Open Access (free)
Sue Thomas

anathema to him personally. 63 Ethnocentrism as a practice of pervasive racism is not targetted by Naipaul in the same vein. In his essay ‘What’s wrong with being a snob?’ (1967) Naipaul links the degrading proletarianisation of England – emblematically the ‘miniman in his mini-car’ – with a crisis of liberalism. 64 Naipaul attacks under the umbrella of proletarianisation the discourse of classlessness

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Precedents to sustainability in nineteenth-century literature and culture
John Parham

, remained in the cultural background until the late twentieth century, Grober suggests that the practical connotations raised by the Romantic conception of a living, powerful nature were buried under a competing, increasingly dominant free-market liberalism. For example, the briefly Sustenance from the past 37 fashionable doctrine of cameralism had advocated State-administered strategies for achieving sustainable self-sufficiency in the supply of food and raw materials via measures like environmental improvement, reclamation or the indigenous cultivation of

in Literature and sustainability
Jonathan Wolff

noted, is at the level of fundamental values. If, as is sometimes said, liberal society does not attempt to advance fundamental values then, ultimately, the idea of new life styles presenting challenges does no work: there is nothing to challenge. The equally obvious answer is that it simply isn’t true that liberal society promotes no values in particular. This becomes particularly clear when we look at the theorists of liberalism. Early on in the Second Treatise, Locke makes the claim that human beings are naturally free, equal and independent. Other triads of rights

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Greta Fowler Snyder

10 Recognition in the Struggle against Global Injustice Greta Fowler Snyder Introduction State-specific solutions are necessarily inadequate to the task of effectively addressing the many global issues that humans face today – environmental damage, the ravages of neo-liberalism, violence against

in Recognition and Global Politics
A managerial perspective
Peter McCullen and Colin Harris

generative welfare state In Beyond Left and Right Giddens identifies an inversion of Left–Right politics and an exhaustion of post-war political traditions in which the Conservatives have appropriated the radical agenda through their adoption of neo-liberalism. Social democrats in the Labour Party, on the other hand, have retreated into a backward

in The Third Way and beyond
David Morrison

groups. In contrast, Giddens argues that exclusion takes place both at the bottom and the top of society. The top of society is prone to voluntary exclusion, described by Giddens as ‘the revolt of the elites’. 18 Giddens argues for both a revival of civic liberalism and sustained levels of welfare spending that benefit most of the population, in order to limit the exclusion of

in The Third Way and beyond
Eunice Goes

, communitarianism draws from an academic debate fostered by thinkers who challenged Rawlsian liberal philosophy. Authors such as Charles Taylor, Michael Walzer, Alasdair MacIntyre and Michael Sandel, among many others, criticised the alleged individualistic and atomistic premisses of procedural liberalism developed by Rawls and some of his followers, and argued instead that individuals were

in The Third Way and beyond
Bill Jordan

the bundle of collective goods they offered and the tax rate this required. This challenge has provoked what might be called a post-libertarian liberalism, and a post-libertarian communitarianism, both of which attempt to supply political principles under which redistributive welfare provision for citizens can be justified. Yet as the work of Van Parijs and Etzioni respectively show, these analyses may not in practice be as irreconcilable

in Political concepts
Heloise Brown

’s ideas in his 1874 volume Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.7 Stephen was a barrister who supplemented his income with journalism, and eventually went on to become a High Court judge. His career and his background at Cambridge located him as much closer to the establishment than Mill, who had been educated by his father, James Mill. Stephen had been an early contributor to the Saturday Review, and by the 1870s epitomised a conservative liberalism that was very different in its aims and expression from Mill’s progressive approach.8 Yet the similarities between both writers

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism
Heloise Brown

foundation, alongside these religious motives against war were the secular influences of liberalism and humanitarianism, which stemmed from the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century. Such arguments held that conflicts between states should be resolved without resorting to war, and that reason could replace violence. Although the original idea for such a society came from a nonQuaker dissenting minister, Dr David Bogue, the men who actually founded the Peace Society were Quakers: William Allen and Joseph Tregelles Price. However, a number of non-Quakers rallied to support

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’