Philip Lynch

offered a post-imperial, Tory nationalist strategy that aimed to safeguard parliamentary sovereignty and national identity from the perceived threats posed by European integration, devolution and immigration. Later, the revival of British nationhood was a prominent theme within Thatcherism. The Thatcher governments made effective use of patriotic discourse, claiming to promote British interests and identity by defending the Union, limiting immigration and promoting a vision of a free market, intergovernmental EC, but also presided over a significant erosion of

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson, and Roiyah Saltus

migration, we need to consider how the normative and utilitarian argument for freedom of movement has functioned until relatively recently. In a lecture series given at the Collège de France in 1977–78, the French philosopher Michel Foucault identified two parallel forms of political power that together constitute the modern state (Foucault, 2007 ). Firstly, there is the ‘perspective’ that Foucault defines as ‘sovereignty

in Go home?
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s
Stef Wittendorp

fixtures. As Alison Mountz argues, ‘borders are always in a state of becoming, their conceptualization remains provisional in nature’ (Johnson et al. 2011 : 65). Accounts of bordering also moved away from the idea of borders as strictly territorial markers of state sovereignty. Borders are considered legal, social, political, and cultural markers that emerge across and inside territories (Parker and

in Security/ Mobility
Eşref Aksu

’s territorial integrity and political independence, the paragraph unambiguously conveyed the UN’s primary normative objective, namely protection of the Congo’s (external) sovereignty. From the perspective of the Second and Third Worlds, the key question was that of independence. The only relevant ‘enemies’ of territorial integrity were foreign powers with (neo)colonial ambitions. SC Resolution 145 remained the

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Eşref Aksu

international peacekeepers implied an infringement of Cambodia’s sovereignty. The most that Phnom Penh was prepared to accept was a 600-strong mission, with its role limited to observation of the ‘external’ aspect of the conflict, that is, the Vietnamese withdrawal. On 5 April 1989, a joint declaration by Phnom Penh, Vietnam and Laos called for supervision by the International Control and Supervision

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

authoritative origin for the state. The contract is with the state, and the human rights of the individual are recognised and upheld by the duties of the state. Rights are conceived as precisely that means by which the sovereignty of the individual citizen within the state is in principle defined. But the sovereignty of the citizen rests upon the prior sovereignty of the state and its capacity to assert that sovereignty in the world. Within this language of rights the individual and the state are mutually constitutive fundamentals locked, at this level of abstraction at any

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
Reflections in a distorting mirror
Christoph Zürcher

of state sovereignty. One night of NATO bombing has achieved what ten years of nation building had not: a remarkable consensus between the public and the classe politique has emerged. Leaders and public have become close as never before, united in the vociferous condemnation of NATO’s operation. They agree that NATO (for the Russians, basically an instrument of US hegemonic ambitions) has finally

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Eşref Aksu

sovereignty, human rights and socio-economic development. Authority, on the other hand, was conceptualised in a four-dimensional way, to encompass the depth and breadth of peacekeeping functions, the requirement of consent, the UN’s normative competence to make judgements, and the implementation of decisions. Within this conceptual framework, we developed an analysis of the collective expectations of the

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Simon Mabon

power and contestation. It considers the way in which urban environments simultaneously shape  –​and are shaped by  –​ political projects across the twentieth and twenty-​first centuries. Understanding the concept of sovereignty entails exploration of relations between peoples and their leaders within space. A range of factors shape the essence of these interactions, from identity and ideology to the nature of the political system. The environment within which interactions occur can also shape relations between rulers and ruled. As Henri Lefebvre argues, space is ‘a

in Houses built on sand
Open Access (free)
Legitimization and limits of Mughal military violence in early modern South Asia
Pratyay Nath

against actual combatants were legitimized? What sorts of limits to military violence did Mughal imperial ideology prescribe and Mughal armies observe? In order to answer these questions, one must begin by understanding how Mughal imperial culture conceptualized sovereignty, kingly rule, and war. 162 Part II: Restraint and excess In this chapter, I first explore the meanings of Mughal sovereignty and its origins in a particular strand of Persian political philosophy. Drawing on scholars like Muzaffar Alam, I argue that from Akbar onward, Mughal political philosophy

in A global history of early modern violence