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Jürgen Habermas and the European left

substituted the category of ‘peoples’ for that of ‘states’. His intention was that of emphasising equality under international law rather than absolute sovereignty, but it obscured the distinction between state and civil society and invited slippage from condemning a state for its human rights abuses to condemning a people on account of the human rights abuses committed by the state to which they belong. The erasure of this distinction between

in Antisemitism and the left
The crisis of British social democratic political economy

3 From The Future of Socialism (1956) to a future without socialism? The crisis of British social democratic political economy Noel Thompson The national shift to the left, with all its implications for the balance of power, may be accepted as permanent . . . Any Government which tampered seriously with the basic structure of the full-employment Welfare State would meet with a sharp reverse at the polls . . . It is this which explains the otherwise curious phenomenon that the Conservatives now fight elections largely on policies which twenty years ago were

in In search of social democracy

the relationship between sociopolitical and biophysical systems. This pattern seems to confirm Ernst Haas’ hunch that ‘ethical choices have evolutionary consequences’ (Haas 1975 : 843). Yet, while ‘the state of nature’ is no longer just a fictional narrative but ‘the most pressing of practical issues’ (Booth 2007 : 327), the IR mainstream appears to offer little, if any, attention to the agency of nature

in Recognition and Global Politics

seminars and courses, and gave practical advice on how to proceed to different target groups as well as to the general public. The Swedish report to the UN follow-up conference on Agenda 21 in 1997 stated that ‘all’ Swedish municipalities had started work on Local Agenda 21 (SOU 1997:105). By spring 1998, 56 per cent of Swedish local governments had adopted an LA 21 action plan. The political centrality is revealed by the fact that (a) over three quarters of the municipalities set aside a special LA 21 budget, and (b) over 90 per cent of the plans were adopted by the

in Sweden and ecological governance

that the vulgar were incapable of rational conduct because they had been led astray by the corrupting influence of the Church. Since priestcraft made people ignorant, the attack upon it became a key part of a practical political agenda. A consequence of this was that Parliament and nobility, as bearers of reason and virtue, were the best agencies of republican reform. Late seventeenth-century republicans shared the view with their earlier sources that loss of liberty reduced both the individual and the state to the condition of slavery. Importantly for Toland, and

in Republican learning
Open Access (free)

international society, where the members of the community are not individuals but nations and sovereign states. We have discussed the issues surrounding national self-determination and state sovereignty elsewhere, but it is worth mentioning them again here. National self-determination refers to the principle that all nations have an equal right to be independent and self-governing – free, that is, of being ruled by people from another

in Understanding political ideas and movements
The afterlives of human remains at the Bełzec extermination camp

from the site of the former extermination camp, Krystyna Oleksy, a representative of the State Museum Auschwitz-​Birkenau, framed it as ‘bordering on theft’ and a desecration of the grave.5 The first director of the newly established museum-​memorial site at Bełzec, Robert Kuwałek, also pointed out the almost unlawful character of the deed: ‘It is strictly forbidden to take “souvenirs” whilst visiting our premises’;6 ‘I have no knowledge of another instance of laying hold of such a peculiar souvenir by one of the guests’.7 Thus, he both intimated and explicitly

in Human remains in society
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The discovery, commemoration and reinterment of eleven Alsatian victims of Nazi terror, 1947– 52

   Human remains in society were young Alsace-​Lorrainers who had died as forced recruits in the Wehrmacht and SS.4 Alsace was a key geographic centrepiece in the Franco-​German rivalry that spanned the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries. In 1871, 1914 and 1940–​44 France and Germany turned the province into a battlefield in a literal military sense during times of war and an ideological battleground of competing national narratives during times of peace. The results of the three different conflicts saw Alsace change sovereignty four times between

in Human remains in society
Learning from the case of Kosovo

(ICG,1999c; interview with international staff, 2006). The bombardment ended on 10 June after a negotiated withdrawal of Serbian forces from the territory. UN Security Council Resolution 1244 left a United Nations administration (the United Nations Mission in Kosovo – UNMIK) in control of Kosovo pending the resolution of final status. Over 42,000 NATO troops formed a peacekeeping force (KFOR). Serbia, de jure, retained its sovereignty over the territory and thus, technically, Kosovo remained part of the Serbian state. The growth of Kosovo’s war economy Beginning with

in Building a peace economy?
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Looking beyond the state

There is no fresh news in stating that the history of colonial medicine has changed considerably in the last seventy-five years. As academic interests have expanded, attention has moved away from triumphalist accounts of the conquest of disease in former European colonies to a more critical, less ethno-centric and more socially inclusive examination of the complex relationships between

in Beyond the state