Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus
anti-racist and socialist perspective. Others recognised the value of
revisiting histories of racism and colonialism to revive historical
solidarities, particularly within local areas where anti-racist mobilisations
have been linked to a defence of immigration and public welfare services (see
also Chapter 4 ).
Participants in many of our focus groups made connections
between the treatment of asylum seekers and the legacy of
upon an exorcism of colonialism. Nevertheless, Fanon treats these
‘traditions’ instrumentally. Keen to escape the dialectical traps
laid down by the lord/massa, Fanon cannot consider the drum beats as
aspects of living knowledge traditions. Indeed, we should not forget
that for Fanon drums are the ultimate fetish that white people have
used to entrap him in an unhuman blackness, a zone of non
this internal colonialism
and the rapid social and economic disruption that accompanied it continue to be felt (for scholarly works on these dynamics, see Alfred, 1995;
Mitchell, 1996; Shkilnyk, 1985; Irlbacher-Fox, 2009; Vitebsky, 2005).
A passage from Hugh Brody’s book The Other Side of Eden gives one
vivid illustration of the colonial legacy. Brody was collecting interviews
for a film in northern British Colombia, amongst the Nisga’a people. He
decided to interview an artist assisting with the film, George Gosnell,
about his experience in the residential school
Human Consequences (Cambridge:
Polity, 1998), p. 1.
McMillan, p. 22.
Tom Kilroy, ‘A Generation of Playwrights’, in Eamonn Jordan (ed.),
Theatre Stuff: Critical Essays on Contemporary Irish Theatre (Dublin:
Carysfort, 2000), pp. 1–7. 3. Article first published in Irish University
Murray, p. 162.
Kilroy, p. 6.
Marianne McDonald, ‘Classics as Celtic Firebrand: Greek Tragedy, Irish
Playwrights, and Colonialism’, in Jordan (ed.), Theatre Stuff, p. 16.
Harvey O’Brien, review of A Cry From Heaven in Irish Theatre Magazine
5: 24 (2005), p. 51.
O’Brien, p. 52.
evidence of the importance of its
adaptability. Literature on colonialism that generalizes about the
colonizing process often implies a rupture in political rule or an event
of cultural resistance as the defining moment in the identity of a
nation. As the country’s hegemonic identity has been controlled by
Canada’s Anglo-Celtic immigrants from the imperial centre,
attempting to impose a white settler
Cannadine, ‘The Context, Performance and
Meaning of Ritual’, 120–1.
Cannadine, Ornamentalism , 4.
Bernard Cohn, Colonialism and Its Forms of
Knowledge (Princeton, 1996); Nicholas Dirks, Castes of
Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern
occurred at the same time that settler colonialism and Atlantic slavery began, and European trading companies (not only the best known, like the British and Dutch East India Companies, but also those as short-lived as Courland's (Dzenovska 2013 )) were expanding colonial power, a comparative history of empire might ask how far Habsburg or Ottoman imperialisms were informed by the notions fuelling Spanish, Portuguese, British, French, Dutch, Danish or Swedish colonial power overseas. Such questions, essential for decolonial longue-durée perspectives on south-east Europe
that from the 1940s to the 1970s transformations within
ethnography were influenced by processes of counter-colonialism,
decolonization, and other struggles against imperialism and racism. This
context shaped emergent critiques of reigning paradigms within the
Here was an interchange between the autonomy and logic governing
continuities and changes within disciplinary traditions
mythologies of Indian culture. As Parama Roy puts it:
There is an ongoing and strenuous endeavour in
the discourse of thuggee to interpellate the thug as an
essence, a move which attests to the anxiety of rupture that
subtends the totalizing epistemologies of colonialism. Yet the
thug as discursive object is strikingly resistant to such
Migrants were economic agents, whether as labourers, consumers or traders.
Bearing and exchanging goods, however conceived, involved exchanging values, especially when exchanges have been in inter-cultural contexts. The impact
of early modern trade can be no less evident than in the example of inter-
continental dispersion and circulation of species of flora and fauna stimulated by
colonialism. But, then again the length and strength of the chains of connection
that finance lubricated –even before the rise of Italian banking –is surprising