Eşref Aksu

the importance of both the inviolability of Cambodia’s sovereignty and respect for human rights. China’s normative priority was clearly the former, with an emphasis on removing Vietnamese dominance in Cambodia’s internal affairs. Vietnam, on the other hand, continually stressed its concern that the previous Khmer Rouge regime, which had perpetrated gross human rights abuses, should not be allowed

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

Humanitarian intervention – that is, military intervention aimed at saving innocent people in other countries from massive violations of human rights (primarily the right to life) – entered public consciousness around 1990 as never before in the course of the twentieth century. It has earned a central place in scholarly research and in the preoccupations of decision-makers and international organizations and has captured the imagination of the wider public in a

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Matthew S. Weinert

.g. adequate regard for human rights; legitimate modes of governance institutions and processes; rule of law) and responsibility to others (e.g. fulfilment of international obligations, especially ones related to security and participation in the global economy). Finally, in the late twentieth century, recognition of new and successor states emerging out of disintegrating multi

in Recognition and Global Politics
Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

prove irreconcilable, as was demonstrated in the case of the former Yugoslavia. 5 At times, the principles of non-intervention and human rights may come into conflict. 6 The ongoing debate on the right to humanitarian intervention, for instance, revolves mainly around a perceived normative dilemma embedded in the Charter. As the Carnegie Commission puts it: ‘The

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Jürgen Habermas and the European left
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

cosmopolitanism. 6 The historian Tony Judt summarised the issue very well when he commented that ‘what is truly awful about the destruction of the Jews is not that it mattered so much but that it mattered so little’. 7 There were exceptions to this norm. 8 The enactment of ‘crimes against humanity’ and two further founding documents of the postwar epoch, the Genocide Convention and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, passed in1948 within 24 hours of

in Antisemitism and the left
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen and Karen E. Smith

Britain, Ireland and Denmark, did not take place on the basis of explicit membership criteria. It was not until the mid-1970s that membership conditions became a matter of concern, because of the unfolding events in Southern Europe. In April 1978, the European Council declared that respect for and maintenance of representative democracy and human rights in each Member State are essential elements of membership in the European

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

of ‘the serious political and human rights issues in Kosovo’. 8 In September, Resolution 1199 used stronger language. It spoke of the need to ‘avert the impending humanitarian catastrophe’ in the province. 9 In addition, as noted above, the UN Secretary-General had called upon member states to take action to prevent a ‘humanitarian disaster’ in Kosovo. Given the inclusion of such phrases, there is

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González and Desmond King

constitutional and God-given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse-and-buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter.’ Both the United Nations’ agenda-setting in human rights and the rapid decolonization of the European empires’ former colonial peoples created a context for advancing civil rights in the United States. British and French newspapers provided detailed coverage of African Americans’ civil rights struggles in the post-1945 decades. Correspondents both

in Democratization through the looking-glass
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

new conditionality could be implemented, further fundamental revisions to international donor aid policies were afoot. The changes that were introduced went under the broad heading of ‘political conditionality’. In contrast to, or, more accurately, in an extension of, the earlier ‘economic conditionality’ of structural adjustment, now donors directed attention to more overtly political conditions over the receipt of aid. These conditions cover the distinct but related areas of ‘good governance’, ‘human rights’ and ‘democracy’. Thus from 1989 to 1991 most major donor

in EU development cooperation
Legality and legitimacy
Dominic McGoldrick

also remain contested.4 What has not been contested is that the standards of legality and legitimacy by which international trials should be assessed have evolved. There has been a clear recognition of the need to comply with the human rights of defendants and to take greater account of the interests of victims. The second section of this chapter briefly records the history of national and international trials for ‘war crimes’ (used in a broad sense to include war 107 Dominic McGoldrick crimes in the strict sense, crimes against humanity, genocide), and considers

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000