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Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
Keith Breckenridge

counted on the fingers of one hand. This is eloquent testimony to the practical efficiency of a mining law that limits the four sides of a mining claim by vertical planes. (Rickard 1922: 264) In this respect (and many others) the old Transvaal provided a laissez faire greenhouse that fostered the new mining corporations. Ironically, the managers who demanded that the Boer state change to a more thoroughly rationalized economy would later look back to the 1890s with nostalgic regret. A key feature of this era of corporate dominance of gold mining, which clearly

in History, historians and development policy
Russia as ‘a Europe apart’
Andrew Monaghan

. Russian officials have stated, for instance, that Moscow wants to see the proclaimed principles of indivisibility of security translated into practice, and expects that the principle will be confirmed by all, not only in words, but in achieving a practical embodiment of how business is done. But this divergence goes further, not just representing the gaps in priorities between Russia and the West, and has

in The new politics of Russia
Open Access (free)
Language games in the Kosovo war
Mika Aaltola

means of describing reality, that the link between language and reality is deeper, more creative and at times even forceful. 4 The metaphorical thinking of Bruno suggests that the essential features of a thing or event could be changed, maintained or even created. For example, the powerful use of words could give a ruler characteristics associated with God, thereby reinforcing the state’s power. One of

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Open Access (free)
Smooth adaptation to European values and institutions
Teija Tiilikainen

provisions which pertain to legislation or which according to the Constitution otherwise require the consent of the Parliament’. In connection with the EEA membership, a specific Section (33a) was added to the main Section in order to balance the powers of the President and the Council of State in EEA matters, and to prevent the powers that by definition belonged to the sphere of domestic policy from being transferred to the president.2 The ‘Council of State’ is the term used in Finland when the legal–institutional framework of the government is referred to. In certain

in Fifteen into one?
Grassroots exceptionalism in humanitarian memoir
Emily Bauman

outside the systems of state sovereignty and global capital. Unlike other forms of humanitarian narrative, which are focused on humanitarian crises and projects or on the work of a particular organisation, humanitarian life-writing tells a story of individual education and empowerment. As a result the genre’s emphasis is not the typical one of compassion and pathos, though images of human

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Iseult Honohan

for birthright citizenship. Forward-looking interdependence in subjection to authority can ground provisional ius soli membership for those born in the state, depending on continuing residence, and conditional ius sanguinis membership for those born to citizens abroad, retained only if residence in the state is subsequently established (cf. Honohan 2015 ). There are many practical reasons for granting citizenship at birth rather than

in Democratic inclusion
Open Access (free)
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

lead to unfettered independence. Criticism and counter-criticism Supporters of the nineteenth-century precedent point to many commonalities with today’s landscape. As Gary Bass has argued: 3 All of the major themes of today’s heated debates about humanitarian intervention – about undermining sovereignty … about altruistic or veiled imperialistic motivations

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Negotiating sovereign claims in Oaxacan post-mortem repatriation
Lars Ove Trans

vice-director came, he asked, ‘Who talked to the director?’ Norma responded that her sister-in-law had talked to him, to which he replied, ‘Why didn’t you say that from the beginning? If you wait a moment we will arrange everything, don’t worry.’ Thus, the strategic use of a white lie by Norma to circumvent the bureaucratic procedures demonstrates, as Gupta argues, that a practical knowledge of the hierarchical nature of state institutions can be used to further one’s own ends (1995: 384). Indeed, as Zulma explained in her account of the events, ‘You see. In this way

in Governing the dead
Economy, football and Istria
Alex J. Bellamy

contained here reveal the nation to be a terrain of political competition in which the state is but one, albeit powerful and well resourced, protagonist. Such disputes take place not only among political and intellectual elites but also within a diverse range of social practices. The focus here then is on how interpretations of the historical statehood narrative are manifested in the identities that inform social practices. These chapters ask how competing ideas about Croatian national identity are manifested in different areas of social activity by considering the

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

narrated by the state by valorising certain dead; how the dead are summoned as part of narratives contesting the end of the struggle; and how exhuming the dead is used as a contestation of state narratives. The nation and the dead As noted in the introduction above, the link between nationalism, the nation, the dead and their sacrifice is often a very intimate one, especially if the independence and sovereignty of the nation was achieved and/or defended through violent struggle.6 As outlined by Anderson (1991), Hobsbawm (1990) and others, the concept of the Westphalian

in Governing the dead