Caroline Rusterholz

standardise the information collected, Dr Margaret Jackson designed, with the help of C. P. Blacker, a standard case-card for every women's welfare centre to use to record patients’ information. The cards contained space for details relating to ‘age, parents, siblings, occupation, education, religion and income of both spouses, date(s) of marriage, details about pregnancy, use of contraceptives, sexual habits and frequency of intercourse, medical history, general and pelvic examination, and records of subsequent visits and progress of the case

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Atkin

Cambridge during the 1880s and 1890s. Although Thoby Stephen did not live long into the twentieth century, it was his siblings, Adrian, Vanessa and Virginia, who, freed by the death of their strict father, formed the nucleus of what became the Bloomsbury Group. The ‘members’ of the group often had difficulty in naming the entire fellowship, with characters seeming to drift in and out at will. In later years, some even denied the existence of any such group at all. The ‘core’ individuals included the economist John Maynard Keynes; the art critic and essayist Clive Bell and

in A war of individuals
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

continuing with their education.22 Examples can also be found of parents, sons, daughters, siblings, aunts and other relations who were the sole support of disabled miners, and this serves to remind us of the variation in family and household composition in the past and the complexities of care giving and support for disabled miners.23 Slightly differently, it was common for families with sick or disabled members to employ a ‘girl’ from the neighbourhood to assist with everyday domestic tasks, whether the wife of the miner was present in the household or not.24

in Disability in industrial Britain
Father– daughter incest and the economics of exchange
Jenny DiPlacidi

‘an innate aversion to sexual intercourse between persons living very closely together from early youth’. 25 An intriguing aspect of the Westermarck effect is the notion that although brothers and sisters (and indeed, any non-related children) who are raised together will tend to be sexually averse to one another, if there is a separation at birth and siblings are not raised together they are likely to be highly

in Gothic incest
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Evans

‘enormously strong’, causing a ‘stress of urgent unsatisfiable need’ if food or love were found wanting. 116 After these passionate experiences of early infancy, the child only slowly developed into a social being via daily interactions with parents, siblings and playmates where internal needs, wants and desires were ‘projected’ onto those other people in an

in The metamorphosis of autism
Gender and contemporary fantasies of witchcraft
Alison Rowlands

witch-trial involving the Brosam family of Wettringen in 1561 villagers testified that Barbara Brosam had learned witchcraft from her parents-in-law, while in 1563 Appolonia Kellner and her children Appolonia, Anna and Georg of Finsterlohr were involved in a case in which popular opinion suggested that the siblings had gained their reputations as witches from their mother.132 The idea that knowledge of witchcraft was transferred along the maternal line is suggested in other Rothenburg cases: the mothers of Anna Maria Knöspel and Barbara Schmezer were reputed witches

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
Andrew Bowie

appear in German Quarterly); ‘The Elisabeth Legend or Sibling Scapegoating: The Cleansing of Friedrich Nietzsche and the Sullying of His Sister’, (to be published in Nietzsche: Godfather of Fascism?: On the Uses and Abuses of Philosophy (eds) Jacob Golomb and Robert S. Wistrich (Princeton: Princeton University Press)). This problem admittedly can apply to any text, but which is more central in relation to Nietzsche than many authors because of the history of his reception. Schopenhauer seems to have been most influenced by Schelling’s 1809 essay on human freedom, which

in Aesthetics and subjectivity