Sarah Orne Jewett, The Tory Lover, and Walter Scott, Waverley
Alison Easton

7 Nation making and fiction making: Sarah Orne Jewett, The Tory Lover, and Walter Scott, Waverley Alison Easton ‘Writing something entirely different’ Beside Sarah Orne Jewett’s desk where she would have seen it every time she looked up was a small copy of the well-known Raeburn portrait of Sir Walter Scott. No critic has commented on this, yet Scott was important to her. As she remarks in a 1905 letter to her dearest friend and companion, Annie Fields,‘How one admires that great man more and more’.1 So, what was New England’s most notable, late

in Special relationships
Open Access (free)
Henry David Thoreau
David Herd

recasts the activity in hand, shifting it from ‘writing’ to something more akin to speaking. Writing can brag – Thoreau is about to prove it can – but at very least there is a tone of voice implicit in bragging. Thoreau won’t actually speak to us in the book, of course, but his book will have voice, or tones of voice; we will be addressed directly. ‘To brag’ also introduces an element of risk, with Thoreau’s choice of word confronting a problem implicit in his work. If he is to wake his neighbors up, if he is to be heard at all, he has no choice but to raise his voice

in Enthusiast!
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
Edmund Howes’s Annales
Ben Dew

across the world, that he was able to develop a highly innovative account of English commercial history. In dealing with Howes’s writing, I begin by looking briefly at his life and approach to historical writing. I then explore his interrelated accounts of immigration, manufacture and trading companies, before outlining his analysis of the role that James had played in augmenting national prosperity. Howes commenced his historical research in around 1602, when he gained employment as an assistant to the chronicler John Stow.2 On Stow’s death in 1605, Howes took on the

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
Richard Suggett and Eryn White

upon a written tradition reaching back into the Middle Ages. It is our contention that the survival and development of the written language, culminating in the print culture of the nineteenth century, became an essential condition for the reproduction of the modern spoken language. 52 Language, literacy and aspects of identity in early modern Wales This chapter examines some aspects of the interrelations between writing and speaking in Wales in the period covered by this book, broadly between about 1500 and 1800. It is hoped that a broad-brush treatment of oral and

in The spoken word
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

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The Republic and Northern Ireland since 1990
Michael Parker

9780719075636_4_001.qxd 16/2/09 9:23 AM Page 3 1 Changing history: the Republic and Northern Ireland since 1990 Michael Parker Someone asks me for directions, and I think again. I turn into A side street to try to throw off my shadow, and history is changed. (Ciaran Carson, ‘Turn Again’, Belfast Confetti, Gallery, 1989) Given the variety and energy of Irish creative and critical writing and its contribution to re-thinking relationships, histories and futures within and beyond Ireland, the first decade of the twenty-first century seems an opportune moment

in Irish literature since 1990
William Guthrie’s General History
Ben Dew

E C O N O M I C S T A T E C R A F T A N D E C O N O M I C P R O G R E S S 155 8 Economic statecraft and economic progress: William Guthrie’s General History The middle years of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of a new, enlightened approach to history. Underpinning this mode of writing was the assumption that the level of progress achieved in modern-day Europe distinguished it from any previous historical period.1 To an extent, the novel qualities of the present were conceived of in political terms. With regard to England in particular, there was

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
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Crossing the margins
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

combined with rapid economic growth in the Republic to redraw social and political patterns. Irish and Scottish writing, moreover, gained unexpected ‘mainstream’ and metropolitan recognition, while Welsh popular music suddenly (finally!) attained the subcultural kudos traditionally attendant upon other minority communities. It is only through detailed analysis of cultural products and traditions that the intricacies of these changes can be understood: it is our intention, therefore, that the book operates on both a specific and a general level, not only in the movement

in Across the margins
David Deutsch

shifts in social context regarding viewpoints and current views. In addition, the scant traditional, pre-​Holocaust rulings concerning exhumations will be presented for juxtaposition with post-​war responsas. The second part of the chapter pursues the analytic outlook, highlighting the ‘forced’ innovativeness of rabbinic verdicts. Due to the lack of a valid literary lineage addressing these issues, there was a great deal of legislative flexibility –​hence, prompting a wide diversity in rulings. Rabbinical responsa writing during and after the Holocaust received scant

in Human remains in society