Open Access (free)
witchcraft continued
Willem de Blécourt and Owen Davies

), which also concerns more a process of ascription than the observation of a practice. More often than not what is presented as a certainty is guided by selection within the framework of the ascription. ‘Superstition’ more than ‘witchcraft’, however, can be used as an overall category and it is questionable whether its various constituents have any relation to each other in any way different than this. That is to say, witchcraft

in Witchcraft Continued
Open Access (free)
An epilogue
Saurabh Dube

seize upon and sift through textual traces, oral liturgies, experiential entanglements, and graphic imaginaries. On offer is a visual hermeneutics that renders details with a twist. Here, haunting images resonate with oracular expression, prior certainties echo limiting doubts, and the force of the past sounds out the fleeting, the fragmentary, and the transitory. All this is shored up by a vulnerable

in Subjects of modernity
Fern Elsdon-Baker

-Baker, 2009, 2015; Hill, 2014a). This in turn means that by using reductionist categories and making inflated assumptions about their salience to individuals, we are in effect creating creationists in the way we collect data (Elsdon-Baker, 2015). As Jonathan Hill observes with regard to his 2013 National Study of Religion and Human Origins, a nationally representative survey of 3,034 US adults:1 When we carefully define the various possible positions, and measure the certainty with which they are held, both anti-evolution creationists and atheistic evolutionists turn out to

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Jeremy Gould

anthropology ‘has abandoned its claim to truth and is given over to an insidious relativism’ (see Shils 1992: 183), the anthropologist would ask: Where does the liberal certainty in its universal truth reside? And to the accusation that such relativism ‘undermines democratic values and gives the young little reason to believe that [anthropology] can contribute anything to the betterment of society’ (Shils 1992: 183), an anthropologist might respond that it is precisely through self-reflection based on the contemplation of alternative versions of ‘betterment’ that society can

in Democratization through the looking-glass
The case of Maghrebi Muslims in France
Florence Bergeaud-Blackler

not be suspicious and should refrain from inquiring about the composition of the food served. In these more-or-less subtle debates, there seems to be but a single certainty: pork is haram. The plurality of such social definitions of halal products explains why there are several halal certifications and why all attempts to reduce them to one have thus far failed. Currently, in France, fresh meat is sold mainly according to ‘domestic convention’, while processed foods and poultry are sold according ‘industrial convention’, though this situation may well change in the

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Rethinking anarchist strategies
James Bowen

, what did they want? It is still too early to answer these questions with any degree of academic certainty, but, in simple terms, the antiwar movement sought a number of things. Firstly, it sought freedom from: warmongering and dehumanisation; US economic and political arrogance and imperialism; fear of broadening conflict; Islamaphobia and racism; the cheapening of human life, especially when it’s impersonalised and a long way away from here; the fear of terrorist repercussions (real or imagined). Secondly, although somewhat less coherently, it also sought the

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Religion and spirituality in environmental direct action
Bronislaw Szerszynski and Emma Tomalin

see the rise of environmental critique as a manifestation of what he terms a second Reformation, as individuals are increasingly ‘set free from the certainties and modes of living of the industrial epoch – just as they were “freed” from the arms of the Church into society in the age of the Reformation’ (Beck, 1992: 14). According to this interpretation, unthinking trust of and deference towards authority is increasingly undermined by individualisation and secularisation, so that scientific claims and political decisions are not simply accepted due to their

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Tuur Driesser

objects 233 ‘­tension between continued growth and becoming in the open neoliberal field of the capitalist system, and the sovereign closure of the foregone event’ (Massumi, 2005: 7). Most importantly with regard to time, the decision becomes based not on the ‘indefinite future of the what-may-come’, but instead on the certainty of the ‘“will have” of the always-will-have-been-already’ (Massumi, 2005: 6). Here a picture emerges not of possible futures emergent in the present – an open future, life as contingency – but rather of a predetermined course of action

in Time for mapping
Christine E. Hallett

conversation between memoirist Florence Farmborough and interviewer Margaret Brooks. In the first reel, Farmborough, in the high, cultured voice of a gentlewoman, tells of her childhood. Her narration is slow and deliberate, filled with certainty and self-belief, never faltering, offering what sounds almost like a recitation. She is conscious of the importance of her story, and therefore of her life. Her interview is not just a record; it is a piece of self-composure.17 Florence Farmborough retold the story of her life and nursing work several times, through memoirs and

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Clotilde Escalle’s tales of transgression
Michael Worton

subjectivity that is perhaps questionable. Above all, it assumes that there can be – even temporarily – a sense of certainty in selfness that allows us to know what seems beautiful or ugly to us. On the one hand, Cixous’s arguments might lead us to see in Escalle’s work a manifestation of a (feminine) writing that gives equal place and weight to the pure and the putrid, to the marvellous and the maimed. On the other hand, in the actual promotion of a writing that articulates and embodies a passage ‘toward the other’, Cixous’s definitions of feminine writing problematically

in Women’s writing in contemporary France