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reinforcing images in the sporting press, cinema, radio and other media it aided the invention and maintenance of a particular image of Britain, an image which showed respect and deference for the monarchy and upper classes. Recent revisionist analysis of the effects of the First World War has shown how elites and their institutions stayed firmly in place afterwards, and in the 1920s and 1930s had the support of the great majority of the middle class.2 In part a study of racing supports such an analysis. Racing both symbolised and reflected the undemocratic nature of

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
Defending Cold War Canada

the aid recently given to Britain in the Second World War, but it had a logic necessary for the continuation of colonial attachments that set Britain apart as the example to be emulated. The IODE’s version of conservatism was backward looking, retaining many of the features of nineteenth-century conservatism, and not displaying the pragmatic components of postwar Canadian conservatism more generally

in Female imperialism and national identity
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-wall’,33 she commented, and her book was clearly compiled from material written in 5 Introduction snatched moments. Nurses – as part of a larger group of middle-class women – appear to have written wherever and whenever they could. Fussell commented that the war coincided with a period in which an education focusing on a canon of ‘classical’ literature was being extended across social class boundaries.34 It was also – more slowly – crossing gender ones. British Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse Vera Brittain, more than any other ‘nurse writer’, epitomises the way in which

in Nurse Writers of the Great War

the factors that influence the choice of appropriate qualitative research method 3. Understand how to carry out research utilising qualitative research methods 95 BEE (RESEARCH) PRINT.indd 95 11/05/2018 16:15 Introduction What is qualitative research and why and when should we use it? Qualitative research provides an understanding of a topic in its contextual setting giving explanations and accounts of why people do the things they do. It can also help evaluate the effectiveness of interventions and aid the development of theories and strategies. Qualitative

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
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8 The British ‘VAD’ Introduction: becoming a VAD The allied nursing workforce of the First World War was a complex, heterogeneous group of the trained, the semi-trained, and the almost completely untrained. In Britain, instruction for volunteer nurses (the so-called ‘VADs’) was administered by Voluntary Aid Detachments, acting under the auspices of the British Society of the Red Cross and the St John Ambulance Association, a branch of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. Most British VADs took courses, passed examinations, and obtained certificates in four

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
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investigations with the aid of local police, gathering considerable witness testimony attesting that these individuals had behaved badly during the war.25 Veterans, local policemen and witnesses accused M.  Delphien of overseeing requisitions of workers for the Germans and threatening those who refused to work, providing the occupiers with a list of men of mobilisation age, permitting workers to make sandbags, refusing to provide food to hidden Allied soldiers, showing weakness in the face of the enemy, offering cigarettes to German soldiers and wanting ‘to offer a bouquet of

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18
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committees that writes the legislation which is the basis for debate, and consequently have a major input into the form of the final law. 70 The United States Congress Committee selection If a member wishes to influence federal policy to aid them in pursuit of their goals (discussed in chapter 2), they will be at a disadvantage if they do not have a seat on the committee which deals with the issue of most importance to them. The process of committee selection is in the hands of each party, in particular the party leadership. At the start of each Congress, the first job

in The United States Congress
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Criminality during the occupation

struggled to cope with the scale of criminality. This was because it had too few men, and because the occupation provided a particular breeding ground for crime. The Commissaire explained that the German civil police force was set apart from its French counterpart by its main aim of searching for those who harboured Allied soldiers and helped them to escape. It also aided the creation of German espionage networks by paying ravitailleurs for denunciations. Such ‘unscrupulous people’ were occasionally even employed as fully paid German policemen.10 The dichotomy between the

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18

. Egypt was also the most populous Arab state, having 30 per cent of the Arab population. It had, as well, the largest GNP which gave it a limited ability to provide economic aid and supported the largest army through defence expenditures double those of any other Arab state (Noble 1991: 61–5, 74–5; Walt 1987: 53). But Egypt normally could not use its army to project power, being cut off from the Arab East by Israel and constrained by international norms. What gave Egypt hegemony was Nasser’s asymmetrical ability to project trans-state ideological influence, that is, to

in The international politics of the Middle East

were aided by shopkeepers, one of whom took penny bets.48 A. P. Herbert alleged that this made them ‘grow up masters of subterfuge and devoted gamblers’.49 Some bookmakers clearly employed children as ‘runners’ and other such spies, although the term ‘children’ was ill-defined, and probably meant different ages to different observers. Betting was common amongst older working teenagers, whose lack of responsibilities and spare money provided a betting invitation. How much did people bet and how many were betting? Evidence to the 1932–3 Royal Commission suggested that

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39