Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s

academic lawyer Ian Kennedy. Since the late 1960s, Kennedy has written on medical definitions of death and mental illness, euthanasia, the doctor–patient relationship and the rights of AIDS patients. In line with the ‘hands-off’ approach of lawyers, Kennedy’s early work stressed that decisions should rest solely with the medical profession; but this stance changed after he encountered bioethics during a spell in the United States. In 1980 Kennedy used the prestigious BBC Reith Lectures to endorse the approach that he explicitly labelled ‘bioethics’, critiquing

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control

Tens of thousands of migrants and refugees stranded in camps in Greece and in Calais, shipwrecks and deaths in the Mediterranean, fences and walls across the Balkans, hotspots along the European Union (EU) southern borders, increasing controls within the Schengen space, military-humanitarian naval operations, the EU–Turkey migrant deal, NGOs and activists denouncing the

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Open Access (free)
Walt Whitman and the Bolton Whitman Fellowship

between 1855, the date of the first appearance of Leaves of Grass, and 1871, the date of the fifth edition. Despite his ceaseless efforts to promote his book (which went, in the end, to seven editions), Whitman’s poetry took a very long time to find a substantial readership; a milieu for the appropriate reception of his poetry had, in a sense, to be constituted. That constituency did not form until the 1920s, long after his death. Yet Whitman’s last droplets of spontaneous rain did germinate something: something wholly unexpected but, once he became aware of it, treasured

in Special relationships
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?

in situations of mass violence has helped open new avenues of research, demonstrating, in particular, the procedural dimension of extreme violence and illuminating how the ideology of agents of death is once again translated into the very treatment of bodies. The second phase of the programme, the preliminary findings of which are presented in this volume’s contributions,4 interrogates the treatment of corpses and human remains after the disaster, focusing specifically on their possible discovery and identification. The study of these two separate enterprises – the

in Human remains and identification

of Joyeux, who gave us a great deal of trouble, desired me to write to his father that he had died the death of a hero and, when I pointed out “Nous ne sommes pas encore à ce point-là” was quite hurt. Him, I did manage to see again, being very noisy in another ward.’8 Another patient, who ‘was proud of his command of the English language, kept crying pathetically for hours:  “Seestair, seestair, elevate me – I cannot respire.” ’ Tayler explained to him that the nature of his wound meant that he must lie flat, but it took some time to convince him of this.9 Overwork

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia

sook ching (purge through cleansing) massacres  – has become symbolic of Japanese brutality. The death toll from these massacres remains contested; estimates range from 5,000 to 50,000.2 As a result, multiple mass graves scar the territory’s landscape. While these serve as physical testament to this dark period in the country’s history, many of these sites remain relatively unknown and scarcely remembered.3 Often, documented cases of exhumations – be it Bergen-Belsen in Germany, Vinnytsia in Ukraine, or Priaranza in Spain, to name but a few sites where mass graves

in Human remains and identification

brought about by the war with the destruction of man wrought by the same conflict. ‘Now the desolation of Nature alone suggests what a desolation there was of man’, he wrote in 1920, ‘The terrible woods are impressionist pictures of the ruined vitals of great regiments, and you can hold a forest in your mind as you would a skull in your hands and say, “This was a forest. This was an army”.’4 This view of the destruction of the natural world being intrinsically linked to the deaths of countless soldiers was duplicated by Lieutenant R.H. Pickering of the Royal Field

in A war of individuals
The sense of an ending in Jeanette Winterson’s The Stone Gods

citizen of Orbus – responds that ‘[w]omen are just planets that attract the wrong species’ (69). Certainly, the unloved Orbus presents as the victim of an abusive relationship. Asks Billie, sarcastically, ‘We didn’t do anything, did we? Just fucked it to death and kicked it when it wouldn’t get up’ (8). Even as it is on the receiving end of exploitation, it is also the setting for it, particularly of a shallow kind of masculinist exploitation – what one critic has described as a ‘mutated form’ of ‘patriarchal gender dichotomies’ (McCulloch 2012: 65). On Orbus, men no

in Literature and sustainability
Open Access (free)
Intimate relations

's faith turns out to be very shakable indeed. After falling asleep on the ship, Andrew awakens on the Mermedonian shore and understands his mistake. Christ appears to him again and explains that Andrew will suffer torture but not death, exhorting him to be brave in the face of suffering. Andrew releases Matthew from the prison, but once the devil incites the Mermedonians to torture him, he forgets Christ's pep talk. Instead he whines and wishes for death. At this point, even the narrator seems to need a break from the proceedings. In an authorial interruption, he

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Beyond the burden of the real

through the carefully wrought juxtaposition of visual symbols. Over the course of a lengthy film-making career that began in 1951 and which continued until shortly before his death in 2014 (thereby rivalling even that of Rouch in duration, if not in productivity), Gardner shot, directed and edited five major feature-length documentaries on ethnographic topics. The first of these was Dead Birds (shot in 1961, released in 1964), which concerned traditional warfare in highland Papua New Guinea. There

in Beyond observation