf
Fichte, Hölderlin and Novalis
Andrew Bowie

sense of an individuated self may in fact be the obstacle to union with the other. However, the end of Wagner’s music drama also implies that the ultimate union requires the death of the subject. Rousseau’s text asks a further vital question: Is aesthetic creation a way out of the dilemma of self-knowledge or really just another version of it, because it makes one take the imaginary for the real? The precarious balance between subject and object is, as we are about to see, crucial to the issue of aesthetics and subjectivity in the early modern period. A more sobering

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
Art as the ‘organ of philosophy’
Andrew Bowie

: the Gods ‘do not mean it, they are it’ (I/5 p. 401). A gap between concrete image and what it represents does not exist in such a culture. (The concern here is not, one should add, with the historical or philosophical validity of this view, but rather with its implications for conceptions of language in the early modern period in Germany.) According to the PA there is no need, with regard to this sort of myth, for philosophical reflection, because what we have come to see in terms of the idea and its objective embodiment are already united. The stories are ‘of ’ the

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Richard Suggett

–92. See generally, R. Wallis Evans, ‘Prophetic Poetry’, in Jarman and Hughes (eds), A Guide to Welsh Literature, Vol II. ch. 13, and the citations in n. 60 below. Cf. Art Cosgrove, ‘The emergence of the Pale, 1399–1447’, in A. Cosgrove (ed.), A New History of Ireland, vol. II. Medieval Ireland 1169–1534 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987), 555, for the order in 1435 to the ‘marshal’ of the faithful English minstrels to capture those Irish entertainers regarded as spies and guides; Brian Ó Cuív, ‘The Irish Language in the Early Modern Period’, in T.W. Moody, F.X. Martin and

in The spoken word
Michael Woolcock, Simon Szreter and Vijayendra Rao

-makers themselves have any simple solutions – history should also be investigated as one among many resources with which to think imaginatively about this challenge.43 History has many episodes of environmental degradation to investigate, some of them very carefully documented, such as the evil of ‘mining’ estates in the early modern period, deforestation throughout western Europe, and desertification (see McNeil 2000, Kula 2001, Burke and Pomeranz 2009). Perhaps more hopefully, it also furnishes examples of environmental degradation which was successfully reversed through

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Evans

with a growing interest in eugenics, the political project of improving the quality of the human ‘stock’ or population through the implementation of scientific principles using the logic of social Darwinism. 5 Although descriptions of ‘idiocy’ can be traced back to the early modern period, 6 it was the development of neurology in the early

in The metamorphosis of autism